Latest from Washington.
the death of Colonel Ellsworth--its effect upon the President — he Sheds tears--Mrs. Lincoln Participates in the Lamentations, and Throws a Bouquet upon his Coffin — disposition of the body, &c.

We copy the following in relation to the death of Colonel Ellsworth and other matters from the Washington correspondence to the New York Herald, of Saturday morning last. It will be seen that the event is looked upon as a great calamity in the North, and the manner in which they howl over the just deserts meted out to that king of desperadoes is sublimely ridiculous:

Captain Fox has just made an official report of the circumstances attending the killing of Col. Ellsworth to the President.

It appears that Ellsworth was marching up the street with a squad of men to take possession of the telegraph office, when, in passing along, he noticed a secession flag flying from the top of a building. He immediately exclaimed, ‘"That has to come down,"’ and entering the building, made his way up to the roof with one of his men, hauled down the rebel emblem, and wrapping it around his body descended. While on the second floor, a secessionist came out of a door with a cocked double barrelled shot gun. He took aim at Ellsworth, when the latter attempted to strike the gun out of the way with his fist; as he struck it one of the barrels was discharged, lodging a whole load of buckshot in Ellsworth's body, killing him instantly. His companion instantly shot the murderer through the head with a revolver, making him a corpse a second or two after the fall of the noble Ellsworth. The house was immediately surrounded, and all the inmates made prisoners.

The remains of the deceased were brought over to the Navy-Yard this morning. The doleful peals of all the bells in the city are announcing the sad news to the citizens.

Col. Ellsworth's remains are deposited in the neat little engine-house of the Navy-Yard, the fire apparatus having been removed. They are still clad in his uniform, the breast being shockingly lacerated by the slug shot. They were sewed up in a red blanket. The body rests on a small bench, covered with the national flag, with a wreath of flowers upon the breast. The building was draped in flags and crape, and a detachment of the Seventy-first detailed to guard it. All the flags in the city are displayed at half-mast in honor of the gallant deceased. The fact of his death was kept for two hours from his men, to prevent demonstrations of violence.

It is stated that when he received the fatal shot he dropped his sword, and seizing hold of his clothing over his breast, tore it entirely off, and looking down upon the wound, closed his eyes and fell down dead without uttering a word.

A number of secession officers were captured in the Marshall House, and will be held as prisoners.

It appears that Col. Ellsworth entered the building in which he was shot with a squad of men, and not with one, as first reported.--The name of the secessionist that murdered Col. Ellsworth was James Jackson, keeper of the Marshall House. The name of the Zouave that shot Jackson is Brownell. He first blew his brains out with his rifle, and then bayonetted him.

The body of Col. Ellsworth was brought over in charge of six Zouaves. The wildest grief is exhibited by the members of the regiment.

Before wrapping the secession flag around his body Ellsworth had trampled it under foot.

I called at the White House this morning, with Senator Wilson, of Massachusetts, to see the President on a pressing matter of public business, and as we entered the library we remarked the President standing before a window, looking out across the Potomac, running at foot of Presidential grounds. He did not move till we approached very closely, when he turned round abruptly, and advanced towards us, extending his hand: ‘"Excuse me,"’ he said, ‘"but I cannot talk."’ We supposed that his voice had probably given way from some cause or other, and we were just about to inquire, when to our surprise the President burst into tears, and concealed his face in his handkerchief. He walked up and down the room for some moments, and we stepped aside in silence, not a little moved at such an unusual spectacle, in such a man, in such a place.

After composing himself somewhat, the President took his seat, and desired us to approach. ‘"I will take no apology, gentlemen,"’ said the President, ‘"for my weakness; but I knew poor Ellsworth well, and held him in great regard. Just as you entered the room, Capt. Fox left me, after giving me the painful details of Ellsworth's unfortunate death. The event was so unexpected, and the recital so touching, that it quite unmanned me."’--The President here made a violent effort to restrain his emotions, and after a pause he proceeded, with a tremulous voice, to give us the incidents of the tragedy that had occurred. ‘"Poor fellow,"’ repeated the President, as he closed his relation, ‘"it was undoubtedly an act of rashness, but it only shows the heroic spirit that animates our soldiers, from high to low, in this righteous cause of ours. Yet who can restrain their grief to see them fall in such a way as this, not by the fortunes of war, but by the hand of an assassin?"’ Towards the close of his remarks he added, ‘"There is one fact that has reached me, which is a great consolation to my heart, and quite a relief after this melancholy affair. I learn from several persons, that when the Stars and Stripes were raised again in Alexandria, many of the people of the town actually wept for joy, and manifested the liveliest gratification at seeing this familiar and loved emblem once more floating above them. This is another proof that all the South is not secessionist; and it is my earnest hope that, as we advance, we shall find as many friends as foes."’

Col. Ellsworth was quite a favorite with the President and his family. The Colonel accompanied the President as one of his suite from Springfield, before Mr. Lincoln's inauguration. He afterwards rendered great assistance in a clerical way. The President admired him for the wonderful energy. he displayed with his company of Chicago Zonaves, with which he made a tour of the United States.

The President, on his visit to the Navy-Yard this afternoon, requested the guard of honor having in charge the remains of Col. Ellsworth, to allow them to be brought to the White House and have the funeral ceremonies there. This request was granted, and the body will be removed to the Executive mansion in the morning.

Mrs. Lincoln visited the Navy-Yard this afternoon to view the remains, and inquired for young Brownell, who slew the murderer. He was present, in the guard of honor, and was introduced, and held a conversation with Mrs. Lincoln upon the particulars of the sad event. It is not improbable that promotion will be the reward of his devoted gallantry.

Col. Ellsworth was twenty-four years of age, was unmarried, and has parents living in the vicinity of Troy.

An autopsy of Col. Ellsworth's body was made at six o'clock. It exhibited a wound of an inch in diameter directly through the heart, causing instant death. The remains are embalmed.

Lieutenant Colonel Farnham, who, by the death of Colonel Ellsworth is commander of the Firemen Zouaves, was in the Mexican war, is an efficient officer, and it is believed will prove worthy to fill the place of his predecessor.

The Philadelphia Press went in mourning for the death of Col. Ellsworth. One would suppose from reading the Northern journals that they never had the expectation that any of their men would be killed at the South.--Says the New York correspondent of the Press:

It is impossible to express the universal feeling that exists in the city to-day, especially among the members of the Fire Department, at the assassination of the gallant young Ellsworth. One the face of every fireman is written, in unmistakable language, ‘"Revenge!"’ Woe to the enemy that first faces that regiment! The spirit of demons is within them to avenge the wanton, cold blooded murder of their brilliant young chief. It is beyond the power of pen to put upon paper the indignation expressed by everybody.--Flags are at half-mast to-day, out of respect to Col. E.'s memory. The firemen held a meeting at the Astor House this evening, to take action in reference to the deceased. Tomorrow ten thousand troops, embracing Gen. Dix's brigade, will be mustered into the United States service. The ceremony will take place in Fourteenth street.

A letter from Washington to the Press says

Mrs. Lincoln and her sister visited the Navy-Yard to-day, where the body of the deceased soldier was lying in state, and placed a beautiful bouquet upon the remains. It is understood that private Secretary is preparing an obituary notice for the newspaper press. The body of Col. Ellsworth was opened and embalmed by Dr. Holmes, the inventor of the patent embalming process.--The funeral will take place on Saturday afternoon. The ceremonies will be of an im

posing nature. The public buildings, the Navy-Yard, the city engine-houses, and many other buildings, are draped in mourning.

’ Funeral of Col. Ellsworth.

The funeral cortege conveying the remains of Col. Ellsworth to the depot, moved at 10 o'clock this morning, and reached the depot about 1.40 P. M., having moved very slowly through the city.

Several companies of citizen corps, followed by the New York Seventy-first Regiment, Marines and local Cavalry corps, formed the military escort, with arms reversed and colors shrouded. After the hearse came a detachment of the Fire Zouaves, one of whom, the avenger of Col. Ellsworth, carried the identical secession flag which was torn down by the deceased.

Then followed the President, accompanied by Secretaries Seward and Smith. The rear of the procession was composed of carriages containing the Captains of the Zouave Regiment. The train conveying the remains left the depot about 2 o'clock for the North.

Capture of Captain Ball's Cavalry.

The same correspondent thus speaks of the manner in which the capture of forty of Captain Ball's Cavalry, of Fairfax, was effected:

One of the most unexpected features of this morning's military adventures into Virginia was the capture of a company of four officers and thirty-six men, composed of F. F. V.'s, of Fairfax county, Virginia, who had been enrolled into a brilliant and dashing Cavalry corps. This secession company were early alarmed by the arrival of the Government forces in Alexandria, and, mounting their horses, began a precipitate retreat, riding till they believed themselves far beyond the reach of pursuit. They were rejoiced to see troops advancing from the West, whom they supposed to be reinforcements in their aid. Rushing hastily forward, they found themselves surrounded by the Michigan volunteers, and surrendered without a blow.

They were taken on board the steamer Baltimore, Capt. West, and conveyed as prisoners of war to the Navy-Yard. We found them gaily attired, with feathered chapeaus, apparently unconscious of the fate to which their treason naturally consigns them. Some of them were anxious to convince those with whom they conversed that their friends and relations, as well as their own unbiased sympathies, were on the side of the flag of our Union. They were a crestfallen troop indeed, for some had already doffed their feathered chapeau for the simple felt. The captain was a man of fine physique and carriage.--His plume was still aloft, and spurs in place, and haversack marked ‘"W. W. Ball."’

Telegraphic Dispatches.

Mechanicsville, N. Y., May 24.--The assassination of Col. Ellsworth has caused in this, his native town, the utmost sorrow and indignation. The father of Colonel Ellsworth happened to be in the telegraph office when the melancholy intelligence was received, and the first intimation he had of it was seeing the telegraph operator weeping. Mr. Ellsworth's grief was indescribable on learning the sad news. He left, in company with his wife, for New York this evening, on the Francis Skiddy. All the flags in town are at half-mast. The sympathy expressed for his parents is universal. The Colonel was their only living son. About a year since his younger brother, a young man of much ability, died in Chicago.

A great excitement was created by one Wallman, a Dutch pedlar, who thought his death was all right, and expressed sentiments favorable to the traitors. He was allowed by the citizens twenty minutes to leave town, and left, the band playing the Rogue's March, with orders to return no more.

Pittsburg, Pa., May 24--Col. Ellsworth's death was received here with profound sorrow. All the flags in the city were at half-mast.

Poughkeepsie, May 24.--Upon the report of the death of Col. Ellsworth the flags were lowered half-mast, and the fire bells tolled.

Washington, May 24.--A detachment of Col. Corcoran's Regiment, stationed on the southern slope of the Heights, seized a train of cars this afternoon, containing some three hundred passengers, a portion of whom are retained as prisoners. It is difficult to learn the particulars of the seizure of the train, and the disposition of the passengers and prisoners, inasmuch as the military authorities here refuse all passes to civilians to cross over to Virginia. This rule is applied to the members of the press with peculiar severity.

Boston, May 23.--The Legislature was prorogued this afternoon by the Governor. There were fifteen bills and two resolves passed during the session, all of which had reference to the present condition of the State and country.

Many of the members donated their pay to the Massachusetts Volunteer Fund, and the session closed by the members singing the ‘"Star Spangled Banner,"’ and other patriotic songs.

The People's Convention at Dedham to-day unanimously nominated B. F. Thomas as successor to Mr. Adams, from the Third Congressional District.

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