Death of the Chancellor of England.
The celebrated jurist and writer, the Right Honorable Jno Campbell
, Lord High Chancellor
of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
, died very suddenly, in London
, on the 23th of June, from the rapture of a blood vessel.
He was the seventh and youngest child of the Rev. George Campbell
, minister of Cupar, and Magdalen, daughter of John Hallyberton
, the head of a family possessing large landed estates in Forfarshire, Scotland
, and was born at Cupar
, St. Andrews
, in the county of Fife
, on the 15th of September, 1781.
His lineage was noble, and could be traced on his father's side to the Ducal house
He was educated at St. Andrew's University, commencing at an early age under the tutorship of the Rev. G. Hill
, of St. Mary's College.
At the age of twenty he had already taken the degree of Master of Arts, and entered on the studies of the English Bar
in the office of the celebrated Mr. Tidd
, the majority of whose pupils have attained distinction.
During the period of his probation, Campbell
was employed as a writer of theatrical critiques in the London
Morning Chronicle, then the organ of the great Chas. Fox
and his adherents, and made his mark as a writer of ability in a walk entirely at variance with the dry studies he was assiduously pursuing.
To these efforts he was largely indebted for his means of subsistence and success; and sustained by untiring industry, was called to the bar in the Michaelmas term of 1806.
From that moment he began to rise, although checked in his career by many drawbacks.
His four volumes of Nisi Prius Reports gave him reputation, and upon Lord Eldou's death he succeeded to the position of Counsel to the Crown.
In 1830, he entered the House of Commons, where he was a frequent and admired speaker on the Whig
side in politics.
In 1832 he was made Solicitor General
and then Attorney General
, succeeding Sir W. Horne
, under the Whig Ministry
In 1841 he was made Lord Chancellor of Ireland
, on the resignation of Lord Plunket, and with it received a peerage, with the title Lord Campbell of St. Andrews
, County Fife, Scotland
His party — the Whigs
— going out of power the same year, he devoted himself to literary labors, having resigned his Chancellorship in September.
It was during the period that elapsed until 1846 that he prepared a considerable portion of his ‘"Lives of the Lord Chancellors
and Keepers of the Great Seal."’ In 1846,when Sir Robert Peel
came into power, Lord Campbell was made Chancellor
of the Duchy of Lancaster
, and in 1850 became the successor of Lord Denmen, as Lord Chief Justice
of the Court of King's Bench
succeeded the Derby Ministry
, Lord Campbell was, at length, made Lord High Chancellor
of the Realm, and held that exalted office with great distinction until the day of his death, having then passed the ripe old age of eighty years.
He died full of honors, leaving a proud title and a noble reputation, as a man of kindly disposition and great intellect, to those who inherit his name and his estates.
Lord Campbell married, in 1821, Mary Elizabeth Scarlett
, daughter of Lord Abinger, and was the father of seven children, three sons and four daughters.
One of his sons represented Cambridge
in Parliament, and another served England
in Bengal, in the army of the late East India Company.
Sir Richard Bethel
, who has been raised to the woolsack as the successor of Lord Camp-bell, is a native of Bradford
, and was born in 1800. Graduating at Oxford
, he adopted law as his profession, and was called to the Bar in 1823, and made Queen
's Counsel in 1840. In 1852, when the honor of Knighthood was conferred upon Sir Richard, he was made Solicitor General
in the Ministry of Lord Aberdeen, a position he held until the transfer of Sir Alexander Cockourn
to the Bench, when he became Attorney General
. Sir Richard Bethel
occupied, by general consent, the position of leader of the English Bar