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States, origin of the names of

Alabama (Indian), “Here we rest.” Arkansas (Indian), the same as Kansas, “smoky water,” with the prefix of the French arc, or bow for arrows. California, a name given by Cortez in 1535 to the peninsula of Lower California. He probably derived it from Esplanadian, a Spanish romance published in 1510, in which the name is given to an imaginary island “on the right hand of the Indies, very near to the terrestrial paradise,” abounding in great treasures of gold. Colorado (Spanish), “red,” or “colored.” Connecticut, from the Indian word, Quahna-ta-cut, “country upon the long river.” Delaware, in honor of Thomas West, Lord De la Warr, or Delaware, first governor of the Virginia colony. Florida, so named by Ponce de Leon because of the abundance of flowers there, or because of the day on which he discovered it—Easter or Palm Sunday (Pascua Florida), 1512. Georgia, in honor of George II. of England, in whose reign it was settled. Illinois, from the Indian word illini, “men,” and the French suffix ois, “tribe of men.” Indiana, from the word “Indian.” Iowa, the French rendering of an Indian word signifying “the drowsy,” or the “sleepy ones.” Kansas (Indian), “smoky water.” It is also said to signify “good potato.” Kentucky (Indian), Kain-tuck-ee, “at the bead of a river.” Louisiana, so named by La Salle after King Louis XIV. of France. Maine, in compliment to the Queen of Charles I., who owned the province of Mayne, in France. Maryland, named in honor of Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I., who called the province Terra Mariae, “Mary's land.” Massachusetts (Indian), “about the great hills.” Michigan (Indian), mit-chi, “great,” and sawgye-gan, a Chippewa word for “liken.” Minnesota (Indian), “whitish water.” Mississippi (Indian), “great, long river.” Missouri (Indian), “muddy river.” Nebraska (Indian), “water valley,” or “shallow river.” Nevada, a Spanish word. New Hampshire, so named by George Mason after Hampshire, a county in England. New Jersey, so called in honor of Sir George Carteret, one of its proprietors. who had been governor of the island of Jersey, in the British Channel. New York, so named in compliment to the Duke of York, to whom the territory was granted in 1664. Carolina, North and South, so named in compliment to Charles II. (Latin Carolus), who granted the colonial charter. Ohio (Indian), O-hee-yuh (Seneca) “beautiful river.” The French spell it O-y-o. Oregon, from oregano (Spanish)., the wild marjoram, which grows abundantly on the Pacific coast. Pennsylvania, “Penn's woods,” so named in honor of Admiral Penn, to whose son William it was granted by Charles II. Rhode Island, a corruption of Roode Islandt, “Red Island,” so named by the Dutch traders because of the abundance of cranberries found on the shore. Tennessee (Indian), “river of the big bend.” Texas, from an Aztec word signifying “north country.” Vermont (French, verd mont), “green mountain,” from the green mountain ranges that traverse it. Virginia, so named in compliment to Elizabeth, the unmarried Queen of England. West Virginia, formed from the western portion of old Virginia. Wisconsin, or Ouisconsin, the French form of an Indian word meaning “a wild, rushing river.”

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