Ethnologist; born in Northeast, Pa.
, July 22, 1857; became interested early in life in collecting Indian relics.
In 1875 he was commissioned by Prof. Spencer F. Baird
to make surveys and collections for the National Museum; in 1876 was the curator of the ethnological exhibit of the National Museum at the Centennial Exposition
; in 1879 was assistant ethnologist with Major J. W. Powell
in the expedition to New Mexico
; and at his own request was left with the Zuni Indians
, where he lived for three years, and later for three additional years; acquired their language and traditions; was initiated into their priesthood; and was thus the first white man to learn the true character of Indian secret societies.
In 1881 he discovered the ruins of the Seven Cities of Cibola
, and conducted excavations among them and the great buried cities in southern Arizona
In 1895 he discovered the extensive remains of a sea-dwelling people along the Gulf coast
, and in 1896 led there the Pepper-Hearst
Was author of The myths of creation
; Preliminary report of Pepper-Hearst expedition on the ancient Key dwellers of Florida
; The arrow
; and many official reports and papers.
He died in Washington, D. C.
, April 10, 1900.