Further by the North American.affairs in Italy — death of the Dowager
Empress of Russia — the Warsaw Conference.
The mails of the North American, from Liverpool on the 31st, via Londonderry on the 2d Inst., bring some additional details of European news.
Irish Papal Brigade have passed through France en route for Ireland. Judicial proceedings had been instituted against the Opinion National for the publication of false news. The London Daily News of the 31st, says the Emperor of the French has placed four ships-of-the-line before Gaeta, with orders to prevent an attack on that fortress by Admiral Persano, and if necessary to sink his ships.--Under these circumstances, Admiral Persano will take no part in the approaching sledge of Gaeta. The Daily News denounces this indirect intervention by France, and says Europe must not be allowed to remain a victim to all this mystery and repeated surprises. The London Morning News asserts on the authority of an official dispatch that Victor Emanuel was to immediately bombard Gaeta by sea and land. Capua had been definitely occupied by Garibaldi's troops. It was reported that King Victor Emanuel would confer on Garibaldi the title of Prince Calasemi, with an income of 3,000 livres, and would decorate him with the order of Annunciation. Lamoriciore had been created a Roman noble and a medal struck in his honor. The Paris Press asserts that the Sovereigns at Warsaw united in procuring assistance to Austria if she were attacked by Piedmont.
China mails are not yet received, but the following details had come to hand of the taking of the Turkish forts: The northern forts were captured after three hours fighting, and the others surrendered. The allies lost 1,400 killed and wounded. They occupied Tien-Sien. The Ambassadors were there, and would soon proceed to Pekin with a squadron of cavalry. The rebels had withdrawn from Shanghai. The Times trusts that the telegram had brought false news, and that Lord Elgin is not gone to Pekin without an army, as that is exactly the opposite of what he should do to obtain a permanent peace. Nothing more is necessary than that Pekin should know that England has an arm long enough to reach her, and chastise any breach of faith. So long as the Emperor believes his capital out of reach, so long will he care little what treaties he may sign to remove any immediate pressure.
Russia was dead. The Times was still without comment on French intervention at Gaeta, and the Paris journals have not yet adverted to the subject. The Times considers that unless some unforeseen accident changes the fortunes of war, a few days must suffice to drive the Bourbon sovereignty from Gaeta. A Naples letter of the 27th says that Gavazzi was to preach his first sermon in the principal church of the Jesuits. The Times asserts that Austria can scarcely even now make up her mind that the game is lost in Italy. No doubt had the Northern Potentates shown her more active sympathy, and had her diplomacy been more of a success, she would have done some desperate deed.
The Warsaw Conference.London Friday,--The correspondent of the Times, at Vienna, supplies information as to what passed at the conference. The Monarch and their Ministers had several interviews, but did little more than exchange opinions concerning the state of Europe as drawn up, but not signed, because the Sovereigns and their Ministers could not come to an understanding on several matters of importance.--Gortschakoff failed to convene the Prussian and Austrian statesmen, that it would be advantageous to all parties that the treaty of March, 1856, were subjected to a revision.--Russia is exceedingly desirous of regaining her position on the Danube, and doing away with the neutrality of the Black Sea. It is stated that Gortschakoff and Reichberg had an altercation at the very first interview.
Alexander was at Warsaw, that His Majesty was unable to conceal the vexation be felt. Captains in the Dutch mercantile marine have been informed by circulars, from the Minister of Marine, that in the event of war, they will be taken into the service as second lieutenants. As the proposition has given dissatisfaction, it is said that it will be proposed to give them a pension.
Herald's Paris correspondent says the Government had contracted with private shipbuilders for the immediate construction of one hundred and fifty iron-cased steam gunboats, to mount a single rifle in the bow and draw small draft of water. It is reported that Mr. Whitworth had contracted to supply the French with any number of his rifles at four pounds each.