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Thirty-eighth regiment Massachusetts Infantry.

Col. Timothy Ingraham, Bvt. Brig. Gen. U. S. Vols.

Field and Staff.Line.companies.Unassigned Recruits.Totals.
Number on regimental rolls,—
Enlisted men,115101105103101101106104100989751,036
Enlisted men (included above) commissioned in regiment.2621121114
Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.1523112
Actual total of members of regiment,—
Enlisted, men,39991041029910010010296989651,010

The 38th Mass. Infantry was organized in the summer of 1862, in response to the President's call for troops in July. Seven companies recruited at Lynnfield, and composed largely of men from Plymouth County, were mustered into service August 21; and the remaining three, recruited from Cambridge, were mustered in on the 22d at Camp Day, North Cambridge. The command left Boston August 26, under Lieutenant-Colonel Wardwell, and was stationed for a time in camp near Baltimore. Col. Timothy Ingraham, at the time of his appointment in the 38th holding a commission as lieutenant-colonel of the 18th Mass. Infantry, took command of the regiment September 3. It moved in November to Hampton Roads, and having remained on transport for a month, sailed for Mississippi and reached Carrollton Jan. 1, 1863, becoming part of the 3d Brigade, 3d Division, 19th Army Corps. Moving to Baton Rouge in March, it took part in the advance to Port Hudson on the 14th, and engaged in the Teche expedition, meeting with loss at Fort Bisland April 13. Its commander, Lieutenant-Colonel Rodman, was among the killed at the assault of Port Hudson May 27, and the regiment met with loss also at the assault on June 14. After sharing in the movement to Donaldsonville in July, it occupied camp near Baton Rouge until the spring of 1864. As part of the 3d Brigade, 2d Division, it shared in the Red River expedition, remaining with the brigade as garrison at Alexandria until April 12; when detached it moved to Grand Ecore, and served with the 2d Brigade in the return to Alexandria, engaging at Cane River April 23. At the battle of Mansurn the regiment served under Captain Wyman, Lieutenant-Colonel Richardson being in command of the brigade. It formed part of the forces sent to the defence of Washington in July, 1864, and served during the summer and autumn under General Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley. At the battle of the Opequon, Lieutenant-Colonel Richardson was wounded and the command was taken by Major Allen. The regiment took part at Fisher's Hill and met with loss at Cedar Creek. With Lieutenant-Colonel Richardson in command of the brigade, the regiment under Major Allen left Winchester Jan. 6, 1865, for Baltimore, and was sent a week later to Savannah, Ga., and served there until spring. Moving in March to Morehead City, it served at Goldsboroa during April, and returning to Savannah in May, remained until its termination of service. The recruits being transferred to the 26th Mass. Infantry, the regiment returned to Massashusetts, and reaching Boston July 6, was mustered out at Gallop's Island July 13, 1865.

1 Including non-commissioned staff.

2 Including non-commissioned staff.

3 Including non-commissioned staff.

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Silas P. Richardson (3)
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