previous next

First regiment Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.

(1) Col. William B. Greene. (2) Col. Thomas R. Tannatt.

Field and staff.Line.Band.ABCDEFGHIKLMUnassigned Recruits.Totals.
Number on regimental rolls,—
Enlisted men,1202021722723020119420320417620120419419592,495
Enlisted men (included above) commissioned in regiment.74683637391562
Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.111216111116
Actual total of members of regiment,—
Enlisted men,2202021022222319218919619516819819419218992,417

The let Mass. Heavy Artillery was recruited as the 14th Mass. Infantry in the spring of 1861, most of its members being from Essex County; it was mustered into service July 5, and left the State August 7. Its first colonel was a West Point graduate, and had served in the Florida Indian wars. It served for the remainder of the year in the defences of Washington. On Jan. 1, 1862, the regiment was reorganized, and became the 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery; 50 recruits were added to each company, and two additional companies were formed. The regiment still served on garrison duty in the forts about Washington; it was sent to the front August 26, and was present, though not in action, at the battle of Manassas. On Sept. 27, 1862, a battalion, consisting of two companies, was detached and served at Maryland Heights, where it remained until December, 1863, having on June 10, 1863, lost 44 men as prisoners at Winchester, Va., and having taken part in a skirmish at Harper's Ferry about the same time. On May 17, 1864, the regiment, acting as infantry, joined the Army of the Potomac near Spotsylvania, Va., and entered with it into General Grant's campaign of 1864, being assigned to General Tyler's Division, 2d Army Corps. It took part in its first engagement May 19, 1864, on the Fredericksburg Road, near Ny River in the vicinity of Spotsylvania. Afterwards, as part of the 2d Brigade, 3d Division, it was engaged in the battles of North Anna and Cold Harbor, and, crossing the James River June 14, it took part in the assault on Petersburg, June 16 and 22. The regiment remained actively engaged in the siege of Petersburg until April, 1865, and took part, after the fall of the city, in the pursuit of the Confederates. After General Lee's surrender it was stationed at the forts in the vicinity of Washington until its muster out in August. The regiment returned to Massachusetts August 20, and received its final discharge and payment at Boston, Aug. 25, 1865.

1 Including non-commissioned staff.

2 Including non-commissioned staff.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Tyler (1)
Thomas R. Tannatt (1)
Francis L. Lee (1)
William B. Greene (1)
Grant (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: