Clergyman; born in St. Gall, Switzerland
, July 14, 1716; educated at the University of Helmstedt
; ordained in the German Reformed Church; settled in Philadelphia, Pa.
, in 1746, and became pastor of the united churches of Philadelphia
He returned to Europe
in 1751, and appealed for help in Holland
for free schools among the Germans in America
This appeal resulted in a fund of over £20,000.
retired from the active pastorate in 1755, and devoted himself to founding schools.
He served in the Royal
American army as chaplain in 1757-59.
When the Revolutionary War
began he sympathized with the patriots; was imprisoned by the British
in September, 1777, and had his house sacked, because he refused to obey their orders.
He died in Philadelphia, Pa.
, in November, 1790.