The Canada's mails.The following are the most interesting foreign items received by the steamship Canada, which arrived from Liverpool at Halifax, March 23d: ‘ The steamship Bohemian for Portland, did not leave Liverpool until the morning of the 8th, owing to stormy weather, and would probably leave Londonderry early on the 9th. ’ In the House of Lords on the 7th, Lord Wodehouse said it was true that Russia had sent a dispatch to the French Government approving of the French occupation in Syria, and intimating that Russia would, if necessary, support the sending of an increased force. Lord Wodehouse added that the Government could not give any further information pending negotiations now in progress. The Duke of Newcastle, in reply to Lord Derby, said the Legislature of British Guiana had been instructed to consider the bill sanctioning the extradition of prisoners escaping from the French colony of Cayenne, but political offenders were to be carefully excluded from the operation of the measure. In the House of Commons on the 7th an interesting debate took place on Italian affairs. Edwin James, Sir Robt. Peel, Gladstone, and Lord John Russell, defended the policy of England, the King of Sardinia and Garibaldi, while several Irish members took the opposite side, and Mr. Roebuck made a pro-Austrian speech. The Parliamentary Committee on the Red Sea Telegraph have agreed to confirm the unconditional guarantee of the Government. The London Times, in reviewing Jefferson Davis' inaugural speech, says it has never read a public document so difficult to analyze and interpret.
Emperor's speech by 120 to 3 votes. Prince Napoleon was expected to leave for Italy in the middle of March. A meeting of Hungarian and Polish notabilities is said to have been held at the Palace Royal. It is reported that the Emperor has stopped the building of iron-plated ships, owing to results obtained by the last new invention of cannon. The Mires affair is said to be assuming a more serious aspect. He is not allowed to communicate with any one. The Receiver General at Sous le Saulnier is said to have been removed from his post in connection with the affair. Independent members of the Corps Legislative had proposed various liberal amendments to the address, calling, amongst other things, for the repeal of the law of public safety, freedom of the press, &c. The debate will commence on the 11th. The Budget for 1862 had been submitted to the Legislature. The expenditures are estimated at nearly eighty millions pounds sterling; the receipts show a surplus of about half a million. The War Department shows an increased expenditure of over a million sterling. The Paris Bourse on the 8th was firm but mandate. Rentes closed at 68f. 20
Sicilians intended to celebrate Garibaldi's Saint's day by a general holiday. It was reported that the Irish Archbishop, Cullen, is to be created a Cardinal. The Austrian Gazette says that Francis II. has determined to stay in Rome as long as the Pope remains there.
Pope, and repudiated the idea of transferring to Jerusalem.
Warsaw. It was reported that the Emperor's brother would shortly visit Warsaw. The garrison of Warsaw was being nightly increased, but the impression was that peace would be preserved.
Russian note, in which he denies all right of foreign interference in the international affairs of Turkey. The Turkish fleet, with troops and six months provisions on board, was about to cruise off the coast of Dalmatia.
Bombay mails of February 12th had reached England, and the American portion have been forwarded in the Canada. The Bombay import market was quiet and drooping. Exports were active. Freights to Liverpool had advanced to £3 for cotton. Calcutta,Feb. 8, 1861. --Exchange, 2s. 1½d. Cotton fabrics dull and declining. Produce firm at high prices, but inactive. Freights to London, dead weight, 65s. a72s. 6d.