English naval officer; born in St. Ouen, Jersey
, in 1599.
Charles I. appointed him governor of the Island of Jersey
; and when the civil war broke out he was comptroller of the navy, and esteemed by all parties.
Leaving the sea, he went with his family to Jersey
, but soon afterwards returned to help his royal master.
In 1645 he was created a baronet, and returned to his government of Jersey
, where he received and sheltered the Prince
(afterwards Charles II.) when the royal cause was ruined in England
Other refugees of distinction were there, and he defended the island gallantly against the forces of Cromwell
At the Restoration he rode with the King
in his triumphant entry into London
became one of the privy council, vice-chamberlain, and treasurer of the navy.
Being a personal friend of James, Duke
, to whom Charles II.
granted New Netherland, Carteret
(another favorite) easily obtained a grant of territory between the Hudson
and Delaware rivers
, which, in gratitude for his services in the Island of Jersey
, was called New Jersey
retained his share of the province until his death, in 1680, leaving his widow, Lady Elizabeth
, executrix of his estate.
Sir George was one of the grantees of the Carolinas, and a portion of that domain was called Carteret
, of New York, claimed political jurisdiction, in the name of the Duke
, over all New Jersey
, governor of east Jersey
, denied it, and the two governors were in open opposition.
A friendly meeting of the two magistrates, on Staten Island
, was proposed.
declined it; and Andros
warned him to forbear exercising any jurisdiction in east Jersey
, and announced that he should erect a fort to aid him (Andros
) in the exercise of his authority.
defied him; and when, a month later, Andros
went to New Jersey
, seeking a peaceful conference, Carteret
met him with a military force.
came without troops, he was permitted to land.
The conference was fruitless.
A few weeks later Carteret
was taken from his bed, in his house at Elizabethtown
, at night, by New York soldiers, and carried to that city and placed in the hands of the sheriff.
He was tried in May (1678), and though Andros
sent his jurors out three times, with instructions to bring in a verdict of guilty, he was acquitted.
But he was compelled to give security that he would not again assume political authority in New Jersey
The Assembly of New Jersey were asked to accept the duke's laws, but they preferred their own. At the same time they accepted the government of Andros
, but with reluctance.
went to England
with complaints, and the case was laid before the duke by his widow after his death.
The Friends, of west Jersey
, had already presented their complaints against Andros
, and the case was referred to the duke's commissioners.
These, advised by Sir William Jones
, decided that James
's grant reserved no jurisdiction, and that none could be rightly claimed.
This decided the matter for east Jersey
also, and in August and October, 1680, the duke signed documents relinquishing all rights over east
and west Jersey