Educator; born in Sutton, N. H.
, Dec. 5, 1829; was graduated at Dartmouth College in 1854; applied himself to educational pursuits till 1859, when he entered Andover Theological Seminary, and in 1862, after his ordination, was appointed chaplain of the 27th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
In November of the same year he was made superintendent of freedmen, and later was given supervision of all military posts from Cairo
and Fort Smith
In October, 1863, he became colonel of the 63d United States Colored Infantry, and in March, 1865, was brevetted brigadier-general.
He was editor of the Memphis Post
in 1866-67, and State superintendent of public instruction in Tennessee
From 1871 to 1886 he was commissioner of the United States
Bureau of Education, and then became president of Marietta College, O., where he remained until 1891; was president of the Sheldon Jackson College of Salt Lake City in 1895-98, when he was appointed inspector of public education in Porto Rico
He is author of History of Thetford Academy
; Mormons of today
; The Freedman in the War
(report) ; Schools of Tennessee
; reports of the United States
Bureau of Education, with circulars and bulletins for sixteen years, addresses, and numerous magazine articles.