--The reader who is curious to know exactly where runs this oft mentioned line, will get a clear idea of it by taking the map and tracing it as follows:
It commences at the point on the Atlantic coast
where the dividing line between Virginia
and North Carolina
commences; passes along the line between Tennessee
; along the line between the States of Missouri
, thence through the Territory
of the Cherokee nation
, through New Mexico
, striking the eastern boundary of the State of California
, a short distance south of the middle, striking the Pacific
a short distance south of Monterey bay
On the south of that line there are about 300,000 square miles, including Indian reservations, while on the north there are about 1,300,000 square miles.
Of the 300,000 square miles south of 36,30 there is not the slightest probability that there could be carved out more than one slave State.
All New Mexico
, comprising about 210,000 square miles, would never become slave territory, from the fact that it is not adapted to slave labor.
It produces neither cotton nor cane.
North of that line, though slavery were to be legalized, it could never exist.