Jurist; born in New Brunswick
, N. J.
, Feb. 9, 1748; graduated at Princeton in 1766; taught school at Queenstown, Md.
; was admitted to the bar in 1771; and soon obtained a lucrative practice in Maryland
He was a decided patriot, but was not found in public office until 1778, when he was attorney-general.
He had been a member of a committee to oppose the claims of Great Britain
in 1774, and wrote essays and made addresses on the topics of the day. In 1784-85 he was in Congress, and was a member of the convention which framed the national Constitution, the adoption of which he opposed, because it did not sufficiently recognize the equality of the States.
He was a defender of Judge Chase
when he was impeached, and in 1807 he was one of the successful defendants of Aaron Burr
, his personal friend, in his trial for treason, at Richmond
In 1813 Mr. Martin
was made chief-justice of the court of oyer and terminer in Baltimore
, and in 1818 he again became attorney-general of Maryland
He was stricken with paralysis in 1820, and in 1822 he took refuge with Aaron Burr
in New York, broken in health and fortune.
was a violent political partisan, and savagely attacked Jefferson
and the Democratic party.
He died in New York, July 10, 1826.