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Affair in New York.

The correspondent of the Philadelphia Ledger, writing from New York on the 13th inst., says:

‘ But little else is talked of besides the news from the South, and the effect it is having upon business affairs here. Wall street looks particularly cerulean. Southern funds are so hard to sell, as to be almost worthless to the merchant — and 10 per cent, is the current rate of discount for a majority of the bank bills of the slaveholding States. One authority declares that men who thirty days ago could find collateral which would obtain them thousands, cannot to-day, upon the same description of security, realize a single dollar.

But this is not the worst of it. The working classes are beginning to feel the pinch, at their very hearthstones. I have already mentioned the suspension of trade, by two leading clothing houses in this city, who jointly employed 700 hands, and now must be added the discharge of sixty more, from one of the principal silver manufacturing, establishments in the city. Some of these were parties who had served for years as apprentices in the establishment.

The Williamsburg tailors — of whom many hundreds just now have nothing to do — are to have a public meeting this week, to consult as to what is best to be done. If they have no work they cannot starve, they say, when the granaries of the country and the store-houses of New York are overflowing with plenty of food.

Captain Rynders again turned up at the Toombs Police Court to-day, to respond to the charge of assault and battery upon Mr. Tappan, in the matter of the African boys. Judge Edmonds, on behalf of the prosecution, desired to withdraw the case, and the Court having no objections, it was so ordered. Before leaving the Court the Captain made a characteristic speech in self- defence, but there were but few to listen to him save the newspaper reporters!

Much excitement exists in Brooklyn to-day, in consequence of a horrible murder, last evening, in the town of New Lots, a small village about two miles south of Brooklyn, on the Coney Island Plank-Road. The victim was a respectable and wealthy farmer, named Theodore Colyer, who had been to New York to sell some market produce in the afternoon. The proceeds of this amounted to about $100, and it is supposed that to rob him of the money was the motive for the murder. The unfortunate man, after coming home, took tea with his family, at 6 o'clock, after which he went out to a neighboring grocery to settle an account, and while there incautiously exhibited a roll of bills. There were two strangers in the store at the time — Germans — who behaved suspiciously, and when Colyer went out they were seen to follow him.

Nothing more was seen of him until daylight this morning, when his wife discovered his dead body in a barn near by. The skull of deceased was split in two and the brains scattered all over the floor, presenting a most awful spectacle. The names of the supposed murderers are not known, but the police are on their track, and have no doubt of bringing them to justice.

The tides have been unusually high for several days past — a remarkable circumstance, seeing that the wind has been strong from the northwest, but accounted for on the theory of heavy easterly winds off shore.

The United States frigate Cumberland was towed to the Brooklyn Navy-Yard this morning, to receive her new armament.

Money was "hard" on all hands to-day, and rates range all the way up from 7 to 10a 12 per cent. Southern exchange cannot be sold, unless with bills of lading attached.

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