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Naval intelligence.

The Secretary of the Navy's special report made to the Senate on January 15, has just been printed. It contains a list of the vessels in commission during the last twenty years, with a description of their station and armament. On October 31, 1860, the total number of guns they mounted was 577, and the whole number of vessels then attached to the Home Squadron, consisted of the frigate Sabine, the sloops Cumberland, Savannah, St. Louis, and Germantown, the steamers Brooklyn, Powhatan Pawnee, Pocahontas, Wyandotte, Mohawk, and Crusador, and the storeship Supply.

The cost of the armament of each of the screw steamships of the Navy is given — the most expensive of which is that of the Wabash, which has a battery of forty guns, capable of firing a broadside of the weight of 1,414 pounds. It cost $86,132.49. The Minnesota has a battery of forty one guns, and cost $85,080.20. The weight of its broadside is 1,458 pounds. The Roanoke, Colorado and Merrimack have each batteries of forty guns, with broadsides of 1,414 pounds, and their armaments each cost from $82,000 to a little less than $84,000. The armament of the Niagara consists of a battery of twelve guns of eleven-inch calibre, with a broadside of 1,620 pounds, and it cost $74,475.41.

The number of seamen in the United States service in 1860 was 7,644, and of marines 1,746.

The actual cost of maintaining in commission vessels of different sizes, including the pay of officers and men, and the cost of fuel and oil in home squadron is, for

screw steam frigate$158,882
side-wheel sloop, first class83,395
screw steam sloop, first class103,646
screw steam sloop, second class62,462
screw steamer, third class30,018
side-wheel steamer, third class40,358
Sailing frigate, first class99,693
Sailing sloop, first class50,556
Razee sloop, first class72,228
Sailing sloop, second class46,968
Sailing sloop, third class37,226

this statement does not include provisions or pay of marines, and there is a considerable additional cost for fuel and oil on the steam vessels, when they are employed in duty on foreign stations.

the cost of provisions required for maintaining in commission vessels of the different classes has rapidly increased during the last seventeen years, and was, in 1860, as follows:

steam frigate$52,488 81
Sailing frigate44,531 75
steam sloop, first class33,180 42
Sailing sloop, first class18,746 00
steam sloop, second class14,996 80
Sailing sloop, second class16,871 40
Steamer, third class7,873 32
sloop, third class12,122 20

the comparative cost of mechanical labor at the several navy-yards, for 1840 and 1860, are thus given:

1840.1860.Increase per cent.Decrease per cent
Portsmouth$1 46$1 9432.9
Boston1 821 946.6
New York1 781 938.4
Philadelphia1 702 0319.4
Washington1 481 8223.0
Norfolk1 801 968.9
Pensacola2 582 493.5
Mare Island4 39

Average increase in the several yards, (Mare Island excepted,) 13,7 per cent.

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