; born in Delphi, N. Y.
, Sept. 24, 1827; graduated at West Point
in 1852; resigned in 1856, and settled in Syracuse
as a lawyer.
Early in the Civil
War he was commissioned colonel of 27th New York Volunteers; joined McDowell
's troops, and took part in the battle of Bull Run
, where he was shot through the thigh.
He was made brigadier-general of volunteers in August, 1861, and commanded a brigade in Franklin
He served with distinction in the campaign on the Peninsula
, in 1862, and on July 4, 1862, he was promoted major-general.
In the battle of Groveton
(or second battle of Bull Run
), at South Mountain
, and Antietam
, he was signally active, and in October, 1862, was assigned to the command of the 12th Corps, which he led at Fredericksburg
, and Gettysburg
At the latter he commanded the right wing of Meade
From September, 1863, to April, 1864, he guarded the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, and in the Atlanta campaign
commanded the 20th Corps.
In the march to the sea he commanded one of the grand divisions of Sherman
's army; also through the Carolinas, until the surrender of Johnston
He resigned Sept. 28, 1865; was defeated as Democratic candidate for secretary of state of New York
in 1865; was a Presidential elector in 1868; elected .to Congress in 1868 and 1870, and as Representative at large in 1884.
He died in Brooklyn, N. Y.
, April 14, 1894.