; born in England
In 1746 he was an ensign in the Coldstream Guards, and before he came to America
, in 1776, was a colonel and aide-de-camp to the King
He commanded a brigade of the Guards, with the rank of brigadier-general, in the attack on Fort Washington
In May, 1779, General Clinton
sent 2,000 men from New York, under General Matthews
, to plunder the coast of Virginia
He entered the Elizabeth River
on transports, escorted by a squadron of armed vessels under Sir George Collier
, on May 9.
They plundered and spread desolation on both sides of the river to Norfolk
They seized that city, then rising from its ashes and enjoying a considerable trade, and also Portsmouth
These were the chief places of deposit of Virginia
agricultural productions, especially tobacco.
They captured and burned not less than 130 merchant vessels in the James
and Elizabeth rivers
, an unfinished Continental frigate on the stocks at Portsmouth
, and eight ships-ofwar on the stocks at Gosport
, a short distance above Portsmouth
, where the Virginians had established a navy-yard.
So sudden and powerful was the attack, that very little resistance was made by Fort Nelson
, below Portsmouth
, or by the Virginia
carried away or destroyed a vast amount of tobacco and other property, estimated, in the aggregate, at $2,000,000. Afterwards he assisted in the capture of Verplanck
's and Stony Point
Appointed major-general, he was stationed at or near New York, and returned to England
in 1780; was commander-in-chief of the forces in the West Indies
in 1782, and the next year was governor of Grenada
and the Caribbean Islands
In 1797 he became a general.
He died in Hants
, Dec. 26, 1805.