Engineering.Mr. Thomas C. Clarke, Past President of the American Society of Civil Engineers, writes as follows on the subject of engineering, with special reference to American engineers and their works in the United States.
Engineering is sometimes divided into civil, military, and naval engineering. The logical classification is: statical engineering and dynamical. Statical engineering can be again subdivided into structural engineering, or that of railways, bridges, tunnels, buildings, etc.; also, into hydraulic engineering, which governs the application of water to canals, river improvements, harbors, the supply of water to towns and for irrigation, disposal of sewage, etc. Dynamical engineering can be divided into mechanical engineering, which covers the construction of all prime motors, the transmission of power, and the use of machines and machine tools. Closely allied is electrical engineering, the art of  the transformation and transmission of energy for traction, lighting, telegraphy, telephoning, operating machinery, and many other uses, such as its electrolytic application to ores and metals. Then we have the combined application of statical, mechanical, and electrical engineering to what is now called industrial engineering, or the production of articles useful to man. This may be divided into agricultural, mining, metallurgical, and chemical engineering.