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Dug Springs, battle at.

General Lyon was 80 miles from Springfield when he heard of the perils of Sigel after the fight at Carthage. He pushed on to the relief of the latter, and on July 13, 1861, he and Sigel joined their forces, when the general took the chief command. The combined armies numbered, at that time, about 6,000 men, horse and foot, with eighteen pieces of artillery. There Lyon remained in a defensive attitude for some time, waiting for reinforcements which had been called for, but which did not come. The Confederates had been largely reinforced; and at the close of July Lyon was informed that they were marching upon Springfield in two columns—20,000—under the respective [160] commands of Generals Price, McCulloch, Pearce, McBride, and Rains. Lyon went out to meet them with about 6,000 men, foot and horse, and eighteen cannon, leaving a small force to guard Springfield. At Dug Springs, 19 miles southwest of Springfield, in a broken, oblong valley, they encountered a large Confederate force under General Rains. While the National vanguard of infantry and cavalry, under Steele and Stanley, were leading, they were unexpectedly attacked by Confederate infantry, who suddenly emerged from the woods. A sudden charge of twenty-five of Stanley's horsemen scattered the Confederates in every direction. The charge was fearful, and the slaughter was dreadful. “Are these men or devils, they fight so?” asked some of the wounded. Confederate cavalry now appeared emerging from the woods, when some of Lyon's cannon, managed by Captain Totten, threw shells that frightened the horses, and the Confederates were scattered. They then withdrew, leaving the valley in the possession of the Nationals. Lyon's loss was eight men killed and thirty wounded; that of Rains was about forty killed and as many wounded.

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Nathaniel Lyon (6)
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