Is bounded on the north by British Columbia
and the Northwest Territory
; on the east by North and South Dakota
; on the south by Wyoming
; and on the west by Idaho
; area, 146,080 square miles; capital, Helena
; admitted to the Union
Nov. 8, 1889.
By act of Congress in May, 1864, Montana
was taken from the eastern portion of Idaho
and organized as a separate Territory.
The State is exceedingly rich in mineral productions, especially gold
, copper, lead, and coal.
There are also very large and excellent tracts of grazing land.
The population in 1890 was 132,159; in 1900, 243,329.
See United States, Montana
, in vol.