; born in Montgomery Square, Montgomery co., Pa.
, Feb. 14, 1824; graduated at West Point
in 1844: served in the war with Mexico
; and left that country
quartermaster of his regiment.
In September, 1861, he was made brigadier-general of volunteers, and served in the campaign on the Virginia peninsula
in 1862. He was distinguished in the battles of South Mountain
Having been made major-general of volunteers in November, 1862, he led a division at Fredericksburg
in December; also at Chancellorsville
, in 1863.
Placed in command of the 2d Army Corps, he led it in the campaign of the Army of the Potomac in 1864-65.
In August, 1865, he was made a brigadier-general in the United States army, and in 1866 was brevetted major-general.
He was in command of different military departments after the war; and was the unsuccessful Democratic candidate for the Presidency of the United States
in 1880, when he received 4,444,952 votes, against 4,454,416 for James A. Garfield
, the successful Republican candidate.
Of him General Grant
stands the most conspicuous figure of all the general officers
who did not exercise a separate command.
He commanded a corps longer than any other one, and his name was never mentioned as having committed in battle a blunder for which he was responsible.”
To an adverse critic bluff General Sherman
said: “If you will sit down and write the best thing that can be put into language about General Hancock
as an officer and a gentleman, I will sign it without hesitation.”
died on Governor's Island, New York
, Feb. 9, 1886.