Patriot; born in Trappe, Pa.
, Oct. 1, 1746; was educated at Halle, Germany
; ran away, and for a year was a private in a
regiment of dragoons; was ordained in 1772, and preached at Woodstock, Va.
, until the Revolutionary War
broke out. One Sunday he told his hearers that there was a time for all things—a time to preach and a time to fight—and that then was the time to fight.
Casting off his
gown, he appeared in the regimentals of a Virginia colonel, read his commission as such, and ordered drummers to beat up for recruits.
Nearly all the able-bodied men of his parish responded, and became soldiers of the 8th Virginia (German) regiment.
He had been an active patriot in civil life, and was efficient in military service.
In February, 1777, he was made brigadier-general, and took charge of the Virginia
line, under Washington
He was in the battles of Brandywine
, and Monmouth
, and was at the capture of Stony Point
He was in chief command in Virginia
in 1781, until the arrival of Steuben
; and was second in command to Lafayette
in resisting the invasion of the State
At the siege of Yorktown
(q. v.) he commanded a brigade of light infantry, and was made a major-general at the close of the war. Removing to Pennsylvania
, he was elected a member of the council, and, in 1785, vice-president
of the State
He was a member of Congress much of the time from 1789 to 1801, and in 1801-2 was United States Senator
He was supervisor of the revenue for the district of Pennsylvania
, and, in 1803, collector of the port of Philadelphia
He died near Philadelphia, Pa.
, Oct. 1, 1807.