Was first explored by French missionaries and traders, and Vincennes
was a missionary station as early as 1700. Indiana
constituted a part of New France, and afterwards of the Northwest Territory
In 1702 some French Canadians
discovered the Wabash
, and established several trading-posts on its banks, among others, Vincennes
Little is known of the early settlers until the country was ceded to the English
, in 1763.
The treaty of 1783 included Indiana
in the United States
A distressing Indian war broke out in 1788, but by victories by General Wilkinson
(1791) and General Wayne
(1794), a dangerous confederacy of the tribes was broken up. Another was afterwards attempted by Tecumseh
, but was defeated by the result of the battle of Tippecanoe
In 1800 the “Connecticut Reserve,” in the northwestern portion of Ohio
been sold to a company of speculators, measures were taken to extinguish certain claims on the part of the United States
and the State of Connecticut
The speculators found their bargain to be pecuniarily unprofitable, and likely to prove a serious embarrassment.
Fully 1,000 settlers were already on the “Reserve.”
Hitherto a confirmation of the Connecticut
title to these lands by the United States
had been inferentially acknowledged, and Connecticut
had given no quit-claim deeds; therefore, it was to the interest of the speculators to obtain from the United States
a direct confirmation.
On the other hand, it was an object for the United States
to extinguish Connecticut
's claim of jurisdiction.
Congress passed an act (April 28, 1800) authorizing the issue of letters-patent conveying the title of these lands to the governor of Connecticut
, for the benefit of those claiming under her, and similar letters-patent were issued by Connecticut
, relinquishing all claim to jurisdiction.
So the “Reserve” was annexed to the Northwest Territory
, which was presently divided, by act of Congress (May 7), into two separate jurisdictions, the western one being called the Territory of Indiana
, after one of the old ante-Revolutionary land companies.
St. Vincent, or Vincennes
, was made the capital, and William Henry Harrison
was appointed governor of the Territory
It then included Michigan
In 1803 a movement was made in Congress for suspending for a limited term, in the case of Indiana Territory
, the provision of the ordinance of 1787 (q. v.) prohibiting slavery northward of the Ohio River
A committee, of which John Randolph
, of Virginia
, was chairman, reported strongly against the proposition, believing that “in the salutary operation of this salutary and sagacious restraint the inhabitants of Indiana
would, at no distant day, find ample remuneration for a temporary privation of labor and immigration.”
At the next session (1804) the subject was brought up and referred to a new committee, of which Rodney
, the new Democratic representative from Delaware
, was chairman.
This committee reported in favor of such suspension, so as to admit, for ten years, the introduction of slaves born within the territory of the United States
, their descendants to be free, masculine at the age of twenty-five years, and feminine at twenty-one years. No action was had, but the subject was afterwards before Congress several times on the urgent application of inhabitants of Indiana
for the privilege of introducing slavery into the Territory
When war with Great Britain
broke out, in 1812, a fresh impulse was given to Indian depredations, which had never fairly ceased, but the hostiles were beaten, and were quiet after the close of that contest.
On June 29, 1816, a convention adopted a State constitution for Indiana
, and on Dec. 11 it was admitted into the Union
Rapid and continued immigration ensued.
This was greatly increased by the opening of the Erie Canal
During the Civil War Indiana
furnished to the National
army 195,147 soldiers.
In 1899 the assessed valuation of taxable property was $1,342,831,161; total tax rate, $2.96 per $1,000; and total debt, $5,004,615. The population in 1890 was 2,192,404; in 1900, 2,516,462.
See Clark, G. R.
; United States, Indiana
Governors of State.
|Jonathan Jennings||assumes office||Nov. 7, 1816|
|William Hendricks||assumes office||Dec. 4, 1822|
|James B. Ray||assumes office||Feb. 12, 1825|
|Noah Noble||assumes office||Dec. 7, 1831|
|David Wallace||assumes office||Dec. 6, 1837|
|Samuel Bigger||assumes office||Dec. 9, 1840|
|James Whitcomb||assumes office||Dec. 6, 1843|
|Joseph A. Wright||assumes office||Dec. 6, 1849|
|Ashbel P. Willard||assumes office||Jan. 12, 1857|
|Abraham A. Hammond||assumes office||Oct. 1860|
|Henry S. Lane||elected U. S. Senator||Jan. 1861|
|Oliver P. Morton||assumes office||Jan. 1861|
|Conrad Baker||assumes office||Jan. 1867|
|Thomas A. Hendricks||assumes office||Jan. 1873|
|James D. Williams||assumes office||Jan. 1877|
|Albert G. Porter||assumes office||Jan. 1881|
|Isaac P. Gray||assumes office||Jan. 1885|
|Alvin P. Hovey||(died in office)||Jan. 1889|
|Ira J. Chase, lieut.-gov.||acting||Nov. 1891|
|Claude Matthews||assumes office||Jan. 1, 1893|
|James A. Mount||assumes office||Jan. 1897|
|Winfield T. Durbin||assumes office||Jan. 1901|