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The central gulf State of the United States, has for its southern boundary the Gulf of Mexico, and south of 31° N. it extends from the Sabine River on the west to the Pearl River on the east, about 250 miles. North of lat. 31° N. its eastern boundary is the Mississippi River, which separates it from Mississippi, and the Sabine River and Texas form its western boundary. That portion of the State lying east of the Mississippi River is bounded on the north by the State of Mississippi, and that west of the Mississippi River by Arkansas. Lat. 28° 56' to 33° N., and long. 89° to 94° W. Area, 45,420 square miles, in ninety-nine parishes. Population, 1890, 1,118,587; 1900, 1,381,625. Capital, Baton Rouge. It differs from the other States in that its jurisprudence is based on the Roman or civil law instead of the common law of England, and the counties are called parishes.

Robert Cavalier de la Salle descends the Mississippi to its mouth, names the country Louisiana, and takes possession in the name of the King of France......April 9, 1682

Pierre Le Moyne d'iberville enters the Mississippi......March 2, 1699

D'Iberville, having settled Biloxi, sails for France, leaving his lieutenant, Sauvolle de la Villantry, in command......May 3, 1699

Jean Baptist Le Moyne Bienville (born in Montreal, Feb. 23, 1680), brother of D'Iberville, returning from an expedition north of Lake Pontchartrain, finds an English ship at the mouth of the Mississippi, which sails away after being notified by Bienville that France had taken possession......Sept. 15, 1699

Sauvolle appointed governor of Louisiana......Dec. 7, 1699

D'Iberville returns from France in company with Bienville, and establishes a fort on the Mississippi, where they are visited by the Chevalier de Tonti......Jan. 17, 1700 Sauvolle dying, Bienville succeeds him......Aug. 22, 1701

De Muys, appointed governor-general of Louisiana, dies on his way from France, and Bienville continues in command......1707

King grants to Sieur Antony Crozat exclusive trading rights in Louisiana for ten years......Sept. 14, 1712

Lamothe Cadillac arrives from France as governor, and appoints Bienville lieutenant......May 17, 1713

Bienville makes peace with the Choctaw Indians......1715

Governor Cadillac, in search of silver, goes to the Illinois country and incurs the enmity of the Natchez Indians......1715

Bienville ascends the Mississippi to subject the Natchez, and establishes Fort Rosalie in their country......April, 1716

M. de l'epinay arrives as governor from France......March 9, 1717

Crozat surrenders his trading privilege to the King......Aug. 23, 1717 [360]

Company of the West chartered to foster and preserve the colony......Sept. 6, 1717

Three French vessels arrive with sixty-nine colonists and troops and Bienville's commission as governor of Louisiana......Feb. 9, 1718

Fort Naquitoches on the Red River established by M. Bienville......1718

New Orleans founded by Bienville......1718

Eighty girls from a house of correction in Paris arrive in charge of three Ursuline nuns......February, 1721

Balize or buoy established at the mouth of the Mississippi......1722

Company of Germans, settlers on John Law's grant ( “Law's bubble” ) on the Arkansas River, descend the river to near New Orleans and locate there......1722

Seat of government removed to New Orleans......1723

Black code for punishing slaves promulgated by Bienville......1724

Bienville recalled to France; Perier becomes commander-general......Aug. 9, 1726

Some Jesuits and Ursuline nuns arrive at New Orleans, and a nunnery is erected......1727

Arrival of a cargo of girls sent from France by the company, each provided with a small casket of wearing apparel......1728

[Known as “Filles à la Cassette,” or casket girls.]

Chevalier Loubois, with allied French and Choctaws, advances against Natchez Indians, who had massacred the garrison of Fort Rosalie and occupied it; the Indians desert the fort and 200 prisoners in it......January, 1730

M. Perier makes another expedition against the Natchez and secures their chief, Great Sun, and others......Jan. 24, 1731

[Great Sun died a prisoner, the others were sold as slaves to St. Domingo.]

Company of the West surrenders its charter to the King......Jan. 23, 1731

Superior council of Louisiana reorganized by letters patent; Perier continued in office......May 7, 1732

Settlement at Baton Rouge......1733

Bienville reappointed governor......1733

Bienville repulsed in an expedition against the Chickasaw Indians......May 26, 1736

Second expedition of Bienville against the Chickasaws, who sue for peace......1740

Marquis de Vaudreuil appointed governor; Bienville returns to France......May 10, 1743

Marquis de Vaudreuil marches against the Chickasaws; unable to take their towns, he garrisons the fort on the Tombigbee erected by Bienville, and returns to New Orleans......1753

Louis Billouart, Chevalier de Kerlerec, succeeds Vaudreuil, who was appointed governor of Canada......Feb. 9, 1754

First arrival of Acadians at New Orleans; they are sent to Attakapas and Opelousas......1756

M. Dubreuil erects a sugar-mill in New Orleans (cane-growing having been started by the Jesuits in 1751)......1758

Garrison of Fort Du Quesne flee towards New Orleans, evacuating and setting fire to the fort......Nov. 24, 1758

France cedes Louisiana to Spain, and to England all east of the Mississippi River except the island of New Orleans, and makes the Mississippi free to both nations......Nov. 3, 1762

Kerlerec succeeded by D'Abadie as director-general, who arrives at New Orleans......June 29, 1763

Delegates from all parts of the parish at New Orleans elect Jean Milhet to petition the King that the province be not severed from France......1763

English troops occupy Baton Rouge......February, 1764

Nyon de Villiers, who was in command, abandons the Illinois district and reaches New Orleans......July 2, 1764

D'Abadie dies and is succeeded by Aubrey......Feb. 4, 1765

Large colony of Acadians from Maine arrive......February, 1766

Antonio d'ulloa lands at New Orleans with civil officers and soldiers to take possession of the province......March 5, 1766

Decree dictated by Ulloa and proclaimed by Aubrey that all captains of vessels from France or Santo Domingo report to Ulloa on arrival with bills of lading and passports, and that the agents for sale of cargo submit to competent examiners the prices they propose to sell at, subject to reduction by the examiners if too high......Sept. 6, 1766 [361]

An address to the superior council signed by nearly 600 men claims freedom of commerce with the ports of France and America, and demands the expulsion of Ulloa; it was adopted by the council......Oct. 25, 1768

Ulloa, enjoined to leave the city, flees to Havana. The French flag is displayed, Aubrey and Foucault (a leader in the revolution) are summoned to govern the colony as before, and the people institute a republic......Oct. 29, 1768

Don Alexander O'Reilly, captain-general, lands at the Balize, and demands the government in the name of Spain......July 28, 1769

O'Reilly, with twenty-four Spanish vessels, appears before New Orleans, lands 2,600 Spanish troops, and assumes possession of Louisiana......Aug. 18, 1769

Nine leaders of the revolution arrested and brought before General O'Reilly; commissary Foucault sent to France and thrown into the Bastile......Aug. 21, 1769

Six leaders of the revolution are imprisoned, and six sentenced to be hanged are shot, no hangman being found......Oct. 25, 1769

O'Reilly abolishes by proclamation the superior council, and substitutes a cabildo of six perpetual regidors, two ordinary alcaldes, and an attorney-general syndic over which the governor presides......Nov. 25, 1769

Black code re-enacted by proclamation of O'Reilly......1770

O'Reilly delivers up the government to Don Luis de Unzaga......Oct. 29, 1770

Unzaga appointed captain-general of Caracas, Don Bernardo de Galvez assumes the government......Feb. 1, 1777

Galvez by proclamation grants privilege of trading with any part of the United States......April 20, 1778

Settlement called New Iberia on the Bayou Teche by about 500 immigrants from Canary Islands......January, 1779

Galvez captures Baton Rouge from the British......Sept. 21, 1779

Galvez moves against Fort Charlotte on the Mobile River and captures it......March 14, 1780

John James Audubon born at New Orleans......May 4, 1780

Galvez invests Pensacola, which capitulates......May 9, 1781

Treaty of peace at Paris between Great Britain, Spain, and the United States......Sept. 3, 1783

Galvez succeeds his father in the viceroyalty of Mexico in 1785; Don Estevan Miro acts in his place and receives his commission as governor......June 2, 1786

Gen. James Wilkinson reaches New Orleans in June with a small cargo of tobacco and other goods. Perhaps to advance mercantile schemes he has interviews with Governor Miro and professes accord with him in seeking a rupture between the western and eastern United States, and increase of Spanish power in America. He returns to Philadelphia......September, 1787

Settlers from western North Carolina arrive, after failure to erect the State of Frankland......March, 1789

French refugees from Santo Domingo reach New Orleans, and a few of them open the first regular theatre in the city......1791

Don Francois Louis Hector, Baron de Carondelet, succeeds Miro as governor and intendant of Louisiana......January, 1792

Publication of the first newspaper in Louisiana, Le Moniteur de la Louisiane......1794

Genet, the French ambassador to the United States, plans an expedition against the Spanish dominions, and a society of French Jacobins in Philadelphia addresses an inflammatory circular to the French in Louisiana......1794

“Canal Carondelet,” from New Orleans to Lake Pontchartrain, projected, begun, and abandoned by Governor Perier in 1727; recommenced and completed......1795

Étienne de Bore succeeds in producing sugar from cane, beginning a new industry......1795

By treaty Spain grants the United States “the right to deposit their merchandise and effects at New Orleans for the space of three years, and at the end of that time to continue, or an equivalent establishment to be assigned at some other point on the Mississippi River” ......Oct. 27, 1795

Spanish commissioner Don Manuel Gayoso de Lemos, and United States commissioner Andrew Ellicott, meet at [362] Natchez to define the boundary between Spanish and United States possessions......Feb. 24, 1797

Carondelet refuses to surrender the posts on the Mississippi, hoping for a separation of the western United States from the eastern......1797

Carondelet appointed governor of the Mexican provinces; Don Manuel Gayoso de Lemos succeeds in Louisiana......Aug. 1, 1797

Don Juan Ventura Morales, Spanish intendant, refuses a place of deposit to United States citizens in New Orleans......1799

On the death of Gayoso the Marquis de Casa-Calvo succeeds as governor, and Don Ramon de Lopez y Angullo as intendant of Louisiana......July 18, 1799

By a secret treaty at St. Ildefonso the King of Spain retrocedes Louisiana to France......Oct. 1, 1800

Treaty at Madrid confirms treaty of St. Ildefonso......March 21, 1801

Right of deposit restored to the people of the United States......1801

Don Juan Manuel de Salcedo arrives as governor of Louisiana and Florida, Morales succeeds Lopez as intendant......June 15, 1801

By proclamation of Morales, citizens of United States are refused deposit in New Orleans, and importation in American bottoms is prohibited......October, 1802

Morales, fearing famine in the province, disregards his regulation and annuls the prohibition......1803

Laussat, the prefect appointed by Napoleon, arrives at New Orleans......March 26, 1803

By treaty at Paris, Napoleon cedes Louisiana to the United States for 60,000,000 francs......April 30, 1803

Casa-Calvo and Salcedo, Spanish commissioners, present the keys of New Orleans to citizen Laussat, who takes possession of Louisiana in the name of France......Nov. 30, 1803

Gen. James Wilkinson encamps on the Mississippi near New Orleans, and the Spanish troops sail for Havana......Dec. 18, 1803

Citizen Laussat as commissioner for France delivers New Orleans to General Wilkinson and W. C. C. Claiborne as commissioners for the United States, leaving left bank of Lakes Borgne and Pontchartrain to the Spanish......Dec. 20, 1803

Congress divides Louisiana into a southern territory of Orleans and a northern district of Louisiana......March 26, 1804

Territorial government in Orleans begins: William C. C. Claiborne governor......Oct. 1, 1804

Vessel bringing nearly 200 French prisoners of the British government, who had captured the ship, Governor Claiborne refuses to allow it to ascend the river; the French desert the ship, which is seized by the United States marshal at request of British claimants......Nov. 3, 1804 New Orleans chartered as a city..1804

Territorial government giving the people no power, the “merchants, planters, and other inhabitants of Louisiana” petition Congress, declaring its organization oppressive and degrading......Jan. 4, 1805

Congress provides for a government of the Territory of Orleans in all respects like that of Mississippi Territory, except as to the descent and distribution of estates and the prohibition of slavery......March 2, 1805

Col. Aaron Burr arrives in New Orleans, to remain ten or twelve days......June 26, 1805

Governor Claiborne orders the Marquis of Casa-Calvo and the intendant Morales out of the country, and a source of great anxiety is removed......July, 1806

Territorial legislature meets......March 24, 1806

General Wilkinson, at St. Louis, receiving a confidential letter from Aaron Burr, denounces him in a message to Washington; Nov. 27, 1806, President Jefferson by proclamation makes known the traitorous enterprise; Oct. 29, Wilkinson, by message to the Spanish commander-in-chief, proposes the withdrawal of troops of both governments from advanced positions to Nacogdoches and Natchitoches respectively, which was agreed to; General Wilkinson reaches New Orleans......Nov. 25, 1806

Arrest in New Orleans of several men charged with abetting Burr's treason......December, 1806

Digest of civil law adopted, legislature adjourned......March 31, 1808 [363]

General Wilkinson, ordered to New Orleans with troops, arrives April 19. He is afterwards relieved by Wade Hampton......1809

Citizens of Baton Rouge territory attack the reduced garrison of the fort at Baton Rouge, and in the skirmish the Spanish Governor Grandpe is shot, and the garrison capitulates......September, 1810

Convention of the people of Baton Rouge territory at St. Francisville frame a constitution, elect a governor, and establish the independent Territory of west Florida......Sept. 29, 1810

Under proclamation of the President, Governor Claiborne takes possession of west Florida, and annexes it to the Territory of Orleans......Dec. 7, 1810

An insurrection of slaves in the parish of St. John is suppressed after sixty or more are killed. The heads of sixteen who were captured and executed were set on poles along the river as a warning......January, 1811

Act to enable the people of Orleans to form a State government signed by President Madison......Feb. 20, 1811

Exclusive grant by legislature to Livingston and Fulton to build steamboats for eighteen years from Jan. 1, 1812......1811

Arrival from Pittsburg of first steamvessel on the Mississippi......Jan. 10, 1812

Constitutional convention at New Orleans adjourns......Jan. 22, 1812

Congress admits Louisiana as a State......April 8, 1812

Congress extends the limits of Louisiana to include all between the Mississippi and Pearl rivers south of lat. 31° N.......April 14, 1812

First session of State legislature at New Orleans......June, 1812

General Wilkinson resumes command in Louisiana and arrives at New Orleans......June 8, 1812

W. C. C. Claiborne elected governor......Aug. 19, 1812

General Wilkinson superseded by General Flournoy......June, 1813

Colonel Nicholas (British) by proclamation incites people of Louisiana and Kentucky to revolt......Aug. 29, 1814

Barataria Island occupied by pirates under Jean Lafitte; the British under Sir William H. Percy invite them to hostility against the United States; Lafitte refuses......Aug. 30, 1814

Citizens of New Orleans and vicinity meet, pass resolutions of loyalty, and address the people......Sept. 15, 1814

Flotilla sails from New Orleans against the pirates, who prepare to resist, but abandon nine ships to the Americans......Sept. 18, 1814

General Jackson arrives at New Orleans......Dec. 2, 1814

British threaten New Orleans and capture gunboats under Lieut. Thos. A. C. Jones......Dec. 14, 1814

Battle at Villereas plantation, 12 miles from New Orleans; the English advance repulsed by General Jackson......Dec. 23, 1814

Battle at Chalmette's plantation; British repulsed......Dec. 28, 1814

Battle at Rodriguez Canal......Jan. 1, 1815 Battle of New Orleans....Jan. 8, 1815

Unsuccessful attack on Fort St. Philip by the British......Jan. 9-18, 1815

British General Lambert abandons expedition against New Orleans......Jan. 19, 1815

General Jackson orders all French subjects having certificates of discharge to return to the interior, Feb. 28. Has Louallier arrested as a spy; Hall, as abetting a mutiny in granting a habeas corpus for Louallier; arrests Hollander; releases all three; and for high-handed methods is tried and fined $1,000......1815

Frederic Tudor ships ice to New Orleans from Boston......1820

Thomas B. Robertson elected governor......1820

Governor Robertson resigning to become judge of United States district court, President Thibodeaux of the Senate acts as governor until inauguration of Governor-elect Henry Johnson......December, 1824

Visit of Lafayette; the legislature appropriates $15,000 for his entertainment......1825

Legislature grants $10,000 to Thomas Jefferson Randolph for the family of Thomas Jefferson, as a mark of gratitude from Louisiana......March 16, 1827

Seat of government removed from New Orleans to Donaldsonville......1829

Provision for running boundary-line [364] between Louisiana and Arkansas Territory under act of Congress......1830

New Orleans again made the seat of government......Jan. 8, 1831

Pontchartrain Railroad, 4 1/2 miles long, opened for traffic......April, 1831

Branch mint at New Orleans receives first bullion......March 8, 1838

During this and the two previous years Louisiana furnished 1,179 volunteers in the Florida war......1838

New constitution adopted in convention......May 14, 1845

Legislature meets in new State-house at Baton Rouge......Jan. 21, 1850

Steamer Pampero, with 500 men under Lopez, for expedition against Cuba, leaves New Orleans......Aug. 3, 1851

Riot because of Cuban expedition in New Orleans; office of Spanish paper La Patria destroyed......Aug. 21, 1851

Convention to revise constitution meets at Baton Rouge......July 5, 1852

University of Louisiana chartered......1853

Commercial convention of Southern and Southwestern States meets at New Orleans......Jan. 8, 1855

William Walker, with his expedition, leaves New Orleans, ostensibly for Mobile, but really for Nicaragua, eluding the United States authorities......Nov. 11, 1857

Walker surrenders to Com. Hiram Paulding; indignation meetings at New Orleans, Mobile, and other Southern cities......Dec. 8, 1857

Political disturbance in New Orleans; 500 men as a vigilance committee seize the court-house and State arsenal; Knownothing party occupy Lafayette Square......June 4-5, 1858

Legislature in extra session provides for a State convention and votes $500,000 to organize military companies; Wirt Adams, commissioner from Mississippi, asks the legislature to join in secession......December, 1860

Immense popular meeting in New Orleans on announcement of the secession of South Carolina......Dec. 21, 1860

Mass-meeting held at New Orleans to ratify “Southern rights” nominations for the convention......Dec. 25, 1860

Seizure by Confederates of forts St. Philip, Jackson, and Livingston, arsenal at Baton Rouge, and United States revenuecutter Lewis Cass .....Jan. 10-13, 1861

Ordinance of secession adopted in convention, yeas 113, nays 17......Jan. 26, 1861

Mint and custom-house in New Orleans seized by Confederates......Jan. 31, 1861

Convention to join Southern Confederacy; State flag adopted, a red ground, crossed by bars of blue and white and bearing a single star of pale yellow......Feb. 4, 1861

Louisiana ratifies the Confederate constitution......March 22, 1861

Louisiana raises 3,000 Confederate troops, and at call of Governor Moore 3,000 additional......April 24, 1861

First gun cast for Confederate navy at Phoenix Iron Works at Gretna, near New Orleans......May 4, 1861

Port of New Orleans blockaded by United States sloop-of-war Brooklyn; Ship Island occupied by Union troops......1861

Banks of New Orleans suspend specie payments......Sept. 18, 1861

Confederate martial law instituted in New Orleans......Oct. 11, 1861

Federal steamship Richmond, under John Pope, while coaling near New Orleans, is struck by a Confederate ram......Oct. 12, 1861

State casts its electoral vote for Jefferson Davis as president of the Confederate States......Feb. 19, 1862

Admiral Farragut passes forts Jackson and Philip with his fleet, morning......April 24, 1862

Surrender of New Orleans to Admiral Farragut......April 25, 1862

Capture of forts Jackson and Philip by the Federals......April 28, 1862

Confederate capital transferred to Opelousas......April, 1862

Maj.-Gen. Benjamin F. Butler takes possession of New Orleans......May 1, 1862

Baton Rouge occupied by Federals......May 27, 1862

William B. Mumford, for taking down the United States flag from the United States mint after the surrender of the city to Admiral Farragut, hanged at New Orleans by order of General Butler......June 7, 1862

Federal troops in Baton Rouge, besieged by Confederates, Aug. 5, evacuate by order from General Butler......Aug. 16, 1862

Brig.-Gen. Geo. F. Shepley military governor of Louisiana......Aug. 21, 1862 [365] General Grover occupies Baton Rouge......Dec. 16, 1862

Maj.-Gen. N. P. Banks relieves General Butler......Dec. 16, 1862

Election held by order of President Lincoln; Messrs. Hahn and Flanders chosen to Congress; they take seats, Feb. 9, 1863, and occupy them until......March 3, 1863

Henry W. Allen chosen governor by Confederates; seat of government at Shreveport......1863

Michael Hahn chosen governor at Federal election in New Orleans and vicinity......Feb. 22, 1864

Governor Hahn appointed military governor by the President......March 15, 1864

Convention at New Orleans to revise the constitution......April 6, 1864

Bureau of free labor, predecessor of the Freedmen's bureau, opened at New Orleans......1865

Governor Hahn resigning, is succeeded by Lieut.-Gov. J. M. Welles......March 4, 1865

Confederate Governor Allen resigns......June 2, 1865

Governor Welles re-elected......Nov. 6, 1865

[This government, though never recognized by Congress, continued until March, 1867.]

Constitution of 1864 left the negroes still disfranchised; a convention, chiefly of blacks who wished to frame a new constitution, meets in New Orleans and results in a riot; several hundred negroes killed......July 30, 1866

Congress passes the military reconstruction act......March 2, 1867

General Sheridan appointed commander of the 5th Military District, Louisiana and Texas......March 19, 1867

General Sheridan removes Governor Wells “for making himself an impediment to the faithful execution of the reconstruction act,” and substitutes Thomas J. Durant, who declines, and Benjamin F. Flanders is appointed......June 8, 1867

Sheridan relieved and General Hancock appointed......Aug. 17, 1867

Constitutional convention at New Orleans adopts a constitution prohibiting slavery, declaring the ordinance of secession null, and wholly disfranchising exConfederates......Nov. 22, 1867

General Hancock relieved by General Buchanan as commander of the 5th Military District......March 18, 1868

State election; new constitution ratified, and Henry C. Warmouth elected governor......April 18, 1868

Congress readmits the Southern States......June 25, 1868

Fourteenth Amendment adopted by the legislature......July, 1868

Numerous political and color riots occur in New Orleans, Opelousas, and other portions of the State during the year ......1868

Passage of social equality bill, giving all persons, without regard to color or previous condition, equal privileges in public conveyances or places of public resort......Jan. 4, 1869

Fifteenth Amendment ratified by Senate, Feb. 27, and by House......March 1, 1869

Crescent City Live-stock and Slaughter-house Company,” a monopoly in New Orleans which excited opposition, and was finally declared unconstitutional and restrained by perpetual injunction, was created by the legislature and went into operation......June 1, 1869

Legislature grants to the New Orleans, Mobile, and Chattanooga Railway Company $3,000,000 in 8-per-cent. State bonds, payable in four instalments......Feb. 21, 1870

Legislature unites Jefferson City and Algiers with New Orleans under one charter......1870

George M. Wickliffe, State auditor, impeached and convicted of extortion and fraud......March 3, 1870

A political contest between two factions of the Republican party. The State central committee — S. B. Packard, United States marshal at the head—call a convention to choose a State committee. The opposition, under Lieut.-Gov. Oscar J. Dunn (colored), meet in the custom-house. Governor Warmouth and P. B. S. Pinchback (colored) are refused admission, and the Warmouthites meet in Turner's Hall......Aug. 8, 1871

On the death of Lieutenant-Governor Dunn, the election of P. B. S. Pinchback by the Senate in extra session is claimed as unconstitutional by the opposition, led by George W. Carter, speaker of the House, and known as “Carterites” ......Nov. 22, 1871

Warmouth legislature meets at Mechanics' Institute; the Carterites over the [366] “Gem saloon,” on Royal Street, Jan. 6. Colonel Carter, by proclamation, proposes to seize the Mechanics' Institute building, and appears before it with several thousand men, but is prevented by General Emory......Jan. 22, 1872

In extra session the House, in the absence of Colonel Carter, declares the speaker's chair vacant, chooses O. H. Brewster speaker, and approves the course of Governor Warmouth......1872

Act passed funding the indebtedness of the State......April 30, 1872

Conventions of the two wings of the Republican party at Baton Rouge, headed respectively by Packard and Pinchback. The Packard convention nominates William Pitt Kellogg for governor......June 19, 1872

Adjourned meeting of the Pinchback convention nominates P. B. S. Pinchback for governor......Aug. 9, 1872

Fusion of two wings of the Republican party by the State central committee nominates Kellogg for governor and Pinchback for Congressman-at-large......1872

Judge Durell, in December, declares Kellogg elected governor at election held......Nov. 4, 1872

“Fusion legislature” in the City Hall, New Orleans, impeaches and suspends Governor Warmouth......Dec. 11, 1872

Inauguration of Kellogg as governor, also of John McEnery, nominee of the Democratic reformers and liberals......Jan. 14, 1873

Members of McEnery legislature seized and marched to the guard-house by armed police......M arch 6, 1873

People submit to the Kellogg government “at the point of the bayonet,” as many express it. People's convention at New Orleans......Nov. 24, 1873

Crescent City White League formed, “to assist in restoring an honest and intelligent government to the State of Louisiana” ......1874

Six Republican officials, arrested near Ooushatta, in Red River parish, while being taken to Shreveport, are shot......Aug. 30, 1874

People send a committee to demand the abdication of Kellogg, and the McEnery faction, 10,000 strong, led by D. B. Penn, lieutenant-governor, appear before the State-house; a conflict takes place between the insurgents and police, the Statehouse is captured, and members of the McEnery legislature installed......Sept. 14, 1874

McEnery and Penn surrender the State buildings without resistance to General Brooke......Sept. 17, 1874

General Brooke appointed military governor, and Governor Kellogg resumes his duties......Sept. 19, 1874

Legislature meets and United States troops are called in to quell disturbance; great excitement throughout the United States......Jan. 8, 1875

Claims of the several candidates are submitted to a congressional committee or board of arbitration, in which William A. Wheeler is prominent, and the socalled “Wheeler adjustment” is agreed to......April 14, 1875

Immigration convention held in the chamber of commerce, New Orleans, comprising delegates from the Southern and Western States......March 1-2, 1876

At election held this day both Republican and Democratic parties claim the victory......Nov. 6, 1876

S. B. Packard, Republican, inaugurated governor at the State-house, New Orleans. Francis T. Nicholls, Democrat, inaugurated at St. Patrick's Hall, New Orleans, and both legislatures meet......Jan. 8, 1877

Courts, police stations, and arsenal at New Orleans are peaceably surrendered to the Nicholls authorities......Jan. 9, 1877

Packard failing to receive aid from the United States government, and a commission appointed by President Hayes to investigate the political situation in Louisiana reporting public sentiment in favor of the Nicholls government, the Packard legislature is dispersed......April 21, 1877

Nicholls government occupies Statehouse......April 24, 1877

Legislature, by concurrent resolution, directs Senators and Congressmen to use every effort to secure the passage of the Bland silver bill and of the bill to repeal the so-called resumption act introduced in the Senate......Jan. 19, 1878

Political disturbance in Tensas and Concordia parishes, resulting in killing a man named Peck, and the wounding by his companions of three colored men; investigated by Congress......1878

By act of Congress, March 3, 1875, a [367] contract was made with Capt. James Buchanan Eads for the construction of jettywork at the mouth of the South Pass in the Mississippi River, to secure and maintain a navigable channel 200 feet wide and 20 feet deep. Captain Eads's work has already resulted in a clear channel of the required width and deeper than the 20 feet specified......1878

Constitutional convention at New Orleans frames a constitution. Capital changed from New Orleans to Baton Rouge......April 21, 1879

Louis A. Wiltz, Democrat, elected governor, and the new constitution ratified by the people......Dec. 8, 1879

Debt ordinance, fixing the interest on consolidated State bonds at 2 1/2 per cent. for five years, 3 per cent. for fifteen years, and 4 per cent. thereafter, and limit of State tax fixed at 6 mills, ratified by the people at the election......Dec. 8, 1879

Bureau of agriculture and immigration created......Jan. 14, 1880

Board of liquidation appointed in New Orleans to retire all the valid debt of the city, a total of $17,736,508.96, exchanging it for 4-per-cent. bonds payable in fifty years......1880

University for the higher education of colored boys opens......1880

Death of Governor Wiltz, Lieutenant-Governor McEnery succeeds......Oct. 17, 1881

Suit begun against Louisiana by New York and New Hampshire on coupons on Louisiana State bonds transferred to these States by the holders thereof......1881

Two hundredth anniversary of the discovery of the mouths of the Mississippi by La Salle......April 10, 1882

Chief-Justice Waite renders his decision in the New York and New Hampshire suits against Louisiana, that “one State cannot create a controversy with another State within the meaning of that term as used in the judicial clauses of the Constitution, by assuming the prosecution of debts owing by other States to its citizens” ......March 5, 1883

Levee convention held at Baton Rouge, recommending placing the entire convict force at work on the levees......June 19, 1883

World's industrial and cotton centennial exposition held at New Orleans......1885

First Prohibition convention ever held in Louisiana meets at Shreveport......Aug. 19, 1885

North, Central, and South American exposition opens......Nov. 10, 1885

Legislature grants relief to wounded and disabled Confederate soldiers of the State, and to the widows of the Confederate soldiers killed or wounded in the war......1886

Charter of the Louisiana State lottery expiring in 1894, the anti-lottery people, in convention at New Orleans, found an anti-lottery league to oppose its renewal......Feb. 28, 1890

Louisiana Lottery Company offers the State $1,000,000 per year, double its former offer, for the privilege of maintaining a lottery......May 13, 1890

House of Delegates passes a bill amending the State constitution, by granting a recharter to the Louisiana State Lottery Company for twenty-five years for $1,000,000 per annum......June 25, 1890

State legislature settles the lottery question conditionally by accepting $1,250,000 per year for the lottery privilege......July 1, 1890

Governor Nicholls vetoes the lottery bill......July 7, 1890

Anti-lottery league meets in New Orleans, 500 delegates......Aug. 7, 1890

Chief of Police David C. Hennessy, of New Orleans, is waylaid and killed by Italian “Mafia,” to whose band he had traced a number of crimes, night of......Oct. 15, 1890

Killing in the parish prison at New Orleans of eleven Italians......March 14, 1891

Officers of the Louisiana lottery indieted by the grand jury in Sioux Falls, N. D., under United States laws......Oct. 23, 1891

John A. Morris, in a letter, withdraws his proposition for the renewal of the charter of the Louisiana lottery......Feb. 4, 1892

Convention of United Confederate Veterans meets at New Orleans......April 8, 1892

Proposed constitutional amendment to continue the Louisiana State lottery for twenty-five years from Jan. 1, 1894, is rejected by vote at State election......April 19, 1892

Monument erected to David C. Hennessy (assassinated by Mafia in 1890) by the [368] people of New Orleans, is unveiled at Metarie Cemetery......May 30, 1892

Nicaragua Canal convention opens in New Orleans; delegates from every State and Territory......Nov. 30, 1892

United States Senator Randall L. Gibson dies at Hot Springs, Ark.......Dec. 15, 1892

Donaldson Caffrey appointed by Governor Foster United States Senator to fill unexpired term......Dec. 31, 1892

Gen. P. G. T. Beaurgeard dies at New Orleans, aged seventy-five years......Feb. 20, 1893

Destructive cyclone along the Gulf of Mexico; over 2,000 lives lost......Oct. 2, 1893

United States Senator Edward D. White appointed associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States......Feb. 19, 1894

Newton C. Blanchard, member of Congress, appointed Senator by Governor Foster to fill the unexpired term of White......March 7, 1894

Ex-Gov. J. Madison Wells dies at Lecompte, La......Feb. 28, 1899

Five Italians lynched at Tallulah, La., for murder of Dr. J. F. Hodge......July 20, 1899

Constitutional amendment authorizing $75,000 annually for Confederate pensions adopted......November, 1900

Constitutional amendment enabling New Orleans to issue bonds for water, sewerage, and drainage adopted......November, 1900

St. Charles College at Grand Coteau destroyed by fire......Feb. 17, 1900

Conflict between police and negroes in New Orleans; fourteen persons killed, thirty seriously injured......July, 1900

The leasing of convicts to private contractors stopped......March 3, 1901


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