Lately Discovered Province of Pennsylvania situated on the Frontiers of this Western World, America. Published in Frankfort and Leipzig in 1700; translated from the original German by Lewis H. Weiss. John G. Whittier, in an introductory note to his poem, The Pennsylvania Pilgrim, wrote:
The beginning of German emigration to America may be traced to the personal influence of William Penn, who in 1677 visited the Continent, and made the acquaintance of an intelligent and highly cultivated circle of Pietists, or Mystics, who, reviving in the seventeenth century the spiritual faith and worship of Tauler and the “Friends of God” in the fourteenth, gathered about the pastor Spener, and the young and beautiful Eleonora Johanna von Merlau. In this circle originated the Frankfort Land Company, which bought of William Penn, the governor of Pennsylvania, a tract of land near the new city of Philadelphia. The company's agent in the New World was a rising young lawyer, Francis Daniel Pastorius, son of Judge Pastorius, of Windsheim, who studied law at Strasburg, Basle, and Jena, and at Ratisbon, and received the degree of Doctor of Law, at Nuremberg, in 1676. In 1679 he became deeply interested in the teachings of Dr. Spener. In 1680-81 he travelled in France, England, Ireland, and Italy with his friend Herr von Rodeck. “I was,” he says, “glad to enjoy again the company  of my Christian friends rather than be with Von Rodeck, feasting and dancing.” In 1683, in company with a small number of German Friends, he emigrated to America, settling upon the Frankfort Company's tract. The township was divided into four hamlets—namely, Germantown, Krisheim, Crefield, and Sommerhausen. He united with the Society of Friends, and became the recognized head and lawgiver of the settlement. He married, two years after his arrival, Anneke, daughter of Dr. Klosterman, of Muhlheim. In the year 1688 he drew up a memorial against slave-holding, which was adopted by the Germantown Friends, and sent up to the monthly meeting, and thence to the yearly meeting at Philadelphia. It is noteworthy as the first protest made by a religious body against negro slavery. The original document was discovered in 1844, by the Philadelphia antiquarian, Nathan Kite, and published in The friend. It is a bold and direct appeal to the best instincts of the heart. “Have not,” he asks, “those negroes as much right to fight for their freedom as you have to keep them slaves?” Under the wise direction of Pastorius, the Germantown settlement grew and prospered. The inhabitants planted orchards and vineyards, and surrounded themselves with souvenirs of their old home. A large number of them were linen-weavers, as well as small farmers. The Quakers were the principal sect; but men of all religions were tolerated, and lived together in harmony. In 1692 Richard Frame published, in what he called verse, a Description of Pennsylvania, in which he alludes to the settlement:
The German town of which I spoke before,
Which is at least in length one mile or more,
Where lives High German people and Low Dutch,
Whose trade in weaving linen cloth is much—
There grows the flax, as also you may know
That from the same they do divide the tow.
Their trade suits well their habitation—
We find convenience for their occupation.