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English view of American growth.

--The London Times has an editorial on the extraordinary growth of the United States, from which the following is an extract:

‘ If the threatened dissolution of the United States should be actually consummated, its citizens will enjoy a singular opportunity of contemplating, at the very crisis of their destinies, the magnitude and splendor of the political fabric which they have just destroyed. The year of the Secession was also the year of the Census. At the moment that the Federal Government was receiving the envoys of independent Carolina it was receiving also the returns of population and progress from the several States of the Union. For the eighth time only since the origin of the Confederacy, and yet for the last time, perhaps, in its history, the great Republic has taken stock of its people. It has numbered and classified its citizens, counted its gains, and put its growth upon record, and now it seems as if it were resolved on terminating its existence. If it does so it will die in a blaze. Its progress has outstripped even the speculations of its own rulers. Ten years ago, at the taking of the seventh Census, some Americans sate down to calculate the probable numbers of the population in 1860, just as a thrifty trader on balancing his accounts will indulge himself in computing the prospective accumulations of such a surplus as he has just discovered.--They made out that the United States would contain at the period which has now arrived an aggregate population of 31,095,535. The reckoning has actually been verified, and with a little to spare. The numbers are 31,374,856. Nothing like such growth has ever been witnessed in the old States of Europe. The increase during the decade has been upwards of 8,000,000; the percentage 35. Our own country has made great strides, considering the numbers who emigrate, but we can only show such a percentage of increase in very rare instances, upon insignificant areas, and under special conditions.

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