The following is a memorandum of the known likenesses of Sumner
arranged as nearly as may be in chronological order:—
1. The earliest representation of any kind is Crawford
's bust, taken at Rome
in 1839, now in the Boston
Art Museum (ante
II. pp. 94, 265).
2. Crayon drawing, by Eastman Johnson
in 1846, belonging to the Longfellow
family, and engraved for this Memoir (vol.
II.). It is held by the artist to have been a good likeness at the tine, but others express a doubt.
3. Crayon, by W. W. Story
; made from sittings in 1851 at the request of the seventh Earl
, with some final touches from Seth W. Cheney
, as Story left for Europe
before it was quite finished (ante
III. p. 64; IV. p. 261). It has been kept at Castle Howard
; it is a good likeness, and represents Sumner
at his best, in the fulness and strength of manhood.
wrote to Sumner
in January, 1852: ‘You cannot expect a better likeness in every sense.’
It was lithographed by S. W. Chandler
before it was sent to England
wrote of the print, which was published in 1854, that it was a capital likeness, and that nothing could be better.
The biographer has a copy of a photograph of the picture, taken at York
since the senator's death.
4. Daguerreotype, by Southworth
, of Boston
, in 1853; taken for, and owned by, the biographer, and engraved for this Memoir (vol.
5. Daguerreotype, taken a few months later at Lowell
; owned by Mrs. W. S. Robinson
6. Portrait, by Walter M. Brackett
; painted from sittings in 1854, and now in the custody of Edward A. Presbrey
7. Portrait, by W. Wight
; painted in the winter of 1856-1857, and given to the Boston Public Library
in 1874; has been engraved by S. A. Schoff
The engraving does not follow the portrait closely, and is thought better than the portrait.
8. Portrait, by Wellman Robinson
; painted in 1856, now belonging to Harvard College.
9. Photograph, taken in London
in 1857 for the late Henry Richard
, M. P. (ante
III. p. 547).
10. Portrait, by W. Willard
; painted in twenty-one sittings in August and September, 1865, and still in Mr. Willard
's possession at Sturbridge, Mass.
The artist made a copy in 1877, which is owned by Thomas Mack
, of Boston
He also painted the head for Abraham Avery
11. Bust, by E. A. Brackett
; given to Harvard College in 1857.
12. Bust, by M. Milmore
; finished late in 1865 (ante
IV. p. 199), and greatly commended at the time by Wendell Phillips
, W. M. Hunt
, John T. Sargent
, F. V. Balch
, and Lydia Maria Child
(see her ‘Letters,’ p. 187). The original was placed in the State House
, and the artist's reproduction of it was given by the State of Massachusetts
to George William Curtis
in recognition of his eulogy on the senator.
This copy has been on exhibition at the Metropolitan Art Museum in New York.
A picture of the bust is given in Harper's Weekly, June 20, 1874.
13. Medallion, by Margaret Foley
; taken from sittings in 1865, and given by the family of James T. Furness
to Harvard College.
14. Photographs, by Black of Boston
; one reproduced in Harper's Weekly, March 24, 1866; and another in 1869, reproduced in Harper's Weekly, March 28, 1874, and engraved in Sumner
15. Photograph, by Brady
, in 1869; reproduced in ‘Every Saturday,’ March 4, 1871 (a weekly newspaper published in Boston
), in ‘Memorial History of Boston
III. p. 391, and in this Memoir (vol.
16. Photographs, by Warren
, about 1870-1871,—one standing, one sitting with a cane, one holding a French newspaper, and one reproduced in the Memorial volume published by the city of Boston
17. Portrait, by William M. Hunt
, not from sittings, but following Allen
18. Portrait, by Edgar Parker
, for which sittings were given in Boston
in 1873. Mr. Parker
painted three portraits,—one now belonging to the city of Boston
, another to the Wallace Public Library
, and the third still belonging to one of the artist's relatives.
19. Two unfinished portraits, by William Page, for which sittings were given in New York in 1872 or 1873.
20. Photograph, by Allen
, the last ever taken, made late in 1873; is reproduced in the Memorial volume printed by the State
in 1874, and in this Memoir (vol.
IV.), and has been engraved by the treasury department at Washington
The photographers have also issued it enlarged.
21. Full-length portrait, by Henry Ulke
, for which sittings were given in Washington
in 1873-1874; last likeness from life.
It was ordered by Hayti in recognition of the senator's opposition to the San Domingo
annexation, and now hangs in the Senate chamber
in the Haytian capitol.
The artist painted two other portraits at the same time, all three alike representing Sumner
speaking in the Senate,—one full-length and owned by John B. Alley
, of Lynn
; and the other three-quarters in length, and given by James Wormley
to the State of Massachusetts
This last hangs in the State Library (Senate Doc., 1884, Nos. 272, 323; Boston Transcript, Sept. 27, 1883).
22. Various busts and statues in plaster, offered for a bronze statue, for which Thomas Ball's design was accepted.
The statue was erected in the Public Garden
The oil paintings of Sumner
were generally unsatisfactory.
Those by Ulke
, however, represent well his figure, dress, and attitude in debate, and give a better idea of him in his later years than any other paintings.