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The Dissolution.

the Fleet for the South--its Destination — condition of Fort Pickens--an interesting letter from there, &c.

The Washington dispatches generally point to the use of force by the Administration. --Those to the New York Herald indicate that a blockade of the Mississippi is threatened. --The steam frigate Minnesota, the steam sloop Powhatan, and the brig Perry, have been ordered to the Belize, while sealed orders have been sent to the Cumberland, Pocahontas, and Dolphin:

The Minnesota is a steam frigate of 3,200 tons, carrying 40 guns. She was built in 1855, and has been lying in ordinary in Boston.--The Perry is a brig, carrying 6 guns and 280 tons burthen; she is fitting out at the Brooklyn Navy-Yard. The Powhatan is a first class steam sloop, of 2,415 tons; she carries 11 guns, and is at present attached to the Home squadron. She is also preparing for sea at the Brooklyn Navy-Yard. The sloop-of-war Cumberland is the flag ship of the Home squadron, and bas been doing duty at Vera Cruz. She is 1,726 tons burthen, and carries 24 guns. The Pocahontas is a second class steam sloop. She was purchased by the Government in 1855, and has been attached to the Home squadron. She carries 5 guns, and is 694 tons burthen. She is at Norfolk. The brig Dolphin is also at Norfolk, where she is lying in ordinary. Like the Perry, she is of light draught, being but 224 tons; she carries 4 guns.

A dispatch from Washington to the Herald, says:

‘ At last the ball has opened. The corps of Sappers and Miners left here this morning, and to-day three of the batteries now in this city received orders to leave forthwith, all being required to report at Fort Hamilton, New York. That these troops are destined for Fort Pickens there can be no doubt. In less than a week the country will learn whether we have a Government or not. The Home squadron is to be increased and ordered South, and Pensacola and other Southern ports will be blockaded. Fort Pickens is not in need of additional men, but will soon be in want of supplies, which will be furnished forthwith.

’ It is believdd that Gen. Sumner has been ordered to New York, and perhaps South, to direct the movement of the troops, as he left here very suddenly.

Gen. Scott's private secretary also left yesterday on short notice for New York.

Several interviews have been had to-day between the President and Secretary of War, and the latter with General Scott.

Orders have been issued to-day, in the Navy Department to the several Bureaus, to an extent that almost precluded everything else.--Every available naval ship will be called home. Those on the coast of Africa, it is said, cannot be recalled without violating the treaty with England requiring the United States to keep at least eighty guns there.

The Cabinet were in session to-day for several hours, and Gen. Scott was present. Among the important questions discussed was the recent affair in St. Domingo. The foreign Ministers here express the opinion that the Spanish Government will not countenance the course of the Governor-General of Cuba, in sending troops from Havana to St. Domingo to sustain the Spanish flag. The Spanish Minister asserts that his dispatches from Madrid have contained no reference to the subject.

Report says that the British and French Ministers have indicated to the Secretary of State that, if the United States should interfere in the matter, their Governments will will keep hands off.

It is argued in high official circles here that the best policy for the Administration is to inaugurate a war with Spain or Mexico, or both, as the best means for averting internal strife.

A difficulty is said to exist in regard to the appropriation for the construction of the seven new steam sloops. It is that the money was appropriated for the fiscal year ending 1st of July next, and that it cannot be used until on and after that time. This is one of the reasons why an extra session of Congress cannot be prevented. The Administration is crippled in a similar manner by other appropriations.

Instructions were to-day given to all the heads of Bureaus in several of the departments not to hold any further official communication with any persons residing in the seceded States.

The Secretary of War has been locked in his private room all day, refusing to see any one except his assistants, who have, however, been in frequent communication with the President. Several of those belonging to the kitchen cabinet pretend that they know what is going on. They assert that the Spanish matters are mixed up with it. Quite a number of the department clerks have been busy for two days in hunting up matters connected with the St. Domingo question.

A dispatch from Washington, dated the 3d inst., says:

Lieutenant Gilman, one of the officers at Fort Pickens, arrived here this evening from Pensacola, having left there on the 31st of March. He states that no reinforcements had been landed from the Brooklyn or any other vessel, but that she had gone to Key West for supplies. He states that the Confederate troops were arriving there in large numbers, and in a few days they would have five thousand well provisioned. He says it is impossible for the Government to land troops at Fort Pickens without the Confederate authorities knowing it, and whenever they attempt it hostilities will at once commence. He says he met large numbers of troops on the route for Pensacola; that Gen. Bragg will not wait the action of the Washington Government much longer before they commence operations. He says the impression there was that Fort Pickens was to be abandoned. Such assurances were given out there.

From Pensacola.

A correspondent of the New York Times, writing from on board the United States frigate Sabine, off Pensacola Bar, the 25th ult., says:

‘ About ten days ago Major-General Bragg who is in command at this place,) saw fit to stop all communication between us and the shore, and Captain O'Hara, of Fort McRae, sent us word that if the Wyandotte did not keep a little further off he would fire into her. Captain Adams, wishing to a void a collision with these fools, keeps himself and us on board ship. Our supplies have been cut off from Mobile, and the New Orleans steamer, in passing in and out of the harbor, avoids our boarding boat, so you see we are hard up for news of any kind.

Capt. Adams addressed a letter to Welles, Secretary of the Treasury, last Tuesday and in it told him that starvation stared us in the face, and unless we heard from him or received relief in ten days from date, he would use his own discretion about leaving this place. We are all on half rations. We have plenty of money, but of what use is that to us now. Three days ago we transferred from the Brooklyn to this ship 82 troops, and sent her to Key West and Havana for supplies.

We expect her back in a few days. In the meantime they may attack Fort Pickens, and we have got to wade through about 3,000 bayonets to reinforce the fort, with masked batteries playing on us from all quarters, in conjunction with McRae and Barrancas. Is it not a pleasant picture to look upon? You must know there is an armistice in existence between Bragg and Adams. Bragg will not attack Pickens unless we attempt to reinforce it. We see troops going in nearly every day from New Orleans, Mobile, and other places, and can see them at work erecting sand-bag batteries, &c., and here we are cooped up like a lot of chickens, waiting for the Administration to do something. They have neglected us shamefully at Washington. They do not answer our communications. They do not send us anything to eat, and yet expect a ship like ours, which has been out over her time, with a broken-down and worn-out crew, and an old tub like the St. Louis, to do all their fighting in Southern waters, while vessels not yet three months in commission are rolling in clover off New York Battery.--Everybody in our ship is disheartened, and no wonder. You do not know one-tenth part of what we have suffered lately. They say the darkest hour of the night is just before the break of day; it is pitch dark with us just about this time.

Three nights ago we heard the booming of cannon, and saw lights passing and repassing on shore, We beat to quarters, called "All hands out boats," mustered our companies, and were all ready to go over the side, when the little Wyandotte came steaming out to let us know it was a false alarm. If I live a hundred years I shall never forget the feelings I had when I was loading my revolvers. We were all busy with our own thoughts, I can assure you, and for about ten minutes hardly anything was heard save the tick, tick, of a Colt, or the dull thud of a rifle ramrod. We did all our little valuables up, and directed them each with a letter for our friends at home, in case anything disagreeable might happen to us while attempting to reach the fort.

We have on board now nearly six hundred men, with grub enough to last about ten or twelve days longer. We have about thirty days water on board. We bought most of that here before communication was stopped, at the rate of six cents per gallon. All our fish lines are in requisition every day, but sometimes the fish even secede.

The Baltimore American, of Thursday, has the following paragraphs:

Three companies of United States Light Artillery passed through here yesterday morning, from Washington, in a special train, for New York. The train left the metropolis at 40, and, reaching here at 9, passed on to Philadelphia. The companies were A, B and H, but of what regiments we could not learn. They were under the command, in part, of Captain Barry and Captain Allen, and mustered 213 men, exclusive of commissioned officers. Accompanying were seventy-five horses, with field pieces, caissons, &c. They occupied a train of twenty passenger cars, and will proceed to Fort Hamilton, a post which some of the force previously occupied. Considerable attention was excited by the appearance of the cars and men, as they passed through the city. The soldiers generally expressed great satisfaction in returning to the fort. It is worthy of remark that twenty carpenters, with plenty of tools, were among the command, and were assured that they would probably be engaged for a month.--Several of the men were under the impression that they were not going to stop at Fort Hamilton.

The departure from this city of several bodies of recruits for the army of the Confederate States has been duly noticed, as well as the unhappy experience which some of them relate as to the life of the soldiery, and it would appear that the recruiting department is getting a little more particular in the selection of their men. The Norfolk boat, which reached here yesterday morning, brought back seven of the last detachment, who, upon undergoing examination, were declared physically incapacitated for performing garrison duty. They therefore returned to their old quarters rather crestfallen.

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