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Young, Brigham 1801-1877

Mormon president; born in Whitingham, Vt., June 1, 1801; joined the Mormons at Kirtland, O., in 1832, and by shrewdness and energy soon became influential among them. He was appointed one of the “apostles” sent out in 1835 to make converts; and on the death of Joseph Smith, the founder of the Mormon Church, in 1844, became its president, prophet, and high-priest. Informing his followers that the region [489]

Scene in the Yosemite Valley.

of the Great Salt Lake, in mid-continent, was the promised land of the Mormons, they abandoned Nauvoo in 1846, after being cannonaded by exasperated citizens of that region. The following year Brigham Young led a few persons to Great Salt Lake Valley, and in May, 1848, the great body of the Mormons arrived there and founded Salt Lake City. Appointed the first territorial governor of Utah, he [490]

Brigham young.

assumed a political independence which was offensive to the United States government, and from time to time he gave the government much trouble. In 1856 President Buchanan sent out a military force of 2,500 men to enforce its authority. A compromise ended the disturbance. Young had twelve actual wives, besides many who were sealed to him as “spiritual wives.” He died in Salt Lake City, Aug. 29, 1877. See Mormons.

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