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Herkimer, Nicholas

Military officer; born about 1715 or 1720; was the son of a palatine who settled on a tract called Burnet's Field, now in Herkimer county, N. Y. Nicholas was made a lieutenant of provincials in 1758, and was in command at Fort Herkimer during the attack of the French and Indians upon it that year. In 1775 he was appointed colonel of the 1st Battalion of Tryon county militia. He was also chairman of the county committee of safety; and in September, 1776, he was made brigadier-general by the provincial convention of New York. He commanded the Tryon county militia in the battle at Oriskany (Aug. 6, 1777), where he was severely wounded in the leg by a bullet, and he bled to death in consequence of defective surgery, Aug. 16, 1777. On Oct. 4 following the Continental Congress voted the erection of a monument to his memory of the value of $500. This amount was many years afterwards increased by Congress, private subscriptions, and the New York legislature to more than $10,000, and the monument in the form of an obelisk was erected in 1884.

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