; born in Louisiana
in 1798; entered the army while quite young; was in the Black Hawk War
; and was made lieutenant-colonel of dragoons in 1836. Ten years later he was colonel.
He served in the Florida
, or Seminole, War
(q. v.), and in the war with Mexico
In 1848 he was brevetted brigadier-general for his services in the battle of Cerro Gordo
(q. v.). He was promoted to brigadiergeneral in 1858, and placed in command of the Department of Oregon; and in July. 1859, took possession of the island of San Juan
, near Vancouver
, which England
claimed to be a part of British Columbia
, and which the United States
soon afterwards evacuated.
then commanded the Department of the West; and in April. 1861, while on his way to Washington
, he was arrested by the Confederates
at Harper's Ferry, Va.
, and taken to Richmond
He was soon released, and, on returning to St. Louis
, issued proclamations warning the people of Missouri
of the dangers of secession.
In consequence of an unauthorized truce with Price
, the Confederate
was relieved of his command.
He retired in August, 1863; was brevetted major-general, United States army, in March, 1865; and was a member of the Indian Commission in 1867.
He died in Orlando, Fla.
. May 9. 1889.