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(Indian, Edah hoe), one of the States of the northwestern division of the Union. Its name signifies “light on the mountains.” It lies between lat. 42° and 49° N., and long. 111° and 117° W. The Dominion of Canada bounds it on the north, Montana and Wyoming on the east, Utah and Nevada on the south, and Oregon and Washington on the west. Area, 84,800 square miles, in eighteen counties;. population, 1890, 84,385; 1900, 161,772; capital, Boise City.

First white men in Idaho, Lewis and Clarke's exploring expedition......1805-6

First settlement at Fort Hall, by N. J. Wyeth......1834 [320]

Coeur d'alene mission established......1842 Gold discovered on the Oro Fino Creek, followed by a large immigration. 1858-60

Idaho created a Territory.......March 3, 1863 General school law passed......Jan. 12, 1877

Test-oaths abjuring polygamy and plural and celestial marriages required of all county and precinct officers......1884-85

New capitol completed at Boise City......1887

Legislature unseats three members as ineligible under the anti-Mormon testoaths......1888

University at Moscow authorized by the legislature......January, 1889

Convention frames a State constitution......July 4–Aug. 6, 1889

Constitution ratified and State officers elected......Nov. 5, 1889

Supreme Court sustains the Idaho anti-Mormon test-oath law for voters......Feb. 3, 1890

Admitted as the forty-third State by proclamation of President Harrison......July 3, 1890

Governor Shoup takes the oath of office, Nov. 3, and convenes the legislature at Boise City......Dec. 8, 1890

Legislature elects United States Senators; Governor Shoup for term ending March 4, 1891 (also F. T. Dubois to succeed him), and W. J. McConnell......Dec. 18, 1890

Lieutenant-Governor Willey succeeds

Governor Shoup, resigned......Dec. 20, 1890

Election of Dubois being deemed illegal, William H. Claggett is chosen Shoup's successor......Feb. 11, 1891

Law allowing verdict by three-fourths of a jury in a civil action, and an Australian ballot law enacted at session ending......March 14, 1891

United States Senate seats Dubois (vote 55 to 5)......March 3, 1892

Lockout involving 3,000 striking miners begins in the Coeur d'alene mining district in Shoshone county, April 1. An attack on men employed in the Gem mines, made by union men, results in the killing of several miners......July 11, 1892

Martial law put in force in Shoshone county......July 14, 1892

Proclamation of President Harrison commanding all persons in insurrection in Idaho to disperse......July 16, 1892

Two thousand United States troops, by order of President Harrison, occupy Wardner, July 14; suppress disturbance; withdraw......July 23, 1892

Trial of insurrectionary miners at Coeur d'alene city for conspiracy; four convicted, ten acquitted......Sept. 29, 1892

Riot at Coeur d'alene......April 29, 1899

Snake River irrigation enterprise affecting 250,000 acres of land, at a cost of $1,500,000 begun......1900



One of the northern central States of the United States, its western boundary the Mississippi River, which separates it from Iowa and Missouri; Wisconsin bounds it on the north, Lake Michigan touching the northeastern corner; Indiana on the east, and Kentucky on the south. It is limited in lat. by 36° 59′ to 42° 30′ N., and in long. by 87° 35′ to 91° 40′ W. Area, 56,650 square miles, in 102 counties. Population, 1890, 3,826,351; 1900, 4,821,550. Capital, Springfield.

Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette descend the Mississippi River from the mouth of the Wisconsin to the Arkansas. Returning, they ascend the Illinois, making their way to Lake Michigan via the Desplaines and Chicago rivers......1673

Marquette, purposing to establish a mission among the Illinois Indians, makes a portage from the Chicago to the Desplaines, descends the Illinois River nearly to Utica, where he meets a large concourse of chiefs and warriors......April 8, 1675

Father Claude Allouez, successor to Marquette, who died May 18, 1675, enters the Chicago River on his way to the Indian mission......April, 1676

Robert Cavalier Sieur de la Salle, with Henry Tonti, Father Hennepin, and a party of thirty-three, descending the Kankakee and Illinois rivers, pass through Peoria Lake, Jan. 3, 1680, and erect Fort Crevecoeur on the east shore of the outlet......1680

Father Hennepin descends the Illinois [321] from the fort to explore the upper Mississippi......Feb. 28, 1680

La Salle, returning from Montreal with supplies for Fort Crevecoeur, finds the town of the Illinois Indians burned by the Iroquois, the fort destroyed, and the garrison dispersed......1680

La Salle and Tonti, seeking the mouth of the Mississippi, descend the Illinois, arriving at its mouth......Feb. 6, 1682

They build Fort St. Louis on Starved Rock on the Illinois, near the site of Utica......November, 1682

La Salle returns to France, 1683; sails for the mouth of the Mississippi in August, 1684. Tonti, with twenty-five Frenchmen and five Indians, intending to meet him at the mouth of the Mississippi, leaves Fort St. Louis......Feb. 13, 1686

Fort Chicago, probably built by M. de la Durantaye in 1685, appears on a map of Lake Michigan dated......1688

Mission established at the great town of the Illinois is removed down the river to the present site of Kaskaskia before......1690

Philip Renault, with 200 mechanics and laborers, and 500 negro slaves for working supposed mines in Illinois, founds St. Philipps, a village a few miles above Kaskaskia......1719

Pierre Duque Boisbriant, sent by the Western Company, builds Fort Chartres on the east side of the Mississippi, 22 miles from Kaskaskia......1720

Jesuits establish a monastery and college at Kaskaskia......1721

Kaskaskia becomes an incorporated town......1725

Renault sells his slaves to the French colonists in Illinois......1744

Fort Massac, or Massacre, on the Ohio, about 40 miles from its mouth, established by the French about 1711, is enlarged and garrisoned......1756

British flag raised over Fort Chartres......Oct. 10, 1765

Colonel Wilkins, sent to Fort Chartres to govern the Illinois country, assumes by proclamation the civil administration, appointing seven magistrates or judges......Nov. 21, 1768

First court held in Illinois opens at Fort Chartres......Dec. 6, 1768

Land grant of 30,000 acres in the present county of Randolph made by Colonel Wilkins to John Baynton, Samuel Wharton, and George Morgan, merchants of Philadelphia......April 12, 1769

A freshet destroying a part of Fort Chartres, it is abandoned by the British garrison, who occupy Fort Gage, opposite Kaskaskia, and fix the government there......1772

Deed to the Illinois Land Company from the chiefs of Indian tribes in Illinois for two immense tracts of land in southern Illinois, bought July 5, recorded at Kaskaskia......Sept. 2, 1773

American expedition under George Rogers Clarke conquers Illinois without bloodshed, occupying Kaskaskia......July 4, 1778

Territory conquered by Colonel Clarke is made by the legislature of Virginia into Illinois county......October, 1778

Col. John Todd proclaims from Kaskaskia a temporary government for Illinois......June 15, 1779

Illinois included in the Virginia act of cession to the United States, Dec. 20, 1783, the deed of which is executed......March 1, 1784

Illinois included in Northwest Territory, organized by act of Congress......July 13, 1787

Maj.-Gen. Arthur St. Clair, elected by Congress governor of the Northwest Territory, arrives at Kaskaskia February, 1790

By act of Congress 400 acres are granted to every head of family who had improved farms in Illinois prior to 1788......1791

By the treaty of Greenville, sixteen tracts 6 miles square in Illinois are ceded by the Indians; one at the mouth of the Chicago River, “where a fort formerly stood” ......Aug. 3, 1795

Site of Peoria fixed by the abandonment of a settlement called La Ville de Maillet, located farther up the lake in 1788......1796

Jean Baptiste Point de Saible, a negro who settled at Chicago about 1779, sells his cabin to a French trader named Le Mai and moves to Peoria......1796

Illinois part of Indian Territory, created by act......May 7, 1800

Memorial to Congress by a committee called to Vincennes by Governor Harrison, requesting the repeal of the sixth article of the organic act prohibiting slavery......Dec. 20, 1802 [322]

By treaty of Fort Wayne, June 7, ratified at Vincennes, Aug. 7, 1803, the Indians cede to the United States 1,634,000 acres of land, 336,128 in Illinois; and by treaty of Vincennes, Aug. 13, the Kaskaskias cede most of southern Illinois......1803

Fort Dearborn built on the south side of Chicago River by the federal government and garrisoned. The corner of Michigan Avenue and River Street, Chicago, marks the site......1803

Congress establishes land offices at Kaskaskia, Vincennes, and Detroit......March 15, 1804

John Kinzie, of the American Fur Company, buys Le Mai's trading-house; is the first permanent settler at Chicago......1804

By the treaty of St. Louis, Nov. 3, 1804, the united Sac and Fox Indians cede to the United States land on both sides of the Mississippi River, extending on the east from the mouth of the Illinois to its head and thence to the Wisconsin......Nov. 3, 1804

Piankeshaw Indians cede to the United States 2,616,921 acres west of the Wabash, opposite Vincennes......Dec. 30, 1805

Territory of Illinois created with Kaskaskia as the seat of government......Feb. 3, 1809

Ninian Edwards commissioned governor by Madison......April 24, 1809

Mail route established by law from Vincennes to St. Louis, via Kaskaskia, Prairie du Rocher, and Cahokia......1810

Illinois raised to second grade of territorial government......May 21, 1812

Owing to Indian murders and outrages a cordon of forts and block-houses is erected in Illinois; the most noted is Fort Russel, near Edwardsville......1812

Garrison of Fort Dearborn, by order of General Hull, Aug. 7, 1812, though reinforced by Captain Wells and fifteen friendly Miamis, evacuate the fort Aug. 15. They are attacked and massacred by Indians; thirty-nine killed, twenty-seven taken prisoners, and the fort burned......Aug. 15-16, 1812

Captain Craig, of Shawneetown, under instructions from Gen. Samuel Hopkins, burns Peoria and removes the captured French inhabitants suspected of complicity with the Indians to Alton......October, 1812

Legislature convenes at Kaskaskia......Nov. 25, 1812

Laws of the Territory revised by Nathaniel Pope, and printed by Matthew Duncan under date......June 2, 1815

Bank of Illinois incorporated at Shawneetown......1816

Fort Dearborn rebuilt......1816

Charter for Cairo city granted by the legislature......1817-18

Enabling act for the State of Illinois approved......April 18, 1818

Northern boundary of Illinois extended 50 miles to lat. 42° 30′......1818

Convention at Kaskaskia to frame a constitution adopts an ordinance accepting the enabling act......Aug. 26, 1818

First general assembly under the constitution meets at Kaskaskia......Oct. 5, 1818

Illinois admitted into the Union, approved......Dec. 3, 1818

State bank of Illinois incorporated with four branches......March 22, 1819

Legislature re-enacts the “black laws” respecting free negroes, mulattoes, servants, and slaves......March 30, 1819

Ferdinand Ernst, from Hanover, locates a colony of twenty-five or thirty families at Vandalia......1819

John Kelly and family the first white settlers at Springfield......1819

Seat of government removed to Vandalia......1820

State-house at Vandalia destroyed by fire......Dec. 9, 1823

General election, proposed convention to amend the constitution permitting slavery defeated by 4,972 to 6,640......August, 1824

Illinois and Michigan Canal Association incorporated......Jan. 19, 1825

Reception given General Lafayette at Kaskaskia......April 30, 1825

Congress grants 224,322 acres to the State of Illinois to aid the Illinois and Michigan Canal......March 2, 1827

Father of Abraham Lincoln removes from Indiana with his family to Macon county, Ill......1830

Towns of Chicago and Ottawa surveyed and laid out by a board of canal commissioners, and maps prepared by James Thompson bearing date......Aug. 4, 1830

United States troops under General Gaines, having burned the old Sac village on the Mississippi deserted by Black Hawk and his warriors, encamp at Rock [323] Island, where Black Hawk, summoned to a council, signs an agreement not to recross the Mississippi to the Illinois side without permission from the governor or the President of the United States......June 30, 1831

Black Hawk, with 150 warriors, unsuccessfully attacks Apple River Fort, 12 miles from Galena......June 6, 1832

Battle of Kellog's Grove, 50 miles from Dixon; Colonel Demont attacked by Indians under Black Hawk......June 26, 1832

Chicago incorporated as a town......August, 1833

New State bank with six branches incorporated......1834

Abraham Lincoln elected to the State legislature......1834

[Also 1836, 1838, 1840.]

First number of the Alton observer, an anti-slavery newspaper, published by Rev. Elijah P. Lovejoy......Sept. 8, 1836

Abraham Lincoln admitted to practise law......1836

Act to establish and maintain a general system of internal improvement appropriates $10,230,000......Feb. 27, 1837

Chicago chartered as a city......March 4, 1837

Corner-stone of State capitol at Springfield laid......July 4, 1837

Rev. Elijah P. Lovejoy, publisher of the Alton Observer, shot dead by a mob at his office......Nov. 7, 1837

First rail on Northern Cross Railroad laid at Meredosia, May 9, and first locomotive in Mississippi Valley put on the track......Nov. 8, 1837

Legislature first meets at Springfield, the new capital: Assembly in the Second

Presbyterian Church, Senate in First Methodist, and the Superior Court in the Episcopal......Dec. 9, 1839

Mormons locate on the east bank of the Mississippi, in Hancock county, and found Nauvoo......1840

Laws passed, “to diminish the State debt and put the State bank into liquidation.” Jan. 24, 1843, and “to reduce the public debt $1,000,000 and put the Bank of Illinois into liquidation” ......1843

Mormon leaders Joe and Hyrum Smith, the former mayor of Nauvoo, imprisoned for treason in levying war against the State by declaring martial law in Nauvoo. and by ordering out the Nauvoo Legion to resist a posse comitatus, assassinated in jail at Carthage by conspirators......June 27, 1844

Two thousand Mormons, the van of the general exodus, cross the Mississippi on the ice......Feb. 15, 1846

Abraham Lincoln elected to Congress......1846

Convention meets at Springfield, June 7, 1847, and completes a constitution, Aug. 31, which is adopted by the people, 59,887 to 15,859, and takes effect......April 1, 1848

Illinois and Michigan Canal, begun in 1836, opened......April 16, 1848

Bloody Island dike built at East St. Louis......1848

Jefferson Davis challenges Col. W. H. Bissell, afterwards governor, to a duel; he accepts the challenge, but the matter is amicably settled......February, 1850

Geological survey authorized by act of......Feb. 17, 1851

Law providing that any negro or mulatto, bond or free, who comes into the State and remains ten days may be fined $50 or sold into slavery until the fine is worked out......Feb. 12, 1853

Act passed incorporating the State Agricultural Society......1853

Illinois Wesleyan University, at Bloomington, chartered and opened......1853

Hon. N. W. Edwards appointed State superintendent of common schools......March 15, 1854

Attempt of Senator Stephen A. Douglas to address the people of Chicago from an open balcony in defence of the Kansas-Nebraska bill is met with hisses, groans, and continued noise for four hours, when Douglas retires......Sept. 1, 1854

Law for a system of free schools in the State......Feb. 15, 1855

Trial of some thirty German saloonkeepers in Chicago for violating the prohibitory liquor law just passed leads to a riot, April 21; city placed under martial law......April 22, 1855

Northwestern University, at Evanston, chartered in 1851, is opened......1855

Illinois State University at Normal opened......1857

Many prisoners from the old penitentiary at Alton removed to the new penitentiary at Joliet......May 22, 1858 [324]

Debate between Lincoln and Douglas throughout the State on slavery

Summer and autumn, 1858

Governor Bissell dies; Lieut.-Gov. John Wood succeeds......March 18, 1860

Abraham Lincoln nominated for President by the Republican National Convention at Chicago......May 16, 1860

Abraham Lincoln inaugurated President......March 4, 1861

General Swift, with six companies and four cannon, leaves Chicago to occupy Cairo, under telegraphic order from the Secretary of War to Governor Yates, of April 19......April 21, 1861

Twenty-one thousand stands of arms seized at the St. Louis arsenal by forces under Captain Stokes, and removed to Alton by boat, thence to Springfield by rail......April 26, 1861

U. S. Grant tenders his services to Governor Yates, and is assigned to command of camps Yates, Grant, and Douglas......April, 1861

Stephen A. Douglas dies at Chicago, aged forty-eight......June 3, 1861

A convention chosen to form a new constitution meets Jan. 7, 1862; assumes legislative powers, ratifies the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, votes $500,000 of State money for the relief of sick and wounded Illinois soldiers, and frames a constitution which was rejected by the people......June, 1862

Arsenal established by act of Congress on Rock Island, where Fort Armstrong was erected in 1816......1863

Chicago Times suppressed for one day by order from General Burnside, No. 84, dated June 1, and revoked......June 4, 1863

Democratic mass convention, 40,000 delegates, held at Springfield......June 17, 1863

Political disturbance at Charleston, Coles county, between citizens attendant upon the circuit court and veterans of the 54th Illinois Regiment; seven lives are lost......March 22, 1864

Discovery of fraudulent reissue of $224,182.66 of ninety days redeemed canal scrip dating back some thirty years, by the use of checks signed in blank at that time. Suspicion points to ex-Governor Matteson, who offers to indemnify the State against loss, Feb. 9, 1859. Other evidences of fraud in office coming to light, under a decree rendered in the Sangamon circuit court against Matteson for $255,500, the State secures $238,000 at a master's sale of the ex-governor's property......April 27, 1864

Democratic National Convention meets at Chicago......Aug. 29, 1864

Plot to liberate Confederate prisoners at Camp Douglas, Chicago, is exposed, and leaders, arrested November, 1864, are tried by court-martial and convicted at Cincinnati......January, 1865

Legislature ratifies the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution and repeals the “black laws” ......1865

Burial of President Lincoln at Springfield......May 4, 1865

Sanitary commission fair at Chicago, $250,000 raised......May, 1865

First post of the Grand Army of the Republic mustered in at Decatur......April 6, 1866

Orville H. Browning appointed Secretary of the Interior......Sept. 1, 1866

Tunnel under Lake Michigan to supply Chicago with water completed; length 2 miles......December, 1866

Law passed abolishing capital punishment......1867

Horace Capron, United States Commissioner of Agriculture......Dec. 4, 1867

University of Illinois at Urbana, chartered 1867, opened......March, 1868

U. S. Grant nominated for President by the Republican National Convention at Chicago......May 20, 1868

Corner-stone of the new capitol at Springfield laid......Oct. 5, 1868

First river-tunnel in this country completed under the Chicago River; 810 feet long......December, 1868

U. S. Grant inaugurated President......March 4, 1869

Legislature ratifies the Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution; vote, in Senate 17 to 7; in House, 52 to 27......March 5, 1869

Elihu B. Washburne appointed Secretary of the Treasury......March 5, 1869

John A. Rawlins appointed Secretary of War......March 11, 1869

Appropriation made by legislature for the Northern Illinois Hospital for the Insane at Elgin......1869

Constitution framed by a convention at Springfield, May, 1870, ratified by the people; 134,227 to 35,443......July 2, 1870 [325]

Remains of President Lincoln transferred from the temporary tomb to the crypt of the monument at Oak Ridge Cemetery......May, 1871

Deepening of the Illinois and Michigan canal to create a current from Lake Michigan to the Illinois River, begun in 1865, is completed......July 18, 1871

Illinois and Michigan Canal turned over to the State......August, 1871

Chicago fire, which burns over 2,124 acres and destroys 17,500 buildings, begins......Oct. 8-9, 1871

New building for the United States marine hospital, established at Chicago, May, 1852, completed......1872

Governor Oglesby, elected United States Senator; Lieut.-Gov. John L. Beveridge succeeds him......March 4, 1873

Northwestern farmers' convention of 150 delegates from Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, New York, and Illinois meets at Chicago......Oct. 22, 1873

Monument to Abraham Lincoln at Oak Ridge, Springfield, dedicated......Oct. 15, 1874

National convention of the Grand Army of the Republic held at Chicago......May 12, 1875

Chicago day-schools for the deaf opened......1875

Lake Forest University, at Lake Forest, opened......1876

Parade of 1,500 armed communists carrying the red flag in Chicago, winter of......1876

State board of health organized......1878

Militia law: entire male population to be enrolled and 8,000 organized and armed; no other military organizations to parade or drill unless licensed......May 28, 1879

Board of fish commissioners created by legislature......1879

Bureau of labor statistics established......1879

Republican National Convention meets at Chicago......June 2, 1880

Greenback National Convention meets at Chicago......June 2, 1880

Robert T. Lincoln, Secretary of War......March 5, 1881

Aurora the first city in the world to light its streets with electricity......1881

Governor Cullom, elected United States Senator, is succeeded by John M. Hamilton......Feb. 7, 1883

Chicago voice and hearing school for the deaf opened at Englewood......1883

Haymarket massacre by anarchists......May 4, 1886

Gen. John A. Logan, United States Senator, dies at Washington......Dec. 26, 1886

Chicago University endowed with $1,600,000 by J. D. Rockefeller, and a gift of land by Marshall Field......1890

Chicago secures the World's Fair, the vote on the site in the House of Representatives being: Chicago, 157; New York, 107; St. Louis, 26; Washington, 18......Feb. 24, 1890

Panic in the Chicago board of trade......April 12, 1890

Constitutional amendment, to permit the city of Chicago to issue 5-per-cent. bonds to $5,000,000 to aid the World's Columbian Exposition, adopted by legislature......July 31, 1890

George R. Davis selected as directorgeneral of the World's Columbian Exposition......Sept. 19, 1890

Gen. John M. Palmer, Democrat, elected United States Senator on the 154th ballot......March 11, 1891

Laws reducing the legal rate of interest from 6 to 5 per cent., and making the first Monday in September (Labor Day) and Feb. 12 (Abraham Lincoln's Birthday) legal holidays, passed at session ending......June 12, 1891

Governor Fifer signs the ballot reform bill......June 23, 1891

First reunion of survivors of the Black Hawk War of 1832 held at Lena; seventeen veterans present......Aug. 28, 1891

Equestrian statue of General Grant unveiled at Chicago......Oct. 7, 1891

World's Fair amendment to State constitution adopted by vote of 500,299 to 15,095......November, 1891

Alien land law pronounced unconstitutional......Dec. 23, 1891

Train of twenty-eight cars containing 12,000 bushels of shelled corn, the contribution of residents of McLean county to the Russian famine sufferers, is made up at Bloomington......March 10, 1892

Eighty square miles of territory inundated by the breaking of a levee on the Mississippi......1892

Democratic National Convention meets at Chicago......June 21, 1892 [326]

University of Chicago opens, without formal ceremony, with 500 students......Oct. 1, 1892

World's Columbian Exposition, preliminary exercises at Chicago; orations by Chauncey M. Depew and Henry Watterson......Oct. 21, 1892

United States Supreme Court affirms the judgment of the United States circuit court adverse to the claims of the Illinois Central Railroad Company to the submerged lands......Dec. 5, 1892

World's Columbian Exposition opened at Chicago......May 1, 1893

A financial panic in Chicago......June 5, 1893

Governor Altgeld pardons the anarchists Fielden, Neebe, and Schwab, serving sentence in the penitentiary for complicity in the Haymarket riot......July 26, 1893

The parliament of religions begins its session at Chicago......Sept. 11, 1893

Chicago Day at the World's Fair; 700,000 persons attend......Oct. 9, 1893

Carter H. Harrison, mayor of Chicago, assassinated......Oct. 28, 1893

World's Columbian Exposition closed......Oct. 30, 1893

Prendergast, the murderer of the mayor of Chicago, hanged......July 13, 1894

World's Columbian Exposition buildings burn; loss, $1,000,000. .Jan. 8, 1894

State fair located permanently at Springfield......Jan. 11, 1894

Riots of striking coal-miners at many places suppressed by State troops, with loss of life......May and June, 1894

Strike of Pullman Palace Car Company's employes at Pullman, near Chicago......May 11, 1894

Democratic State Convention, Springfield, nominates Franklin MacVeagh for United States Senator......June 26, 1894

American Railway Union, on account of Pullman strike, declares boycott on principal railways......June 26, 1894

The United States court issued an injunction to prevent interference with railroad trains by strikers......July 2, 1894

Federal troops ordered to Chicago to execute process of United States courts......July 3, 1894

Governor Altgeld telegraphs President Cleveland protesting against presence of Federal troops in Chicago, and demanding their removal......July 5, 1894

President Cleveland declines to remove troops, declaring “a conspiracy exists against the commerce between the States” ......July 5, 1894

Insurrection of railway strikers in Chicago, 2,000 cars and other railway property being burned, and six persons killed, and Governor Altgeld orders two brigades of State militia to scene of trouble......July 6, 1894

Conflict in Chicago between militia and mob, one killed and forty-nine wounded......July 7, 1894

Martial law in Chicago declared by President Cleveland......July 8, 1894

President E. V. Debs and other officers of American Railway Union arrested for interfering with United States mail......July 10, 1894

Railway strike declared off by President Debs......July 19, 1894

Fire in Chicago, destroying property to the value of $3,000,000..Aug. 1, 1894

Work begins on Hennepin Canal......Aug. 22, 1894

State election carried by Republicans......Nov. 6, 1894

S. M. Cullom re-elected United States Senator......Jan. 22, 1895

Lincoln monument at Springfield conveyed to State by Lincoln Monument Association......May 18, 1895

Dedication of monument to Confederate dead at Oakwood Cemetery, Chicago......May 30, 1895

Eugene V. Debs sentenced to six months imprisonment for rioting......June 2, 1895

Illinois Democrats, assembled in State convention for purpose of considering monetary question, addressed by exCongressman W. J. Bryan, of Nebraska, and declare for free and unlimited coinage of silver at 16 to 1, thus starting free-silver movement......June 5, 1895

Legislature appropriates $25,000 for monument to Elijah P. Lovejoy at Alton......June 17, 1895

Special session of legislature, passing law creating State board of arbitration and other laws......June 25–Aug. 2, 1895

Death of John Dean Caton, justice of Illinois Supreme Court, 1842 to 1864......July 30, 1895

Riot at Spring Valley between Italian and negro miners, with fatal results......Aug. 14, 1895 [327]

First earthquake on record in Chicago......Oct. 31, 1895

Death of Eugene Field, poet, lecturer, and journalist......Nov. 4, 1895

Republican State Convention at Springfield nominates John R. Tanner for governor, and instructs national convention delegates for William McKinley for President......April 29-30, 1896

Illinois State Convention at Peoria renominates John P. Altgeld for governor, and declares for free silver at 16 to 1......June 23, 1896

Death of Lyman Trumbull, justice of the Illinois Supreme Court, 1848-53; United States Senator, 1855-73.......June 25, 1896

National Democratic Convention at Chicago nominates William J. Bryan, of Nebraska, for President......July 10, 1896

Election carried by Republicans by overwhelming majority......Nov. 3, 1896

John R. Tanner (Republican) inaugurated governor of Illinois......Jan. 11, 1897

William E. Mason (Republican) elected United States Senator......Jan. 20, 1897

Passage by legislature of “Allen bill,” relating to street-railway franchises, which became a political issue the following year......June 9, 1897

Strike of coal-miners, affecting all mines in Illinois and other States in bituminous coal region......July 4, 1897

Statue of John A. Logan unveiled at Chicago......July 22, 1897

Death of George M. Pullman, president and founder of Pullman Palace Car Company......Oct. 19, 1897

Francis E. Willard, of the Women's Christian Temperance Union, dies at New York City......Feb. 17, 1898

Break in levee surrounding Shawneetown, on Ohio River, submerges entire city, drowning twenty-four; Governor Tanner sends special train with tents and supplies......April 3, 1898

Body of Miss Frances E. Willard, eminent social reformer and lecturer, cremated in Chicago......April 9, 1898

Wheat speculation engineered by Joseph Leiter collapsed......June 13, 1898

Death of John Moses, historian......July 3, 1898

Chicago daily papers suspend publication on account of a strike......July 25, 1898

Attempt of coal company to land negro miners from Southern States to take the place of striking coal-miners causes bloody fight at Virden; train bearing negroes riddled with bullets; eleven killed, over thirty wounded, several fatally......Oct. 12, 1898

Governor proclaims martial law at Pana on account of disorder growing out of lockout of coal-miners......Nov. 21, 1898

Death of Joseph Medill, distinguished journalist......March 16, 1899

Fight between white and colored miners at Pana; six killed, nine wounded; martial law again declared......April 10, 1899

Death of Richard J. Oglesby, United States Senator, 1873-79, thrice elected governor, distinguished general in Civil War......April 24, 1899

Legislative act appropriating $100,000 to repair and rebuild Lincoln monument approved by governor......April 24, 1899

Fight between white and colored miners at Carterville; six negroes killed......Sept. 17, 1899

President McKinley lays corner-stone of new post-office building, Chicago......Oct. 9, 1899

Water from Lake Michigan turned into Chicago drainage canal......Jan. 2, 1900

Methodist general conference convenes at Chicago......May 2, 1900

Richard Yates nominated for governor by Republican State convention at Peoria, on fortieth anniversary of nomination of his father, Richard Yates, Sr., for same office......May 9, 1900

Democratic State convention at Springfield nominates Samuel Alschuler for governor......June 26, 1900

Grand Army of the Republic meets at Chicago......Aug. 25, 1900

Death of John A. McClernand, of Springfield, distinguished Union general in Civil War......Sept. 20, 1900

Death of John M. Palmer, of Springfield, distinguished general in Civil War, governor, United States Senator, and candidate of National Democratic party in 1896 for President......Sept. 25, 1900

Election carried by Republicans......Nov. 6, 1900

Richard Yates inaugurated governor on fortieth anniversary of inauguration of his father, Richard Yates, Sr., in same office......Jan. 14, 1901 [328]

S. M. Cullom elected United States Senator fourth time......Jan. 22, 1901

Removal of bodies of Abraham Lincoln and members of his family from temporary vault into reconstructed monument at Springfield......April 24, 1901

John R. Tanner, former governor, dies suddenly at Springfield......May 23, 1901

Indian Territory

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Alton (Illinois, United States) (5)
Idaho (Idaho, United States) (4)
Vandalia (Illinois, United States) (3)
Starved Rock (Illinois, United States) (3)
Shawneetown, Ill. (Illinois, United States) (3)
Nebraska (Nebraska, United States) (3)
Nauvoo (Illinois, United States) (3)
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La Salle, Ill. (Illinois, United States) (3)
Indiana (Indiana, United States) (3)
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Utica (New York, United States) (2)
Shoshone (Idaho, United States) (2)
Pana (Illinois, United States) (2)
Oklahoma (Oklahoma, United States) (2)
Iowa (Iowa, United States) (2)
Fort James (Ghana) (2)
Bloomington (Illinois, United States) (2)
Wyoming (Wyoming, United States) (1)
Wisconsin (Wisconsin, United States) (1)
Wisconsin (Wisconsin, United States) (1)
Virden, Macoupin County, Illinois (Illinois, United States) (1)
Utah (Utah, United States) (1)
Urbana (Virginia, United States) (1)
Springfield (Massachusetts, United States) (1)
Spring Valley, N. Y. (New York, United States) (1)
Rock Island, Ill. (Illinois, United States) (1)
Randolph (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Pullman (Illinois, United States) (1)
Peoria Lake (Illinois, United States) (1)
Ottawa, Ill. (Illinois, United States) (1)
Oregon (Oregon, United States) (1)
Ohio (United States) (1)
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Nevada (Nevada, United States) (1)
Moscow, Tenn. (Tennessee, United States) (1)
Montreal (Canada) (1)
Montana (Montana, United States) (1)
Missouri (Missouri, United States) (1)
Mississippi (Mississippi, United States) (1)
Meredosia (Illinois, United States) (1)
McLean (Illinois, United States) (1)
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Lena (Illinois, United States) (1)
Lake Forest (Illinois, United States) (1)
Kentucky (Kentucky, United States) (1)
Joliet (Illinois, United States) (1)
Illinois River (United States) (1)
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Greenville, Tenn. (Tennessee, United States) (1)
Galena (Illinois, United States) (1)
France (France) (1)
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Fort Gage (Illinois, United States) (1)
Evanston (Illinois, United States) (1)
Englewood (New Jersey, United States) (1)
Elgin, Ill. (Illinois, United States) (1)
Edwardsville (Illinois, United States) (1)
East St. Louis (Illinois, United States) (1)
Douglass (Nevada, United States) (1)
Decatur (Illinois, United States) (1)
Charleston, Ill. (Illinois, United States) (1)
Canada (Canada) (1)
Cairo, Ill. (Illinois, United States) (1)
Cahokia (Illinois, United States) (1)
Bloody Island (Missouri, United States) (1)
Apple River (Illinois, United States) (1)

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