State of Washington,
Created from Washington Territory
, which was originally a part of Oregon
, and was the most northwestern portion of the republic until Alaska
It is bounded on the north by Canada
The first American settlement in the limits of the State
was at Tumwater
, in 1845, by a few families who had crossed the plains.
Before that the only white dwellers were employes of the Hudson Bay Company. Washington Territory
was set apart from Oregon
by act of Congress, March 2, 1853.
became a State, Feb. 14, 1859, Congress added to Washington Territory
the region between the eastern boundary of that State and the Rocky Mountains
, embracing the present State of Idaho
and parts of Montana
Juan Islands, formerly claimed by Great Britain
, were decided, in 1872, by the arbitration of the Emperor
to belong to the United States
was admitted as a State in 1889.
is the capital.
The population in 1890 was 349,390; in 1900, 518,103.
See United States, Washington
, treaty of