Jurist; born in Charlestown, Mass.
, April 4, 1820; graduated at Harvard University in 1838; studied at the Cambridge Law School, and practised the profession of law several years.
In 1848 he was a State Senator
, and from 1849 to 1853 was United States, marshal for Massachusetts
He was engaged in his profession at Worcester, Mass.
, when the Civil War
began, and was one of the earliest Union volunteers, becoming major of a rifle battalion April 16, 1861, and colonel of the 15th Massachusetts Regiment in July following.
Before the arrival of Colonel Baker
, he commanded at Ball's Bluff (q. v.)and again after that officer's death.
In April, 1862, he was made brigadier-general; served on the Peninsula
; was wounded at Fair Oaks
; was in the battles of South Mountain
; and commanded a division in the 11th Army Corps at. Chancellorsville
In the Richmond
campaign of 1864-65 he was continually engaged, and in December, 1864, he was in temporary command of the 24th Army Corps.
In April, 1865, he was brevetted major-general of volunteers, and in 1867 was appointed a justice of the Superior Court of Massachusetts
He was United States Attorney-General in 1877-81, and justice of the Massachusetts
Supreme Court from 1881 till his death, in Boston
, Jan. 7, 1891.