Seventh regiment Massachusetts Infantry.
（1) Col. Darius N. Couch
, Maj. Gen.
U. S. Vols.
（2) Col. Nelson H. Davis
, Brig. Gen.
U. S. Army.
（3) Col. Joseph Wheelock
|Field and Staff.||Line.||Band.||companies.||Totals.|
|Number on regimental rolls,—|
|Enlisted men (included above) commissioned in regiment.2||9||–||–||7||3||3||2||2||3||1||3||5||4||42|
|Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.||–||–||–||1||–||1||–||–||–||2||–||1||1||6|
|Actual total of members of regiment,—|
The 7th Mass. Infantry was recruited by Col.
(afterward general) Darius Nash Couch
, a West Point graduate, who had served nine years in the regular army.
It was composed mainly of men from Bristol County
and was mustered into service at Taunton, Mass.
, June 15, 1861.
It left the State
July 12, and remained engaged in its defences for nearly a year.
On March 25, 1862, it left camp for Fortress Monroe
to engage in the Peninsular campaign
It took part in the siege of Yorktown
and the battles of Williamsburg
, Fair Oaks
and Oak Grove
, engaging afterwards in the seven days retreat.
Remaining at Harrison's Landing
until August 16 it moved then to Yorktown
, and on August 31 arrived at Alexandria
, on the way to join General Pope
's forces in Virginia
, uniting with them at Chain Bridge, Va., September 3.
It took part in the movement against South Mountain
, and was actively engaged at Fredericksburg
December 13, going afterwards into winter quarters near White Oak Church, and engaging with the rest of the army in the ‘mud march’ of January, 1863.
, as part of General Sedgwick
's division, the regiment, under Lieutenant-Colonel Harlow
, led the assault on Marye's Heights
May 3, its colonel, Thomas Denton Johns
, being in command of the storming column.
It took part without loss at Gettysburg
and marched with the Army of the Potomac to the Rapidan
, engaging in November in the Mine Run campaign
Its winter quarters were at Brandy Station, Va.
, from whence an expedition was made to Robertson's River in February, 1864.
In May, 1864, the regiment, as part of the 4th Brigade, General Getty
's Division, 6th Corps, took part in the battles of the Wilderness
, suffering great loss May 5 and 6.
It was active at Spotsylvania Court House and on duty constantly during the days of the battle of Cold Harbor
, moving with the army towards the James River
On June 15, the regiment's term of service having expired, it withdrew from the front and returned to Washington
; reaching Massachusetts
June 20, it was mustered out at Taunton
, July 5, 1864.