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Nineteenth regiment Massachusetts Infantry.

(1) Col. Edward W. Hincks, Bvt. Brig. Gen. U. S. Army.

(2) Col. Arthur F. Devereux, Bvt. Brig. Gen. U. S. Vols.

(3) Col. Ansel D. Wass, Bvt. Brig. Gen. U. S. Vols.

Field and Staff.Line.Band.companies.Unassigned Recruits.Totals.
Number on regimental rolls,—
Enlisted men,12327188171170128167176184253144161451,837
Enlisted men (included above) commissioned in regiment.21574325552957
Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.3116312421
Actual total of members of regiment,—
Enlisted men,3827178167166128164165176247140148451,759

The 19th Mass. Infantry was recruited at Lynnfield, Mass., having for a nucleus three companies of the 3d Battalion Rifles. Seven additional companies from the vicinity of Boston being soon added, the regiment left the State August 28, under Col. Edward W. Hincks (then Hinks), who had served as colonel of the 8th Infantry, M. V. M., during its three months service. It was stationed in camp near Washington until ordered to Poolesville, Md., September 12, and assigned to General Lander's Brigade. It took part at Ball's Bluff October 21, and remained engaged in guarding the upper Potomac until the spring of 1862. In March the regiment, as part of General Sedgwick's forces moved to the Shenandoah valley; returning to Washington March 25, it joined General McClellan's forces on the Peninsula, being assigned to the 3d Brigade, Sedgwick's Division, 2d Corps, Army of the Potomac. It went into action before Yorktown April 7, and took part in the siege. After the surrender it engaged at West Point, and moved then to the Chickahominy River and encamped, engaging in June in the seven days battles, losing heavily at Glendale.

At the battle of Antietam, forming part of Sedgwick's Division, the regiment took part in the charge on the morning of September 17, losing very heavily. At Fredericksburg, under command of Capt. H. G. O. Weymouth, it volunteered for duty in the crossing of the river and the attack in the streets of Fredericksburg, December 11.

The regiment moved May 2, 1863, to take part in the spring campaign, and at the battle of Chancellorsville, May 3, was engaged ns part of General Sedgwick's forces at Marye's Heights and Fredericksburg. At Gettysburg it was engaged July 2 and also during Picketts' charge on the afternoon of July 3, when it captured the flags of four Virginia regiments. Moving into Virginia with the army, it took part in the engagements about the Rappahannock and in the Mine Run Campaign.

During the winter of 1863-64 many members of the regiment re-enlisted for another term of service. It was engaged at the Battle of the Wilderness, May 6, 1864, as part of Gibbon's Division, 2d Corps, and was active in the movements at Spotsylvania, North Anna and Cold Harbor. Crossing the James River June 14, it took part at the assault of Petersburg. losing many from the regiment as prisoners on June 22. Participating afterward in the siege, it shared in the engagements at Deep Bottom, Weldon Railroad, Boydtown Plank Road and Hatcher's Run and was active in the final operations about Petersburg in March and April, 1S65. It engaged in the pursuit of the Confederates to Appomattox, and encamped after the surrender at Burksville, Va., until May, when it returned to the vicinity of Washington. On June 30, 1865, it was mustered out of service, and, returning to Massachusetts, received its final discharge and payment July 20, 1865.

1 Including non-commissioned staff.

2 Including non-commissioned staff.

3 Including non-commissioned staff.

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Sedgwick (4)
Edward W. Hincks (2)
H. G. O. Weymouth (1)
Ansel D. Wass (1)
McClellan (1)
Lander (1)
Hinks (1)
Gibbon (1)
Arthur F. Devereux (1)
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