The Secretary of the Navy
's special report made to the Senate on January 15, has just been printed.
It contains a list of the vessels in commission during the last twenty years, with a description of their station and armament.
On October 31, 1860, the total number of guns they mounted was 577, and the whole number of vessels then attached to the Home Squadron, consisted of the frigate Sabine
, the sloops Cumberland
, St. Louis
, and Germantown
, the steamers Brooklyn
, Powhatan Pawnee
, and Crusador
, and the storeship Supply.
The cost of the armament of each of the screw steamships of the Navy is given — the most expensive of which is that of the Wabash
, which has a battery of forty guns, capable of firing a broadside of the weight of 1,414 pounds. It cost $86,132.49. The Minnesota
has a battery of forty one guns, and cost $85,080.20. The weight of its broadside is 1,458 pounds. The Roanoke
and Merrimack have each batteries of forty guns, with broadsides of 1,414 pounds, and their armaments each cost from $82,000 to a little less than $84,000. The armament of the Niagara
consists of a battery of twelve guns of eleven-inch calibre, with a broadside of 1,620 pounds, and it cost $74,475.41.
The number of seamen in the United States
service in 1860 was 7,644, and of marines 1,746.
The actual cost of maintaining in commission vessels of different sizes, including the pay of officers and men, and the cost of fuel and oil in home squadron is, for
|screw steam frigate||$158,882|
|side-wheel sloop, first class||83,395|
|screw steam sloop, first class||103,646|
|screw steam sloop, second class||62,462|
|screw steamer, third class||30,018|
|side-wheel steamer, third class||40,358|
|Sailing frigate, first class||99,693|
|Sailing sloop, first class||50,556|
|Razee sloop, first class||72,228|
|Sailing sloop, second class||46,968|
|Sailing sloop, third class||37,226|
this statement does not include provisions or pay of marines, and there is a considerable additional cost for fuel and oil on the steam vessels, when they are employed in duty on foreign stations.
the cost of provisions required for maintaining in commission vessels of the different classes has rapidly increased during the last seventeen years, and was, in 1860, as follows:
|steam frigate||$52,488 81|
|Sailing frigate||44,531 75|
|steam sloop, first class||33,180 42|
|Sailing sloop, first class||18,746 00|
|steam sloop, second class||14,996 80|
|Sailing sloop, second class||16,871 40|
|Steamer, third class||7,873 32|
|sloop, third class||12,122 20|
the comparative cost of mechanical labor at the several navy-yards, for 1840 and 1860, are thus given:
Average increase in the several yards, (Mare Island
excepted,) 13,7 per cent.