; born in Kingston, O.
, Sept. 6, 1819; graduated at West Point
entered the engineer corps; was assistant professor in the Military Academy in 1843-47; and resigned on account of illhealth in 1854.
In May, 1861, he was commissioned brigadier-general.
He commanded a division at the siege of Corinth
in May, 1862; commanded the Army of the Mississippi until October, defeating Price
(see Iuka Springs, battle near
), and Van Dorn
As commander of the Army of the Cumberland, in December, 1862, he won the battle of Stone River
In September, 1863, he was defeated at Chickamauga
In 1864 he commanded the Department of Missouri, and defeated the object of Price
In 1865 he was brevetted major-general.
He resigned in 1867; was minister to Mexico
in 1868; member of Congress from California
in 1881-85; register of the United States treasury in 1885-93.
He was restored to the rank of brigadier-general, and retired in 1889.
He died near Redondo, Cal.
, March 11, 1898.