On Feb. 29, 1631, the President
and Council for New England
granted to Robert Aldworth
and Giles Elbridge
100 acres of land for every person whom they should transport to the province of Maine
within seven years, who should continue there three years, and an absolute grant of 12,000 acres of land as “their proper inheritance forever,” to be laid out near the Pemaquid River
In 1677 Governor Andros
sent a sloop, with some forces, to take possession of the territory in Maine
, which had been granted to the Duke
He caused Fort Frederick to be built at Pemaquid Point
, a headland of the southwest entrance to Bristol Bay
The Eastern Indians, who, ever since King Philip's War, had been hostile, then appeared friendly, and a treaty was made with them at Casco
, April 12, 1678, by the commissioners, which put an end to a distressing war. In 1692 Sir William Phipps
, with 450 men, built a large stone fort there, which was superior to any structure of the kind that had been built by the English
It was called Fort William Henry
, and was garrisoned by sixty men. There, in 1693, a treaty was made with the Indians, by which they acknowledged subjection to the crown
, and delivered hostages as a pledge of their fidelity; but, instigated by the French
, they violated the treaty the next year.
, regarding the fort at Pemaquid
as “controlling all Acadia.,” determined to expel the English
from it. An expedition against it was committed to Iberville
and Bonaventure, who anchored at Pentagoet, Aug. 7, 1696, where they were joined by the Baron de Castine
, with 200 Indians
These auxiliaries went forward in canoes, the French
in their vessels, and invested the fort on the 14th. Major Chubb
was in command.
To a summons from Iberville
to surrender, the major replied, “If the sea were covered with French vessels and the land with Indians
, yet I would not give up the fort.”
Some skirmishing occurred that day, and, having completed a battery, the next day Iberville
threw some bombs into the fort, which greatly terrified the garrison.
sent a letter, assuring the garrison that, if the place should be taken by assault, they would be left to the Indians, who would give no quarter; he had seen the King
's letter to that effect.
The garrison, compelling Chubb
to surrender, were sent to Boston
, to be exchanged for French and Indian prisoners, and the costly fort was demolished.