--The total population of the United States
, as indicated by full returns of the census received at Washington
, is 31,000,000, an increase since the census of 1850 of upwards of 7,900,000 persons.--The new ratio of representation in the House of Representatives, rendered necessary by this increase of population, will be about one member to every 133,000 inhabitants.
It will be the duty of the Secretary of the Interior
, when the census is fully completed, to divide the whole number of free persons, together with two-thirds of the slaves, by two hundred and thirty-three, the present number of members, and the product shall be the ratio for a member.
shall then proceed in the same manner to ascertain the population of each State, the free and two-thirds the slave, and divide the same by the ratio required for a single Representative, as at first ascertained, and the product shall be the number of Representatives to which a State shall be entitled — so far disregarding the fractions.
There will be a loss of several members in this mode of computation, caused by the fractions, and these are to be divided among the States having the largest fractions, until the number is made up to two hundred and thirty-three.