Twenty-seventh regiment Massachusetts Infantry.
Col. Horace C. Lee
, Bvt. Brig.
U. S. Vols.
|Field and Staff.||Line.||Band.||companies.||Unassigned Recruits.||Totals.|
|Number on regimental rolls,—|
|Enlisted men (included above) commissioned in regiment.2||8||–||–||4||2||5||2||8||5||3||3||6||5||–||51|
|Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.||–||–||–||–||3||–||1||–||2||1||2||1||–||–||10|
|Actual total of members of regiment,—|
The 27th Mass. Infantry was recruited in the western counties of Massachusetts
by Horace C. Lee
, afterward colonel of the regiment, in September and October, 1861.
Most of the men being mustered in September 27, and the line officers on October 25, it left the State
Nov. 2, 1861, and encamped near Annapolis, Md.
It was assigned to the 1st Brigade, General Burnside
's forces, November 27, and, leaving Fortress Monroe
for South Carolina
Jan. 11, 1862, took part at the battle of Roanoke Island
It was engaged with loss at New Berne March 14, and, encamping in the vicinity, it shared from time to time in outpost duty at Batchelder's Creek.
In July a reconnoissance was made toward Trenton, N. C.
It remained with headquarters at New Berne during the summer, and in the autumn served in detachments on outpost duty at Washington, N. C.
, Newport Barracks and Batchelder's Creek.
Forming part of the 3d Brigade, with Colonel Lee
as brigade commander, the regiment, under Lieutenant-Colonel Lyman
, took part in the Tarboroa expedition in November, and later in the Goldsboroa expedition.
In January, 1863, it was posted at Washington, N. C.
, and was active there in the engagements in March and on duty in the town during the siege, returning to New Berne April 25. Companies G and H, stationed at Plymouth
during that time, were engaged at Rocky Hoc Creek near Winfield
The regiment, reunited and stationed with headquarters at New Berne until October, moved on the 16th of that month to Newport News, and, becoming part of General Butler
's forces, served during the winter as provost guard at Portsmouth
At this time 343 members of the regiment re-enlisted; 220 returned January 15 from a month's furlough in Massachusetts
The command moved, April 27, 1864, to Yorktown
, and reaching Bermuda Hundred
May 5, formed part of Heckman
's Red Star Brigade, 18th Army Corps, and was engaged near Port Walthall May 6 and 7, at Swift Creek
May 9 and at Drewry's Bluff
May 14 to 16; many were taken prisoners, including Colonel Lee
Under command of Maj. William A. Walker
it joined the Army of the Potomac at Cold Harbor June 1, and took part in the movements and engagements of the following days, losing heavily in the assault of June 3, when Major Walker
It was actively engaged under Major Moore
June 15 and 18, and took part in the siege until withdrawn from the front August 25.
On September 17 it moved to Portsmouth
, and those whose term of service had expired left Fortress Monroe
on the 23d, and were mustered out at Springfield, Mass.
, Sept. 29, 1864.
The regiment returned to Beaufort, N. C.
, September 21, and was stationed in the vicinity until the spring of 1865, engaging in service at Plymouth
from December 7 to January 8.
In March the regiment moved towards Kinston
, and was engaged at South West Creek March 8.
It remained afterward on duty at New Berne until its muster out, June 26, 1865.
July 7, it was paid off and discharged at Readville July 19, 1865.