II. list and military history of Massachusetts: General officers.note. This list of general officers, by brevet or otherwise, includes (I) those born in Massachusetts (2) those appointed from Massachusetts into the regular army (3) those serving previously in Massachusetts volunteer regiments. In many cases the brevets were conferred at the very close or even after the close of the civil war, but they were, in all cases here included, based in part at least on services during the war itself. Details in regard to these brevets will be found in a separate table.
Beverly, Mass., Aug. 13, 1831. Cadet, U. S. Military Academy, July 1, 1850, to July 1, 1854. Brevet Second Lieutenant, Topographical Engineers, July 1, 1854. Second Lieutenant, Oct. 2, 1855. First Lieutenant, July 1, 1857. Assistant Topographical Engineer on the staff of Brig. General McDowell, July 5-15, 1861. Chief Topographical Engineer of General Tyler's division in the Manassas campaign of July, 1861. Engaged in the action of Blackburn's Ford, July 18, 1861, and battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861, where he was wounded. Brevet Captain, July 21, 1861. Assistant Topographical Engineer in the defences of Washington, on the staff of General McDowell, July 23 to Aug. 21, 1861. Assistant to General Barnard in the construction of field-works south of the Potomac, Aug. 21, 1861, to Mar. 19, 1862. Brevet Major, May 4, 1862. Captain, Topographical Engineers, June 18, 1862. Colonel, 1st Conn. Artillery, Jan. 19, 1863. Transferred to Corps of Engineers, Mar. 3, 1863. Aide-de-Camp to General Barnard in the Virginia Peninsular campaign, Army of the Potomac, Mar. 10 to July 24, 1862, being engaged in the siege of Yorktown, Apr. 5 to May 4, 1862, and various engineer duties of the seven days operations before Richmond, June 26 to July 2, 1862, including the preparation of maps. On sick leave of absence, July 24 to Sept. 25, 1862. Aide-de-Camp to General Barnard, Sept. 25 to Nov. 11, 1862, being engaged in fortifying the southern approaches to Alexandria, Va. Chief Topographical Engineer of General Banks's expedition to the Gulf of Mexico, Nov. 11, 1862, to Feb. 10, 1863. At the defences of Washington, Feb. 28, 1863, to May 10, 1864. Member of the Board of Engineers to reorganize our system of seacoast fortifications, Jan. 27 to May 31, 1864. Organizing siege train for the armies operating against Richmond Apr. 20 to May 10, 1864. In command of the siege artillery of the Army of the James, May 13 to June 23, 1864, and of the armies operating against Richmond, June 23, 1864, to Jan. 5, 1865. Brevet Brig. General, U. S. Volunteers, Aug. 1, 1864. Chief of artillery of the expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., Jan. 5-22, 1865; in command of the siege artillery of the armies operating against Richmond, Jan. 22 to July 13, 1865. Engaged in the siege of Petersburg till Apr. 2, 1865, including the Mine assault July 30, 1864; battle of Fort Steadman, Mar. 25 and assault of the rebel entrenchments, Apr. 2, 1865. Brevet Maj. General, U. S. Volunteers, Mar. 13, 1865. Brevet Lieut. Colonel, Colonel and Brig. General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865. Chief of artillery of the department of Virginia, May 10 to July 13, 1865; in command of brigade in the defences of Washington, D. C., July 15 to Sept. 25, 1865; awaiting orders Oct. 4 to Nov. 23, 1865. Mustered out of volunteer service, Sept. 25, 1865. Major, Corps of Engineers, Nov. 11, 1865. Lieut. Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Mar. 31, 1880. Colonel, Oct. 12, 1886.
Lowell, Mass., Jan. 21, 1842. Private “New England Guards,” 4th Infantry, M. V. M., in service of the U. S., May, 1861. Mustered out, June, 1861. Second Lieutenant, 20th Mass. Infantry, July 10, 1861. Left the state with his regiment in Sept. for the Potomac River; at the battle of Ball's Bluff, Va.; in camp at Poolesville, Md., winter of 1861-62. First Lieutenant, Nov. 8, 1861. Captain, Aug. 29, 1862. Doing guard duty on the Potomac River opposite Leesburg, Va., till Feb., 1862; in the valley of the Shenandoah, Mar.; present at the siege of Yorktown, battles of West Point and Fair Oaks, where he received the sword of General  Pettigrew, taken prisoner by his company. Engaged in the Seven Days battle; wounded in the arm at Glendale, June 30; at Malvern Hill; on furlough for a few weeks. Rejoined his regiment on the James River. In Pope's campaign; present at the battle of Chantilly. Started on the Maryland campaign; was taken ill at Frederick, Md. On sick leave until the last of Nov. Rejoined his regiment at Warrenton, Va.; engaged in the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. Major, 20th Mass. Infantry, May 1, 1863. In command of his regiment till May 6, 1864. Present at the battles of Bristoe Station, Va., Mine Run and Wilderness. Killed at the battle of the Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864. Brevet Lieut. Colonel, Colonel and Brig. General, U. S. Volunteers, Mar. 13, 1865.
Washington, D. C., Feb. 1, 1836. Second Lieutenant, 4th U. S. Artillery, June 18, 1855. First Lieutenant, Mar. 31, 1857. Captain, 3d Cavalry, May 14, 1861. Captain, 6th Cavalry, Aug. 3, 1861. Stationed at Fort Monroe, Va. Brevet Major, May 27, 1862. Brevet Lieut. Colonel, Sept. 17, 1862. Lieut. Colonel, Assistant Insp. General, assigned, Nov. 17, 1862, to Oct. 6, 1864. Colonel, 3d Mass. Artillery, Nov. 16, 1864. In the defences of Washington. Brevet Brig. General, U. S. Volunteers, Mar. 13, 1865. Mustered out of volunteer service, Sept. 18, 1865. Major, 7th U. S. Cavalry, June 8, 1867. On duty at Galveston, Tex. Died at Galveston, Tex., Aug. 25, 1867.
Boston, Mass., May 27, 1835. First Lieutenant, 1st Mass. Cavalry, Dec. 19, 1861. Accompanied regiment to Port Royal, S. C.; remained until Aug., 1862. Took part in the James Island advance on Charleston; ordered to Virginia in Aug.; took active part in Antietam, Md., campaign, during which he was Adjutant of regiment. Captain, Oct. 30, 1862. Served constantly with the Army of the Potomac throughout the year 1863, in all its actions and skirmishes; detailed for service in command of squadron of cavalry at army headquarters, Apr., 1864. Lieut. Colonel, 5th Mass. Cavalry, July 15, 1864. Mustered, Sept. 8, 1864. Joined regiment at Point Lookout, Md. Colonel, Feb. 15, 1865; mustered, Mar. 14, 1865. Transferred to the Army of the James; entered Richmond, Va., Apr. 5. Went home on sick leave in May. Brevet Brig. General, U. S. Volunteers, Mar. 13, 1865. Resigned, Aug. 1, 1865.
Lowell, Mass., Nov. 23, 1833. Captain, 11th U. S. Infantry, May 14, 1861. Colonel, 6th U. S. Cold Infantry, Sept. 28, 1863. Mustered out of volunteer service, Sept. 20, 1865. Brevet Major, U. S. Army, June 27, 1862, and Brig. General U. S. Volunteers, Jan. 15, 1865. Brevet Lieut. Colonel, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865. Resigned, Oct. 4, 1866. Died at San Rafael, Cal., Apr. 6, 1878.
Boston, Mass., about 1830. Cadet, U. S. Military Academy, July 1, 1846, to July 1, 1851. Brevet Second Lieutenant, 7th U. S. Infantry, July 1, 1851. Second Lieutenant, Aug. 24, 1851. First Lieutenant, Oct. 16, 1855. Captain, May 7, 1861. In command of regiment at Baltimore, Md., Sept., 1861, to Mar., 1862. Colonel, 17 Mass. Infantry, Sept. 2, 1861. In operations in the department of North Carolina, Mar., 1862, to Oct., 1864, commanding his regiment and