previous next

Death of the Chancellor of England.

The celebrated jurist and writer, the Right Honorable Jno Campbell, Lord High Chancellor of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, died very suddenly, in London, on the 23th of June, from the rapture of a blood vessel.

He was the seventh and youngest child of the Rev. George Campbell, minister of Cupar, and Magdalen, daughter of John Hallyberton, Esq., the head of a family possessing large landed estates in Forfarshire, Scotland, and was born at Cupar, St. Andrews, in the county of Fife, Scotland, on the 15th of September, 1781.

His lineage was noble, and could be traced on his father's side to the Ducal house of Argyle.

He was educated at St. Andrew's University, commencing at an early age under the tutorship of the Rev. G. Hill, of St. Mary's College. At the age of twenty he had already taken the degree of Master of Arts, and entered on the studies of the English Bar in the office of the celebrated Mr. Tidd, the majority of whose pupils have attained distinction. During the period of his probation, Campbell was employed as a writer of theatrical critiques in the London Morning Chronicle, then the organ of the great Chas. Fox and his adherents, and made his mark as a writer of ability in a walk entirely at variance with the dry studies he was assiduously pursuing.

To these efforts he was largely indebted for his means of subsistence and success; and sustained by untiring industry, was called to the bar in the Michaelmas term of 1806.

From that moment he began to rise, although checked in his career by many drawbacks.

His four volumes of Nisi Prius Reports gave him reputation, and upon Lord Eldou's death he succeeded to the position of Counsel to the Crown.

In 1830, he entered the House of Commons, where he was a frequent and admired speaker on the Whig side in politics. In 1832 he was made Solicitor General and then Attorney General, succeeding Sir W. Horne, under the Whig Ministry.

In 1841 he was made Lord Chancellor of Ireland, on the resignation of Lord Plunket, and with it received a peerage, with the title Lord Campbell of St. Andrews, County Fife, Scotland. His party — the Whigs — going out of power the same year, he devoted himself to literary labors, having resigned his Chancellorship in September. It was during the period that elapsed until 1846 that he prepared a considerable portion of his ‘"Lives of the Lord Chancellors and Keepers of the Great Seal."’ In 1846,when Sir Robert Peel came into power, Lord Campbell was made Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and in 1850 became the successor of Lord Denmen, as Lord Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench.

When Palmerston succeeded the Derby Ministry, Lord Campbell was, at length, made Lord High Chancellor of the Realm, and held that exalted office with great distinction until the day of his death, having then passed the ripe old age of eighty years.

He died full of honors, leaving a proud title and a noble reputation, as a man of kindly disposition and great intellect, to those who inherit his name and his estates.

Lord Campbell married, in 1821, Mary Elizabeth Scarlett, daughter of Lord Abinger, and was the father of seven children, three sons and four daughters. One of his sons represented Cambridge in Parliament, and another served England in Bengal, in the army of the late East India Company.

Sir Richard Bethel, who has been raised to the woolsack as the successor of Lord Camp-bell, is a native of Bradford, and was born in 1800. Graduating at Oxford, he adopted law as his profession, and was called to the Bar in 1823, and made Queen's Counsel in 1840. In 1852, when the honor of Knighthood was conferred upon Sir Richard, he was made Solicitor General in the Ministry of Lord Aberdeen, a position he held until the transfer of Sir Alexander Cockourn to the Bench, when he became Attorney General. Sir Richard Bethel occupied, by general consent, the position of leader of the English Bar.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
St. Andrews (Canada) (2)
Scotland (United Kingdom) (2)
England (United Kingdom) (1)
Cupar (United Kingdom) (1)
Bradford (Canada) (1)
Angus (United Kingdom) (1)
hide People (automatically extracted)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
1846 AD (2)
1852 AD (1)
1850 AD (1)
1841 AD (1)
1840 AD (1)
1832 AD (1)
1830 AD (1)
1823 AD (1)
1821 AD (1)
1806 AD (1)
1800 AD (1)
September 15th, 1781 AD (1)
September (1)
June 23rd (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: