previous next

Historical memorial of the Charlotte Cavalry.

[Our esteemed contributor, the gallant Captain E. E. Bouldin, is a prominent and successful member of the Virginia bar. An elder brother (whom we have known for a longer period) Powhatan Bouldin, Esq., was for many years the owner and editor of the Danville Times. He is the author of ‘Home Reminiscenses of John Randolph of Roanoke,’ a work which in the testimony presented of those familiar with that erratic genius, seems to give the key to his eccentricity.—Ed.]

The Charlotte Cavalry was organized in Charlotte county, Virginia, U. S. A., in 1861. On the 27th May, 1861, it was mustered into the service of the Southern Confederacy at Ashland, Va.

It served in the War 1861-5, first in Maj. George Jackson's Battalion, with one Company from Augusta county and two from Rockbridge county, Virginia, until September, 1862, when it was put into the 14th Virginia Cavalry as Company ‘B.’ This Regiment served under Brigadier-Generals A. G. Jenkins, Jno. Mc-Causland and R. L. T. Beale, Major-General W. H. F. Lee's Division part of the time.

It was distinguished among kindred organizations for the personal merit of its members. Every General it served under recognized the high intelligence and worth of its members. It never had a member to desert. Applicants had to be voted on before they could become members. There were a large number of lawyers, physicians, teachers, and highly educated farmers and merchants in the Company.

From a camp of instruction, at Ashland, Va., it was sent in the Spring of 1861, to Laurel Hill, Northwest Virginia, to General Garnett's command. The list of killed and wounded (forty-two) in this memorial, shows how it suffered. After it was put into the 14th Virginia Cavalry, it, with the Churchville Cavalry (Companies B and I) constituted the ‘charging’ Squadron of the Brigade. Captain E. E. Bouldin was first, and Captain James A. Wilson (of the Churchville) was Second in Command of the Squadron. [76] When the Brigade advanced the squadron's place was in extreme front, when it retreated in extreme rear.

It formed General R. E. Lee's extreme advance guard into Chambersburg, Pa., in 1863. It was General John McCausland's extreme rear guard all night and all day for days together, from Covington to Buchanan in June, 1864, when General Hunter advanced on Lynchburg, Va.

When Chambersburg, Pa. was burnt in 1864, this squadron acted as General McCausland's extreme rear guard when McCausland left the burning city. From Five Forks, Va., near Petersburg, it was again often in the rear of Beale's Brigade (to which it had been transferred) in Lee's retreat to Appomattox. On the morning of the surrender, 9th April, 1865, this squadron was with its regiment, the 14th Virginia Cavalry, in the last charge made by that regiment under command of Captain E. E. Bouldin. On very many other occasions, these two companies were assigned the posts of danger and hardship.

They acted nearly always together. So that in most, if not all instances, the Churchville Cavalry was engaged along with the Charlotte Cavalry in battles and skirmishes enumerated below, and its casualties were as many as those of the Charlotte Cavalry, though this memorial does not name any of them. A roll of that Company was made out by Captain James A. Wilson, of Churchville, Augusta County, Va. A roll of the members of the Charlotte Cavalry was published in Vol. XXVIII of the Southern Historical Society Papers, and it was also entered in the records of County Court of Charlotte County, Virginia.

This memorial was prepared by Lieutenant Samuel M. Gaines, now of Washington, D. C., from the records in that city and from his own notes and recollections, and was carefully reviewed by myself. It was sent to many of the surviving members of the Charlotte Cavalry, and corrections made where there were errors. So I hope, that it is correct in every particular, and will serve to give posterity an account of the part this Company and the Churchville Cavalry, bore in the great War, 1861-5.

The following is a chronological list of the engagements, large and small (excepting trivial encounters on picket and scout duty) in which this Company, as a whole or in part, participated during the War, with the casualties remembered.


1861. with Gen. R. S. Garnett in West Virginia.

Laurel Hill, W. Va., July 7, 8 and 9.

Kahler's Ford, W. Va., July 13.

Carrick's Ford, W. Va., July 13.

Swamp's Block House, W. Va., November—. Henry Chick killed and Isaac Friend wounded.

1862. with Gen. R. E. Lee in West Virginia.

Dry Forks, W. Va., January 8.

North Fork, W. Va., January 17. R. M. Friend wounded on scout.

Hinkle's Gap, W. Va., February 4.

Seneca Creek, W. Va., February—.

North Mountain, W. Va., March 4. Samuel M. Gaines wounded.

With Gen. Loring,

Nicholas Court House, W. Va., July 26.

Fayetteville, W. Va., September 10.

Cotton Hill, W. Va., September 11.

Montgomery's Ferry, W. Va., September 12.

Charleston, W. Va., September 13.

Buffalo, W. Va., September 27.

Charleston, W. Va., October 6.

Bulltown, W. Va., October 9.

Charleston, W. Va., October 16.

Kanawha Falls, W. Va., October 31.

1863. with Gen. R. E. Lee in his advance into Pennsylvania.

Middletown, Va., June 11.

Winchester, Va., June 13.

White Post, Va., June 14.

Bunker Hill, Va., June 15.

Martinsburg, W. Va., June 15.

Greencastle, Pa., June 20.

Chambersburg, Pa., June 20.

Carlisle, Pa., June 29.

Gettysburg. Pa., July 1, 2, 3. Samuel M. McCargo killed, Henry C. Chappell, Jno. Roberts wounded and died. Wash Chappell wounded.

Monterey Gap, Md., July 5. [78]

Hagerstown, Md., July 6.. Lieut. W. R. Gaines wounded.

Boonsboro, Md., July 7, 8.

Williamsport, Md., July 14. Lieut. D. Shepperson killed, Jno. P. Marshall wounded and died, Capt. E. E. Bouldin wounded, Andrew Hannah killed, William H. Woods wounded.

Shepherdstown, Md., July 16.

Chester Gap, Va., July 21.

Brandy Station, Va., August 1 to 11 Adjt. B. C. Bouldin killed.

Kelly's Ford, Va., August 2, 3.

Little Washington, Va., August 24.

Sperryville, Va., August—.

Under Gen. Jno. Echols.

Droop Mountain, W. Va., November 6. Sergt.Maj. R. H. Gaines wounded, Thomas C. Harvey wounded.

Greenbrier River, W. Va., December 12.

1864. under Gen. Jno. McCausland, opposing Gen. Hunter in his advance on Lynchburg.

White Sulphur Springs, June 1.

Covington, Va., June 2.

Panther Gap, Va., June 4.

Goshen, Va., June 6.

Buffalo Gap, Va., June 7.

Staunton Road, Va., June 8.

Arbor Hill, Va., June 10.

Newport, Va., June 10.

Middlebrook, Va., June 10. Jas. R. Crews and Norman B. Spraggins wounded.

Brownsburg, Va., June 10. Alexander S. Walker wounded, Samuel Price and William Spencer wounded, B. W. Marshall captured.

Lexington, Va., June 11.

Broad Creek, Va., June 13.

Buchanan, Va., June 13.

Peaks Gap, Va., June 14.

Fancy Farm, Va., June 15.

Otter River, Va., June 16.

New London, Va., June 16.

Lynchburg, Va., June 17, 18. Abner Ford wounded.


1864. under Gen. Jubal Early in his advance into Pennsylvania.

Forest Depot, Va., June 18.

Liberty, Va., June 20.

Salem, Va., June 21.

Leetown, W. Va., July 3.

North Mountain, W. Va., July 4.

Hagerstown, Md., July 7.

Frederick, Md., July 8.

Monocacy, Md., July 9.

Urbana, Md., July 9.

Rockville, Md., July 10.

Tenleytown, District of Columbia, July 11, 12. Norman King wounded and captured.

Rockville, Md., July 13.

Edwards Ferry, Md., July 14,

Snicker's Gap, Va., July 17.

Ashby's Gap, Va., July 18.

Berry's Ferry, Va., July 19.

Darkesville, W. Va., July 19.

Winchester, Va., July 20. Rice Dennis wounded, Charles Polk Kent wounded.

Stephenson's Depot, Va., July 20. Allen Caperton wounded.

Kernstown, Va., July 23.

Winchester, Va., July 24.

Martinsburg, W. Va., July 25.

Clear Springs, Md., July 29.

Mercersburg, Pa., July 29.

Chambersburg, Pa., July 30.

McConnellsburg, Pa., July 30.

Cumberland, Md., August 1. Samuel Dunlop wounded.

Old Town, Md., August 2.

Green Springs, Md., August 2.

Hancock, Md., August 2.

New Creek, W. Va., August 4.

Moorefield, W. Va., August 7. Lieut. W. R. Gaines wounded and Adgt J. W. Marshall and Capt. E. E. Bouldin captured.

Fisher's Hill, Va., August 13.

Fisher's Hill, Va., August 15. Charles P. Noell wounded. [80]

Kernstown, Va., August 17.

Winchester, Va., August 17.

Opequon, Va., August 19, 20.

Charlestown, W. Va., August 21.

Summit Point, W. Va., August 21.

Halltown, W. Va., August 22.

Charlestown, W. Va., August 23.

Kearneysville, W. Va., August 25.

Leetown, W. Va., August 26.

Smithfield, W. Va., August 28.

Opequon, Va., August 29.

Brucetown, Va., August 30. Rice Dennis wounded.

Opequon, Va., September 1.

Bunker Hill, Va., September 3. Henry Watkins killed.

Stephenson's Depot, Va., September 5.

Big Spring, W. Va., September 10.

Darkesville W. Va., September 10.

Darkesville, W. Va., September 12.

Opequon, Va., September 19.

Winchester, Va., September 19.

Front Royal Pike, Va., September 21.

Milford, Va., September 22.

Luray, Va., September 24.

Port Republic, Va., September 26.

Waynesboro, Va., September 29.

Brown's Gap, Va., October 4.

Strasburg, Va., October 9. David Dice wounded.

Fisher's Hill, Va., October 9.

Woodstock, Va., October 10.

Cedar Creek, Va., October 1. Charles Hundley wounded.

Stony Point, Va., October 19.

Bentonville, Va., October 23.

Milford, Va., October 25, 26.

Cedarville, Va., November 12. Andrew Beirne wounded, captured and died in prison. Thos. N. Read and B. W. Wood captured.

Front Royal, Va., November 22.

Berry's Ford, Va., December 17.

Madison C. H., Va., December 20. [81]

Liberty Mills, Va., December 22.

Jack's Shop, Va., December 23.

Gordonsville, Va., December 24.

1865. ( the Regiment was furloughed for two months and transferred
to Beale's Brigade, East Virginia, W. H. F. Lee's Division.)

Quaker Road, Va., March 29.

White Oak Road, Va., March 31. Isaac Friend wounded second time.

Five Forks, Va., April 1. Henry P. Dickerson, Albert Moses and George W. Read wounded.

Avery's Church Road, Va., April 4. Hunter H. Marshall, Jr., killed.

Amelia Springs, Va., April 5.

Jetersville, Va., April 6.

Deatonsville, Va., April 6.

High Bridge, Va., April 6.

Farmville, Va., April 7. Dallas Kent wounded.

Appomattox C. H., Va., April 9. M. C. Morris wounded. Henry Dice killed.

E. E. Bouldin, formerly Captain Charlotte Cavalry, Company B, 14th Virginia Cavalry, C. S. A.

Danville, Va., June 21, 1906.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
Winchester, Va. (Virginia, United States) (7)
Opequon (Virginia, United States) (4)
Chambersburg, Pa. (Pennsylvania, United States) (4)
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania, United States) (3)
Lynchburg (Virginia, United States) (3)
Fishers Hill (Virginia, United States) (3)
Darkesville (West Virginia, United States) (3)
Charleston, W. Va. (West Virginia, United States) (3)
Virginia (Virginia, United States) (2)
Rockville, Md. (Maryland, United States) (2)
Overall (Virginia, United States) (2)
North Mountain (West Virginia, United States) (2)
Martinsburg (West Virginia, United States) (2)
Leetown (Virginia, United States) (2)
Hagerstown (Maryland, United States) (2)
Charlotte county (Virginia, United States) (2)
Charles Town (West Virginia, United States) (2)
Bunker Hill (West Virginia, United States) (2)
Ashland (Virginia, United States) (2)
Woodstock, Va. (Virginia, United States) (1)
Williamsport (Maryland, United States) (1)
White Post (Virginia, United States) (1)
Waynesboro, Va. (Virginia, United States) (1)
Washington (United States) (1)
Urbana (Maryland, United States) (1)
United States (United States) (1)
Summit Point (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Strasburg, Va. (Virginia, United States) (1)
Stony Point (Virginia, United States) (1)
Sperryville (Virginia, United States) (1)
Smithfield, W. Va. (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Shawanese (Maryland, United States) (1)
Seneca Creek (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Salem, Va. (Virginia, United States) (1)
Rockbridge (Virginia, United States) (1)
Roanoke (United States) (1)
Remington (Virginia, United States) (1)
Port Republic (Virginia, United States) (1)
Northfork (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Newport (Virginia, United States) (1)
New Creek (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Moorefield (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Middletown (Virginia, United States) (1)
Middlebrook (Virginia, United States) (1)
Mercersburg (Pennsylvania, United States) (1)
Meadow Mills (Virginia, United States) (1)
McConnellsburg (Pennsylvania, United States) (1)
Madison Court House (Virginia, United States) (1)
Luray (Virginia, United States) (1)
Little Otter River (Virginia, United States) (1)
Liberty Mills (Virginia, United States) (1)
Lexington, Va. (Virginia, United States) (1)
Laurel Hill, Va. (Virginia, United States) (1)
Kelly's Ford (Virginia, United States) (1)
Kearneysville (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Kanawha Falls (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Jetersville (Virginia, United States) (1)
High Bridge (Maryland, United States) (1)
Hancock, Md. (Maryland, United States) (1)
Halltown (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Greencastle (Pennsylvania, United States) (1)
Greenbrier (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Goshen (Virginia, United States) (1)
Gordonsville (Virginia, United States) (1)
Georgetown (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Front Royal (Virginia, United States) (1)
Frederick, Md. (Maryland, United States) (1)
Frederick Junction (Maryland, United States) (1)
Fayetteville, W. Va. (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Farmville (Virginia, United States) (1)
Fancy Farm (Kentucky, United States) (1)
Droop Mountain (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Danville (Virginia, United States) (1)
Cumberland (Maryland, United States) (1)
Covington, Va. (Virginia, United States) (1)
Covington (Kentucky, United States) (1)
Cotton Hill, W. Va. (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Clear Spring, Md. (Maryland, United States) (1)
Churchville, Augusta county, Virginia (Virginia, United States) (1)
Chester Gap (Virginia, United States) (1)
Cedarville (Virginia, United States) (1)
Carlisle, Pa. (Pennsylvania, United States) (1)
Bulltown (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Buffalo, W. Va. (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Buffalo Gap (Virginia, United States) (1)
Buchanan, Va. (Virginia, United States) (1)
Brucetown (Virginia, United States) (1)
Brownsburg (Virginia, United States) (1)
Broad Creek (Virginia, United States) (1)
Brandy Station (Virginia, United States) (1)
Boonsboro (Maryland, United States) (1)
Big Spring (West Virginia, United States) (1)
Bentonville (Virginia, United States) (1)
Bedford Springs (Virginia, United States) (1)
Augusta county (Virginia, United States) (1)
Arbor Hill (Virginia, United States) (1)
Appomattox (Virginia, United States) (1)
Amelia Springs (Virginia, United States) (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
1861 AD (5)
August 2nd (4)
June 10th (4)
1865 AD (3)
1864 AD (3)
October 9th (3)
September 10th (3)
July 13th (3)
July 9th (3)
July 8th (3)
July 7th (3)
June 20th (3)
June 15th (3)
June 13th (3)
April 6th (3)
1863 AD (2)
September 19th (2)
September 12th (2)
August 21st (2)
August 17th (2)
August 1st (2)
July 30th (2)
July 29th (2)
July 20th (2)
July 19th (2)
July 14th (2)
July 3rd (2)
June 18th (2)
June 16th (2)
June 14th (2)
June 11th (2)
June 21st, 1906 AD (1)
April 9th, 1865 AD (1)
June, 1864 AD (1)
September, 1862 AD (1)
1862 AD (1)
May 27th, 1861 AD (1)
December 24th (1)
December 23rd (1)
December 22nd (1)
December 20th (1)
December 17th (1)
December 12th (1)
November 22nd (1)
November 12th (1)
November 6th (1)
November (1)
October 31st (1)
October 26th (1)
October 25th (1)
October 23rd (1)
October 19th (1)
October 16th (1)
October 10th (1)
October 6th (1)
October 4th (1)
October 1st (1)
September 29th (1)
September 27th (1)
September 26th (1)
September 24th (1)
September 22nd (1)
September 21st (1)
September 13th (1)
September 11th (1)
September 5th (1)
September 3rd (1)
September 1st (1)
August 30th (1)
August 29th (1)
August 28th (1)
August 26th (1)
August 25th (1)
August 24th (1)
August 23rd (1)
August 22nd (1)
August 20th (1)
August 19th (1)
August 15th (1)
August 13th (1)
August 7th (1)
August 4th (1)
August 3rd (1)
July 26th (1)
July 25th (1)
July 24th (1)
July 23rd (1)
July 21st (1)
July 18th (1)
July 17th (1)
July 16th (1)
July 12th (1)
July 11th (1)
July 10th (1)
July 6th (1)
July 5th (1)
July 4th (1)
July 2nd (1)
July 1st (1)
June 29th (1)
June 21st (1)
June 17th (1)
June 8th (1)
June 7th (1)
June 6th (1)
June 4th (1)
June 2nd (1)
June 1st (1)
April 9th (1)
April 7th (1)
April 5th (1)
April 4th (1)
April 1st (1)
March 31st (1)
March 29th (1)
March 4th (1)
February 4th (1)
February (1)
January 17th (1)
January 8th (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: