; born in Aberdeen, Scotland
, about 1720; became a physician, and was assistant surgeon at the battle of Culloden
, on the side of the Pretender, and was obliged to leave his country.
He came to America
in 1747, was a captain in the French
and Indian War, was severely wounded in the battle
was defeated, and received a medal from the corporation of Philadelphia
for his prowess in that expedition.
He was made lieutenant-colonel in 1758; entered heartily into the military service when the Revolutionary War
broke out, and was made colonel of the 3d Virginia Regiment in February, 1776.
In June following Congress made him a brigadier-general.
He led the column of attack at the battle of Trenton
(q. v.), and at the council of war there he suggested the daring night march on Princeton
In the battle that ensued the following morning he was mortally wounded, and died Jan. 12, 1777.
See Princeton, battle of