This text is part of:
Table of Contents:
6% of the text is displayed below. If you wish to view the entire text, please click here
New England and one of the original thirteen United States. It lies for the most part between 40° and 42° 45′ N. lat., and 70° 30′ and 73° 30′ W. long. The States of Vermont and New Hampshire lie immediately on the north; on the east lies the Atlantic Ocean, giving it a sea-frontage of about 250 miles; to the south lie the Atlantic Ocean and the States of Rhode Island and Connecticut. Immediately on its western boundaries lie Rhode Island, New York, and New Hampshire. It extends east and west 190 miles, and 50 miles north and south, with a projection at the southeast, and a lesser one at the northeast, that increases the breadth to about 110 miles. Area, 8,315 square miles, in fourteen counties. Population, 1890, 2,238,943; 1900, 2,805,346. Capital, Boston. Capt. Bartholomew Gosnold, sailing from Falmouth, England, after a passage of forty-nine days, discovers land in lat. 43° 30′ N......May 14, 1602 He discovers a “mighty headland,” which, from the quantity of codfish caught in the vicinity, is called Cape Cod; the voyagers land; this is the first spot upon which the first known English discoverers of Massachusetts set foot......May 15, 1602 Martin Pring, in the Speedwell, of sixty tons, and William Browne, in the Discoverer, of twenty-six tons, make discoveries along the New England coast......1603 Capt. George Weymouth, with twenty-eight men, in the Archangel, explores the coast of Massachusetts and Maine, also the Penobscot and Kennebec rivers......1605 Henry Hudson discovers the Hudson River......1609 Capt. John Smith explores the coast from the Penobscot River to Cape Cod, and names the country New England......1614 Capt. John Smith publishes his Description of New England, to invite permanent settlements there......1616 A disease among the Indians nearly depopulates the New England coast......1616-18 “Great patent of New England” passes the seals......Nov. 3, 1620 [This patent, which has scarcely a parallel in the history of the world, covered a territory extending from 40° to 48° of north latitude, and in length from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.] Speedwell, of sixty tons, is purchased in Holland to take part of the English emigrants there to England, and thence across the Atlantic......1620 Leaves Delft, Holland, for Southampton, England......July 22, 1620 Is found to be unfitted for a voyage across the Atlantic and is dismissed......Aug. 21, 1620 Mayflower sails from Plymouth Harbor, having on board 101 passengers......Sept. 6, 1620 After a stormy passage of sixty-three days sights the cliffs of Cape Cod and comes to anchor in Cape Cod Harbor......Nov. 9, 1620 Peregrine White born on board the Mayflower in Cape Cod Harbor. The first white child born in New England......November, 1620 Mayflower sails from Cape Cod Dec. 15, and anchors at Plymouth......Dec. 16, 1620 First death at Plymouth, Richard Butteridge......Dec. 21, 1620 Passengers leave the ship and land at Plymouth Rock......Dec. 21, 1620 Storehouse erected at Plymouth, 20 feet square with a thatched roof......Dec. 24-30, 1620 Colony begins to erect separate houses......Jan. 9, 1621 Storehouse takes fire and nearly burns down......Jan. 14, 1621 Mrs. Rose Standish, the wife of Miles Standish, dies......Jan. 29, 1621 Miles Standish made captain with military authority......Feb. 17, 1621 William White dies......Feb. 21, 1621  Samoset, the first Indian to visit the colony, saying, “Welcome, Englishmen!” ......March 16, 1621 Massasoit, the grand sachem of the Wampanoags, with about sixty of his warriors, visits the colony......March 22, 1621 Treaty between the colony and Massasoit, which is faithfully observed for fifty-five years......March 22, 1621 John Carver unanimously confirmed as governor of the colony for the new civil year......March 23, 1621 Forty-four deaths in the colony in four months to......April 1, 1621 Mayflower sails for England on her return voyage......April 5, 1621 Governor Carver dies......April 5, 1621 William Bradford elected governor, Isaac Allerton deputy......1621 Susanna, the widow of William White, marries Edward Winslow, the first marriage in the colony......May 12, 1621 Twenty acres of Indian corn and beans are planted and six acres of barley and pease by the colony in the spring of......1621 First duel in New England was fought between Edward Dotey and Edward Leister, servants of Stephen Hopkins, with sword and dagger; they were sentenced to have their head and heels tied together, and thus remain for twenty-four hours without food or drink; after an hour's endurance they were relieved on promises and pleadings......June 18, 1621 First Thanksgiving in the colony......September, 1621 Village of Plymouth contains at this time seven dwelling-houses and four other buildings......September, 1621 Capt. Miles Standish, with nine Plymouth colonists and three Indians, explores the country about Massachusetts Bay......October, 1621 Fortune, a vessel of fifty-five tons, bringing thirty-six passengers, arrives at Plymouth......Nov. 11, 1621 The same vessel, laden with beaver and other skins and lumber, valued at $2,400, the first remittance from New Plymouth, sails on her return voyage......Dec. 3, 1621
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.
An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.