Abatis, the use of, in battle, 20.
, captured by Federal troops, 30.
, map of manoeuvres on, 199; the battle of, 208; the positions of the two armies, 208; Lee
's force at, 209; the movement across the Antietam
's left flank, 209; the desperate struggle between McClellan
's right and Lee
's left, 212; Sumner
's appearance before the Confederate
left, 213; Burnside
at the lower stone bridge, 219; the operations on McClellan
's left under Burnside
, 219; Franklin
arrives and re-enforces McClellan
's right, 219; McClellan
's urgent order to Burnside
—the latter's delay to advance on Lee
's right, 220; Burnside
driven back by Confederate re-enforcements, 221; the losses of both armies, 221; Lee
's withdrawal to Virginia
, 222; McClellan
's intentions as to renewed attack, 222.
, the, on duties of a general, 131.
Army of Northern Virginia—see Confederate army.
Army of the Potomac in History, 13; its adversary, 16; organization of the, 60; engineer establishment of the, 65; artillery organization of the, 65; brigade organization of the, 65; strength and condition of, on McClellan
assuming command, 62; strength available for advance, 70; army corps, McClellan
's intentions, 64; first disposition of the, 27; first crossed into Virginia
, 30; Manassas
campaign —see Manassas
; inactivity during winter of 1861-2, reasons advanced for, 71; comparative discipline in 1861 and 1862, 72; organization into four corps by the President
, 88; resumes its positions of previous to battle of Fair Oaks
, 139; strength, June 26, 1861, 142; Gaines' Mills battle, 149; right wing on the south bank of Chickahominy River
, 153; retreat to the James
commenced, 154; order of march across White Oak Swamp
, 155; concentrated at Malvern Hill
—the battle of, 160; withdraws from Malvern Hill
's Bar, 164: its bravery and endurance on the Peninsula
, 166; number brought back to Harrison's Landing
, 167; ordered to withdraw to Aquia Creek
, 171; transferred to Aquia Creek
, via Fortress Monroe
, 174; Army of Virginia absorbed into, 193; movement towards Frederick
, 197; moves towards Harper's Ferry
, 201; arrives at South Mountain
, 202; at Antietam
, 208; position after battle of Antietam
, 225; reorganization of operations after Antietam
, 225; crossed the Potomac
, 226; McClellan
removed and Burnside
appointed to command, 227; its change of base to Fredericksburg
, 230; reorganized by Burnside
into three grand divisions, 231; moves from Warrenton
, 233; the battle of Fredericksburg
, 238; ‘mud march,’ 258; Hooker
placed in command, 261; spirit of the officers under Burnside
, 262; Chancellorsville campaign
, 267; cavalry, Hooker
's organization of the, 268; the badge system and its value, 268;
its strength before Chancellorsville
, 269; passage of the Rappahannock
, 270); strength after Chancellorsville
, 310; Meade
appointed to command, 323; Hooker
resigns command, 323; Gettysburg campaign
, 326; campaign of manoeuvres, 373; Mine Run
move, 398; in winter-quarters, 398; overland campaign, the, 402; reorganized into three corps-Hancock
, and Warren
, 410; Sheridan
appointed to command cavalry, 412; before Petersburg
, 507; ceases to exist, 622.
Army of Virginia formed by McDowell
's, and Banks
's armies, 168; absorbed into the Potomac army, 193.
bivouacks within Union lines at, 381; Caldwell
attacked in rear at, 381.
Austrian Aulic council and its Washington
's (Department of the Shenandoah) position during McClellan
's advance, 122; at Strasburg
with 16,000 men, 122; fights at, and retreats from, Winchester
to north bank of Potomac, 125; General, at battle of Cedar Mountain
Badge system of the Potomac army, its origin and value, 268.
, death at battle of Ball's Bluff, 77.
Ball's Bluff, the battle of, 75.
, on early ideas on quelling the rebellion, 29; on assaulting Yorktown
, 110; on the passage of the Chickahominy
Bethel, Butler, General
, plan for capture of Big and Little, 31.
Big Bethel, the affair of, 31.
, evidence on Meade
's attack at Fredericksburg
Blackburn's Ford, General Tyler
's repulse at, 48.
, on advance via York River
's division detached from Mc-Clellan to join Fremont
Bolivar Heights, the position of, 206.
Bottom's Bridge, purpose of throwing Potomac army on Richmond
side of the Chickahominy
plankroad, action of, 542.
Braddock Road, origin of the name, 47.
, cavalry action at, 313.
Bristoe Station, Hooker
's defeat of Ewell
at, 179; race of the two armies for, 380; battle of, 383.