Thirteenth regiment Massachusetts Infantry.
Col. Samuel H. Leonard
|Field and Staff.||Line.||Band.||companies.||Unassigned Recruits.||Totals.|
|Number on regimental rolls,—|
|Enlisted men (included above) commissioned in regiment.2||8||–||–||3||4||4||3||3||1||2||2||3||1||–||34|
|Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.||–||–||–||1||–||–||2||–||1||1||–||–||–||–||5|
|Actual total of members of regiment,—|
The 4th Battalion Rifles, M. V. M., nucleus of the 13th Mass. Infantry, and forming afterward Cos. A, B, C and D in that regiment, was ordered, with the Roxbury Rifles
, afterward Co. E, 13th Infantry, to Fort Independence
, Boston harbor
, May 25, 1861.
On June 29 the State
sent fire companies more to join them at the fort, and from these organizations the 13th Mass. Infantry was formed, being mustered into the service of the United States
July 16, 1861.
July 29, 1861, the regiment marched immediately into Maryland
, receiving orders to join General Banks
at Harper's Ferry
; and remained on duty guarding the upper Potomac until the spring of 1862, encamping at Sharpsburg
, Sandy Hook
in the summer
, and making winter quarters at Williamsport, Md.
March 1, 1862, the regiment broke camp, crossed the Potomac
, and, assigned to the 2d Division, General McDowell
's Corps, Army of Virginia, was engaged during the spring
in guarding the north bank of the Rappahannock
, engaging in the battle of Cedar Mountain
, taking a most active part in the afternoon of August 30 at the battle of Manassas
, and being present in reserve at the battle of Chantilly
As part of General Ricketts
' Division of Hooker
's Corps at Antietam
, September 17, the regiment was engaged at the opening of the battle early in the morning at Dunker's Church with great loss.
After taking part at Fredericksburg
it went into winter quarters near Fletcher's Chapel
, Va., joining, in January, 1863, in the unsuccessful march toward the Rappahannock
The regiment took active part in the spring campaign, meeting its principal losses at Chancellorsville
on May 4 and at Gettysburg
on July 1, and was engaged in the actions near the Rappahannock
and in the Mine Run campaign
The regiment was in command of Lieutenant-Colonel Hovey
at the Wilderness
in May, 1864, taking its most active part in the series of battles on May 5; and was constantly in action about Spotsylvania
, North Anna
and Cold Harbor.
The regiment crossed the James
with the army, and, now under command of Major Pierce
, took part in the assault at Petersburg
June 18, and served afterward in the trenches until July 14, when its term of service expired and it withdrew from the front.
Returning to Washington
July 17, it reached Boston
July 21, and was mustered out of service Aug. 1, 1864.