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Arrest of a former Marylander in Philadelphia.

William H. Winder, a Marylander by birth, but a resident of Philadelphia, and a brother of Brigadier General John H. Winder, of the Southern army, was arrested in Philadelphia, by Federal authority, on Tuesday night, and all his correspondence and effects seized. The Press gives the following particulars of the arrest:

‘ The prisoner is a broker, and has been doing business at 314 Walnut street. Latterly he has occupied rooms in Ninth street, above Chestnut, and taken meals at the Washington Hotel. He has been suspected of having treasonable communication with persons in the rebel States, and the detectives have watched him constantly. A few weeks ago he refused to take the oath of allegiance, as prescribed to the Reserve Grays, of which he was a member, and still later was accused of receiving and transmitting information southward.

Warrants were issued simultaneously at Washington and Philadelphia. That signed by Provost Marshal Porter stated that the prisoner was charged with an intention to ‘"seize, take, and possess the property of the Government of the United States,"’ and likewise to subvert and overturn the United States Government. Having secured Winder's clerk, Detectives Franklin, Bartholomew, and Blackburn, next proceeded to an armory of the Reserve Grays, in Walnut street, and, quietly exhibiting their warrants, directed him to go with them to his lodgings. He was afterwards taken a side, stripped and searched, giving up his keys, pocket-book, letters, etc. At his rooms was found a quantity of valuable deeds of properties in Washington, Baltimore, and Philadelphia, letters from a brother (Chas. H. Winder) residing in Washington, and from the Brigadier Winder, of a more Southern latitude. Among the curiosities of the place were the sword of Gen. W. H. Winder, of the war of 1812, and a lot of historical relics and letters.

Some of the letters, it is said, reveal the way of thinking in the South, prior to Mr. Lincoln's election, showing conclusively a foregone intention to disrupt the Union.--Others detail fragments of conversation to which James Buchanan was a party, and exhibit a general looseness of sentiment in the presence of that functionary which might, at this time, be construed into treason. We believe, however, that none of the documents directly inculpate Winder; because, although most of them are filled with treason, they cannot be proved to have been written by the prisoner. He was, however, the Philadelphia correspondent of the New York Daily News, as copies of his letters were found pasted carefully in blanks, with notes and interpolations.

Winder was the owner of the ‘"Winder Buildings,"’ in Washington city, now occupied as the Pension Bureau. He is presumed to be wealthy, and has manifested a prudent guise since his arrest. He is a small man, wearing dark glasses and a military cap, apparently forty-five years of age. The District Attorney is overhauling his papers and collecting evidence.

Winder is connected with one of the oldest and best families of Maryland, one or two of his relatives having been Governors of that State. His father, bearing the same name with the prisoner, commanded the American troops at the rout of Bladensburg, and was accused of cowardice when the capital was captured and desolated by Cockburn and Ross. He died in 1824, and was honored with an immense funeral pageant.

Brigadier General John H. Winder, the prisoner's brother, resigned from the United States army some months ago, and joined the Confederates. He graduated at West Point in 1820, in the same class with A. J. Donelson, D. D. Tompkins, and Joshua Barney. He was promoted from rank to rank, at one time resigning, and at another detailed as assistant professor of infantry tactics at West Point. He was breveted Major in 1847, for gallant and meritorious conduct at the battles of Contreras and Churubusco. At the time of his resignation he was Brevet Colonel of Artillery.

The Inquirer says the brother of Mr. W. is the owner of the ‘"Winder Building,"’ in Washington, and that the Government pays a rent of $25,000 per annum for it.

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