Later from Europe.
The steamship Kangaroo, from Liverpool on the 19th, via Queenstown on the 20th, has arrived at New York.
The Africa arrived at Liverpool on the 17th ult.
arrival of the Kangaroo
English Cabinet were on the point of separating, they received a telegram from St. Petersburg, announcing that intelligence from Pekin, to the 9th of November, had reached the Russian Government; that peace was concluded on the 26th of October, and the ratifications exchanged; and that on the 5th of November the allied forces evacuated Pekin, and the Emperor was expected immediately to return to his capital. The rapidity with which this news was received caused some doubts to be thrown upon its authenticity, but it is stated that the intelligence was communicated by the Russian Government to Sir John Crampton, the British Minister at St. Petersburg, who forthwith telegraphed it to London. The intelligence was like wise published in the Paris Moniteur, and confirmation had also been received in other quarters. Lengthy official dispatches as to the proceedings at Pekin, the treatment of the English prisoners, &c, are published. Some of the details as to the manner in which the prisoners were treated are quite sickening. The last letters received from the best sources hold out no hopes of the recovery of Capt. Brabazon and Mr. Bowlby, the correspondent of the Times.
Newcastle had been formally invested with the order of the garter, with the usual ceremonies. There was a rumor that the British Government had sent out instructions for a naval force to be concentrated in Mexican waters, in consequence of the late gross outrage perpetrated on the property of British citizens. The Times says the message of the President of the United States is an evasion of all responsibility, and contrasts the President's limit policy with the bold course of Jackson. As the President's message in detail did not reach London till the 18th, the London papers in general which criticise it had not reached Liverpool when the Kangaroo sailed. The distress at Coventry is such that 40,000 weavers are said to be actually starving. A seaman named Henry Lawson formerly belonging to the American ship Lombard, was tried in Liverpool for the murder of Charles Wallace, the boatswain of the said ship. The jury found the prisoner guilty of manslaughter, and he was sentenced to penal servitude for life. The Herald says arrangements are making to procure additional sums from the Liverpool branch of the Bank of England for transmission, in case the next intelligence should not be more favorable. The Daily News says that there is a growing feeling of distrust with respect to the course of affairs in America. It is feared that our market will yet be called upon to contribute largely to the relief of the country. The increased firmness which prevails in the English market for the great American staples, corn and cotton, points in the same direction.
Moniteur says the Emperor has decided that from January next, and by way of reciprocity, Englishmen visiting France shall be permitted to enter and travel through the country without passports. A decree is published suppressing the prohibition against the exports from Algeria, of barks for tanning purposes. The Archbishop of Lyons had published a haughty pamphlet against the imposition of a stamp upon pastoral letters treating of political matters. He pronounces the imposition of the stamp humiliating, and not to be submitted to by the Bishops. The Paris flour market was firm. Wheat also was well maintained, and closed with all advancing tendency. The Paris Bourse on the 18th was rather firmer. Rentes closed at 68.85.
Gaeta as to the progress of the siege is contradictory, but no new movement of importance is chronicled.--Francis the Second had issued a proclamation, calling upon the garrison to defend the place to the last. The province of Viterbo continued in a state of insurrection, and it was reported that the French were preparing to evacuate the province. The Mobilized National Guard of Naples, destined for Upper Italy, had been organized. The Bavarian Minister at Turin having been recalled, the Sardinian. Minister at Munich had received orders to vacate his post. The French fleet was expected soon to leave Gaeta. A telegram from Rome, of the 15th, says the bombardment of Gaeta was to be re-commenced in consequence of the non-acceptance by Francis the Second of the conditions of surrender. A Naples dispatch says that France had succeeded in inducing the belligerents to consent to a suspension of hostilities, in order that negotiations for the surrender of Gaeta might be entered upon. Victor Emmanuel contests a condition which entities Francis the Second to send a representative to plead his cause at a future Congress. The Paris journals were instructed to deny the evacuation of Viterbo by the French, and to state that the French troops had been even sent beyond that province.
Count Richberg was about to retire from office. The Hungarian Conference at Graw was opened on the 18th. The Electoral law of 1848 was promptly adopted.
Thames Iron Works Company, London, for an iron-cased frigate of 6,320 tons, and great power. Other vessels of the same class are to be furnished from year to year.
Bombay mail of Nov, 26th had reached Marseilles, and would arrive in London on the 20th ult. Business was at a stand still, owing to the resentment against the income tax. Exchange was higher. Freights were fully 10s, per ton higher. A new company was in course of formation in London for running a line of screw steamers to India.
Brazil, with Rio dates of Nov. 25th, had arrived. Coffee was firm at 5-500a5-600 for good firsts. Stock 50,000 bags. Sterling Exchange 27.