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Peninsular campaign,

The name of the campaign conducted by General McClellan in 1862 on the Virginia peninsula, between the York River and its tributaries and the James River, which rivers empty into Chesapeake Bay or its adjacent waters. On the extremity of the point of land between them stands Fort Monroe. The campaign continued from the landing of General Heintzelman's corps of the [112]

Badges of designation of the army of the Potomac (the numbers designate the different army corps).

Army of the Potomac at Fort Monroe, March 22, 1862, until the departure of the army from Harrison's Landing, in August of the same year, including the famous seven days battle before Richmond.

Heintzelman's corps embarks for Fortress MonroeMarch 17, 1862
Headquarters of the Army of the Potomac transferred to vicinity of Fortress MonroeApril 1, 1862
McDowell's corps detached from the ArmyApril 4, 1862
Yorktown and its line of defence, about 13 miles in length, occupied by 11,000 Confederates under Magruder, is attacked by the Nationals; repulsedApril 4, 1862
Siege, so-called, of YorktownApril 4-May 5, 1862
Confederates evacuate YorktownMay 5, 1862
battle of Williamsburg (q. v.)May 5, 1862
[General Hooker attacked the Confederates with his division alone until reinforced by Kearny's division about 4 P. M. The Confederates retired towards Richmond during the night. The National loss in killed, wounded, and missing, 2,228.]
General Franklin's division lands at West PointMay 6, 1862
Norfolk evacuated by the ConfederatesMay 10, 1862
Iron-clad Merrimac blown up by the ConfederatesMay 11, 1862
Com. John Rodgers, moving up the James to within 8 miles of Richmond with his fleet, retires after an unequal contest with batteries on Drury's Bluff or Fort DarlingMay 15, 1862
McClellan's headquarters established at the “White House” (belonging to Mrs. Robt. E. Lee) on the PamunkeyMay 16, 1862
McDowell, with a corps of 40,000 men and 100 pieces of artillery, instructed to co-operate with the Army of the Potomac advancing on RichmondMay 17, 1862
To frustrate this union “StonewallJackson assumes the offensive by threatening Washington. The National forces in northern Virginia at this time were: Banks, 20,000, Milroy and Schenck, 6,000, Fremont, 10,000, and McDowell's corps at Fredericksburg, 40,000. Jackson suc-

ceeds, and McDowell is retained to defend Washington by an order issued [This order saved the Confederate capital.]May 24, 1862
Jackson drives Banks out of Winchester (see cross Keys, action atMay 25, 1862
Hanover Court-houseMay 27, 1862
[Fitz-John Porter, with a corps of 12,000 men, is ordered by McClellan to destroy the bridges over the South Anna, as instructed to do from Washington; opposed by the Confederates under Branch at Hanover Court-house, he defeats them.]
Porter returns to his former position at Gaines's MillsMay 29, 1862
battle of fair Oaks (q. v.) or seven PINESMay 31-June 1, 1862
Robt. E. Lee assumes command of the ConfederatesJune 3, 1862
Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, with a small cavalry division, passes around the Army of the PotomacJune 12-13, 1862
battle of Mechanicsville (q. v.)June 26, 1862
battle of Gaines's Mills (q. v.)June 27, 1862
First siege of Richmond abandoned; Keyes's corps ordered to the James on the evening ofJune 27, 1862
[Lee, failing to comprehend McClellan's plans, loses the whole of June 28 in false movements.]
Battle of Savage's Station; Summer repulses MagruderJune 29, 1862
Entire Army of the Potomac safely across “White Oak Swamp” on the morning ofJune 30, 1862
battle of Glendale (q. v.)June 30, 1862
Army of the Potomac, with its immense trains, concentrated on and around Malvern Hill on the morning ofJuly 1, 1862
battle of Malvern Hill (q. v.)July 1, 1862
President visits McClellan at Harrison's LandingJuly 7, 1862
Hooker reoccupies Malvern HillAug. 4, 1862
McClellan ordered to withdraw to Aquia CreekAug. 4, 1862
Harrison's Landing entirely vacatedAug. 16, 1862
McClellan reaches Aquia CreekAug. 24, 1862
Reports at AlexandriaAug. 26, 1862

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