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Second regiment Massachusetts Cavalry.

(1) Col. Charles Russell Lowell, Brig. Gen. U. S. Vols.

(2) Col. Caspar Crowninshield, Bvt. Brig. Gen. U. S. Vols.

Field and staff.LineABCDEFGHIKLMRecruits.Totals.
Number on regimental rolls,—
Enlisted men,116168151174136157156176183155168142155722,009
Enlisted men (included above) commissioned in regiment.2311212242117440
Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.541221116
Actual total of members of regiment,—
Enlisted men,313152145173134155151172183152166134151721,953

The 2d Mass. Cavalry was organized in the autumn of 1862. Co. A, the first company formed, being raised in California by Capt. J. Sewell Read in November and December, and mustered into service at San Francisco, Cal., on December 10; it reached Boston January 3, and was counted on the quota of that city. A detachment of five companies, mustered in at Readville, Mass., at varying dates in January and February, 1863, left Massachusetts Feb. 12, 1863, under command of Maj. Caspar Crowninshield, and went into camp at Gloucester Point, opposite Yorktown, Va. The remaining companies of the regiment, California furnishing four of these, were organized and mustered into service from February to May, 1863, under Col. Charles Russell Lowell, and, leaving Readville May 11, encamped near Washington, moving camp on June 23 to Poolesville, Md. On August 6 the detachment at Gloucester Point joined the main body at Centreville, Va., and the regiment was united with the 13th and 16th N. Y. Cavalries to form a brigade, with Colonel Lowell as brigade commander. On September 15 four companies were detached under Major Thompson and sent into Maryland, where they remained until the spring of 1864. The regiment remained in camp at Centreville, Va., until the first of October, on Oct. 9, 1863, moving to Vienna, Va., where it remained during the autumn and winter. In July, 1864, the regiment took part in the defence of Washington, and as part of the 3d Brigade, under Colonel Lowell, was in constant action during the month of August. At the battle of the Opequon, September 19, it was closely engaged, and moved afterwards up the Luray valley, where, at Luray Court House, a Confederate flag was captured by Philip Baybutt of Co. A. In the battle of Cedar Creek the regiment met its saddest loss, Colonel Lowell being wounded there, and dying the next day at Middletown, Va. The regiment went into winter quarters in December at Winchester, Va.; and at this time, though the regiment numbered 1,100 men, only 15 officers and 500 men were present, 200 were in Southern prisons, over 200 absent, wounded or sick, and over 100 absent on detached service; in January, 175 recruits were added. In February, 1865, as part of the 1st Division, Reserve Brigade, the regiment advanced to Petersburg; after the evacuation of Richmond it engaged in the pursuit of the Confederates until the surrender of General Lee at Appomattox. Having encamped for a time near Petersburg, it took part under General Sheridan against Johnston's army; participated afterward in the grand review at Washington, and, after remaining in camp in Fairfax County until July 20, 1865, was mustered out at Fair. fax Court House, being finally paid off and discharged Aug. 3, 1865, at Readville, Mass.

Present also at Fort Reno, Poolesville, Summit Point, Luray, Tom's Brook, South Anna, White Oak Road, Dinwiddie Court House, Sailor's Creek and Appomattox.

1 Including non-commissioned staff.

2 Including non-commissioned staff.

3 Including non-commissioned staff.

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Charles Russell Lowell (5)
Caspar Crowninshield (2)
Thompson (1)
Sheridan (1)
J. Sewell Read (1)
Francis L. Lee (1)
Johnston (1)
Philip Baybutt (1)
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