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State of Washington,

Created from Washington Territory, which was originally a part of Oregon, and was the most northwestern portion of the republic until Alaska was purchased. It is bounded on the north by Canada. The first American settlement in the limits of the State was at Tumwater, in 1845, by a few families who had crossed the plains. Before that the only white dwellers were employes of the Hudson Bay Company. Washington Territory was set apart from Oregon by act of Congress, March 2, 1853. When Oregon became a State, Feb. 14, 1859, Congress added to Washington Territory the region between the eastern boundary of that State and the Rocky Mountains, embracing the present State of Idaho and parts of Montana and Wyoming. The San [191] Juan Islands, formerly claimed by Great Britain, were decided, in 1872, by the arbitration of the Emperor of Germany,

State seal of Washington.

to belong to the United States. Washington was admitted as a State in 1889. Olympia is the capital. The population in 1890 was 349,390; in 1900, 518,103. See United States, Washington, vol. IX.

Territorial governors.

I. I. Stevensassumes officeNov. 28, 1853
Fayette McMullenassumes officeSeptember, 1857
C. H. Mason, actingassumes officeJuly, 1858
Richard D. Gholsonassumes office1859
Henry M. McGill, actingassumes officeMay, 1860
W. H. Wallaceassumes office1861
L. J. S. Turney, actingassumes office1861
William Pickeringassumes officeJune, 1862
Marshall F. Mooreassumes office1867
Alvan Flandersassumes office1869
Edward S. Salomonassumes office1870
Elisha Pyre Ferryassumes office1872
William A. Newellassumes office1880
Watson C. Squireassumes office1884
Eugene Sempleassumes office1887
Miles C. Mooreassumes office1888

State governors.

Elisha P. Ferryassumes officeNov. 18, 1889
John H. McGrawassumes officeJanuary, 1893
John R. Rogersassumes officeJanuary, 1897

United States Senators.

Name.No. of Congress.Term.
John B. Allen51st to 53d1890 to 1893
Watson C. Squire51st to —1890 to —
Vacant153d to —— to —
John L. Wilson54th to 56th1895 to 1899
George Turner55th to —1897 to —
Addison G. Foster56th to —1899 to —

Washington, treaty of

1 Upon the expiration of John B. Allen's term in 1893 there was a deadlock and the office was vacant until Wilson's election in 1895.

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